Preterite Imperfect Used to express a Used to express a continuous action in “snapshot” action in the past the past
Future Conditional Used when refering Used when referring to something in the to something in the future future
Por Para Cause or reason Purpose Length of time/ Time limit Duration of an action Destination/Movement Movement through a towards a place place/by a place Comparison Agent Adressee Substitution
Cause or reason Length of time/ Duration of an action Movement through a place/by a place Agent Substitution
Purpose Time limit Destination/Movement towards a place Comparison Adressee
Tú Affirmative Ud affirmativePut in usted form. Put in usted form, change to opposite vowel.Tú negative Ud negativePut in usted form, change to opposite Put in usted form, change to oppositevowel and add a no before the verb, vowel, add an “s” to the end.and an “s” to the endUstedes Affirmative Nosotros affirmative; put inPut in ustedes form, change to nosotros form, change to oppositeopposite vowel. vowelUstedes negative, put in ustedes form Nosotros negative; put in nosotroswith opposite vowel, no goes before change to opposite vowel, no goesthe verb before the verb.
The present perfect is formed by combining the auzillary verb “has” with the past participle he hemos has habeis ha han Add ado to the end of AR verbs, ido to the end of ER and IR verbs.
Recieves the object of a verb Me nos te os Lo/la los/las
Add mente to the feminine form of an adjective. Exceptions; muy - very nunca – never peor - worse poco - little bastante - quite demasiado - too mal - badly mucho – a lot siempre - always
Conjugate with the opposite vowel Wish, want Emotion Doubt Denial Impersonal expressions Negation Guess WEDDING
Se is used to avoid specifying the person who is performing the action of the verb Always conjugate in usted form.
Ir+ present participle = is slowly but surely ___ing Andar + present participle = is going around ___ing Seguir + present participle = is still ___ing