Tundra A terrestrial biome characterizedby its frost-molded landscapes.It is the coldest of all the biomes.
Tundra Tundra comes from the Finnishword tunturi, meaning treelessplain
Taiga (Evergreen Forest) A terrestrial biome characterizedby forest covered withconiferous trees (Pine Trees).
Taiga (Evergreen Forest) The taiga is thelargest terrestrialbiome in theworld. It covers largeparts of Canada,Europe, and Asia.
Temperate DeciduousForest More preciselytermed temperatebroadleaf forest
Temperate DeciduousForest A terrestrial biomecharacterized by having atemperate climate and thatmost of the trees lose theirleaves in the winter Rich dark soil from years ofleaf decomposition
Tropical Rain Forest A terrestrial biome characterizedby its hot, moist environment itis found near Earths equator.
Tropical Rain Forest Though only about 6% of theearth’s land surface. It isearths most complex biome interms of both structure andspecies diversity.
Desert A terrestrial biome characterizedlittle rainfall and dry barrenlandscapes. It covers about onefifth of the Earths surface
Grasslands Covers over 20% of the earth’s surface. Large areas of the North America called theprairie. Also located in central Europe andcentral Asia In Africa it is called the savannah Deep rich soil excellent for farming
Hibernation A behavioral adaptation observedin some organisms which live incolder climates where the organismslows down and sleeps out the coldseason
Migration The instinctivemovement ofanimals such asbirds movingsouth for thewinter
Dormancy The time of year when plants do notappear to be living (brown grass inWinter) When a seed has not yet germinated
Adaptation An evolutionary change that allows aspecies to survive in a particularenvironment.– Hummingbirds long beak for extractingnectar– Penguins are flightless birds but usetheir wings to swin
Lab TimeNow it is time to introducethe new lab.Pease open your Green labguides to page1Read the introductionsilently as I read it aloud
Essential Learnings Regions of the world located atsimilar or opposite latitudesoften have similar climates andecosystems These are called Biomes
Essential Learnings There are six (6) terrestrialbiomes– Tundra– Taiga (Evergreen Forest)– Temperate Deciduous Forest– Tropical Rain Forest– Grassland– Desert
Essential Learnings There are two (2) aquaticbiomes– Marine– Freshwater
Essential Learnings Climate is defined as the typicallong-term weather pattern foundin an area over time
Essential Learnings The tilt of the earth on its axiscombined with its revolutionaround the sun play a major rolein the climate of any region
Essential Learnings Climate factors:– Precipitation– Temperature– Altitude– Latitude
Essential Learnings Climate may also be affected bynearby large bodies of water,high altitude and a “rain shadoweffect” of a mountain range.
Essential Learnings Regions of the world located atsimilar or opposite latitudesoften have similar climates andtend to have ecosystems withsimilar dominant plants andanimals
Essential Learnings Organisms adapt to theirenvironments Natural Selection is the processwhere the best suitedorganisms for the environmentsurvive and the less suited donot
Essential Learnings Adaptations may be:– Structural (physical features)Beak sizeLoss of flight but ability to swim(penguins)
Essential Learnings Adaptations may be:– BehavioralHibernationMigration
Essential Learnings Many plants go dormantperiods of cold and low sunlightor during the harsh winterseason They come back/revive everyspring.