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  • 1. 21. 4 Arts in the Industrial Age
  • 2. LEQ: What artistic movements emerged inreaction to the Industrial Revolution?
  • 3. • romanticism – 19th-century artistic movement that appealed to emotion rather than reason Background: A cultural movement called romanticism emerged out of the Industrial Revolution and flourished between 1750 and 1850. It emphasized imagination, freedom, and emotion.
  • 4. • romanticism – 19th-century artistic movement that appealed to emotion rather than reason Background: A cultural movement called romanticism emerged out of the Industrial Revolution and flourished between 1750 and 1850. It emphasized imagination, freedom, and emotion.
  • 5. Romanticism glorifiednature and communicatedintense feelings.This artistic style emergedin the mid 1700s and wasa reaction to neoclassicism,which focused on reasonand restraint.
  • 6. Romantic writers created a new kind of hero.Lord Byron wasknown for creating His hero was oftenisolated, larger- mysterious andthan-life characters different from othersin his poetry. in society.Two other examples of this sort of character wereGoethe’s Faust and Charlotte Brontë’s Rochester inher novel Jane Eyre.
  • 7. Victor Hugo wroteSome romantics about France’s past infound inspiration The Hunchbackin the past. of Notre Dame.Architects built newstructures in the medievalGothic style. The buildingsof the British Parliamentare an example of this.
  • 8. Ludwig van Beethoven – a romantic German composer whose music combined classical forms with a stirring range of sound Romantic composers and artists stirred deep emotions. • Ludwig van Beethoven took advantage of all the instruments in the orchestra to produce a stirring range of sound. • Landscape painters such as J. M. W. Turner tried to show the power of nature in their work with bold color.
  • 9. realism – an attempt to represent the world as it was, without the sentiment associated with romanticismCharles Dickens – an English novelist who portrayed the lives of slum dwellers and factory workers in his books A new artistic Realists sought movement to depict life as called realism it really was, and emerged in the often focused on mid-1800s. the harsh side of existence. Charles Dickens portrayed the lives of slum dwellers and orphans in his popular novels, and Émile Zola wrote of class warfare in his work.
  • 10. Gustave Courbet – a French realist painter who depicted what he saw in his works Realism also emerged in drama and in art. • Henrick Ibsen produced plays attacking hypocrisy and strict social rules. • Gustave Courbet painted rough laborers in his works.
  • 11. • impressionism – a style of art in which painters attempted to capture the first fleeting impression made by a scene or object As photography emerged, painters took new directions in their work. • Louis Daguerre improved on earlier technology to produce photographs by the 1840s. • Since the camera could be used to realistically depict life, painters faced the challenge of what to do next. Impressionism evolved as a result.
  • 12. • Claude Monet – an impressionist artist who applied colors without combining them, relying on the human eye to blend them• Vincent van Gogh – a postimpressionist painter who experimented with sharp lines and bright colors • Unlike earlier artists, Claude Impressionist Monet and other impressionists painters sought did not attempt to hide their to capture an brush strokes. “impression” of an object • These artists attempted to or a scene. create a fresh view of the world. • Postimpressionists, such as Vincent van Gogh, experimented further with line and color to add a dreamlike quality to images in their work.
  • 13. LEQ: What artistic movements emerged inreaction to the Industrial Revolution?romanticism, realism, impressionism,postimpressionism