9. Tundra A terrestrial biome characterizedby its frost-molded landscapes.It is the coldest of all the biomes.
10. Tundra Tundra comes from the Finnishword tunturi, meaning treelessplain
11. Taiga (Evergreen Forest) A terrestrial biome characterizedby forest covered withconiferous trees (Pine Trees).
12. Taiga (Evergreen Forest) The taiga is thelargest terrestrialbiome in theworld. It covers largeparts of Canada,Europe, and Asia.
13. Temperate DeciduousForest More preciselytermed temperatebroadleaf forest
14. Temperate DeciduousForest A terrestrial biomecharacterized by having atemperate climate and thatmost of the trees lose theirleaves in the winter Rich dark soil from years ofleaf decomposition
15. Tropical Rain Forest A terrestrial biome characterizedby its hot, moist environment itis found near Earths equator.
16. Tropical Rain Forest Though only about 6% of theearth’s land surface. It isearths most complex biome interms of both structure andspecies diversity.
17. Desert A terrestrial biome characterizedlittle rainfall and dry barrenlandscapes. It covers about onefifth of the Earths surface
18. Grasslands Covers over 20% of the earth’s surface. Large areas of the North America called theprairie. Also located in central Europe andcentral Asia In Africa it is called the savannah Deep rich soil excellent for farming
20. Aquatic Biomes The Marine Biome The Freshwater Biome
21. Marine Biome Makes up the largestpercentage of aquatic biomeson earth. These biomes are extremelyimportant to how our earthcurrently functions.
22. Marine Biome These biomes involve a mediumto high percentage of salt in thewater
23. Freshwater Biome An aquatic biome that accountsfor less than one fifth of the areaof the Earth.
24. Freshwater Biome It provides half of the drinkingwater, one third of the waterused for irrigation.
25. Support Terms
26. Hibernation A behavioral adaptation observedin some organisms which live incolder climates where the organismslows down and sleeps out the coldseason
27. Migration The instinctivemovement ofanimals such asbirds movingsouth for thewinter
28. Dormancy The time of year when plants do notappear to be living (brown grass inWinter) When a seed has not yet germinated
29. Adaptation An evolutionary change that allows aspecies to survive in a particularenvironment.– Hummingbirds long beak for extractingnectar– Penguins are flightless birds but usetheir wings to swin
30. Lab TimeNow it is time to introducethe new lab.Pease open your Green labguides to page1Read the introductionsilently as I read it aloud
31. Essential Learnings Regions of the world located atsimilar or opposite latitudesoften have similar climates andecosystems These are called Biomes
32. Essential Learnings There are six (6) terrestrialbiomes– Tundra– Taiga (Evergreen Forest)– Temperate Deciduous Forest– Tropical Rain Forest– Grassland– Desert
33. Essential Learnings There are two (2) aquaticbiomes– Marine– Freshwater
34. Essential Learnings Climate is defined as the typicallong-term weather pattern foundin an area over time
35. Essential Learnings The tilt of the earth on its axiscombined with its revolutionaround the sun play a major rolein the climate of any region
36. Essential Learnings Climate factors:– Precipitation– Temperature– Altitude– Latitude
37. Essential Learnings Climate may also be affected bynearby large bodies of water,high altitude and a “rain shadoweffect” of a mountain range.
38. Essential Learnings Regions of the world located atsimilar or opposite latitudesoften have similar climates andtend to have ecosystems withsimilar dominant plants andanimals
39. Essential Learnings Organisms adapt to theirenvironments Natural Selection is the processwhere the best suitedorganisms for the environmentsurvive and the less suited donot
40. Essential Learnings Adaptations may be:– Structural (physical features)Beak sizeLoss of flight but ability to swim(penguins)
41. Essential Learnings Adaptations may be:– BehavioralHibernationMigration
42. Essential Learnings Many plants go dormantperiods of cold and low sunlightor during the harsh winterseason They come back/revive everyspring.