First World War

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First World War

  1. 1. First World War A time of HUGE change
  2. 2. War: catalyst for change. Why? <ul><li>Why do historians argue war is one of the major causes of change in our world? </li></ul><ul><li>Think: What was the world like prior to the War? (politically, socially, economically, in terms of technology) </li></ul>
  3. 3. World on the Edge Why war was inevitable! <ul><li>Superpowers : Battle to be #1 </li></ul><ul><li>Europe : Too small for all those people </li></ul><ul><li>Alliances galore : divided the continent </li></ul><ul><li>Imperialism : All wanted more land </li></ul><ul><li>Militaristic : All had cool new toys </li></ul><ul><li>Nationalism : All thought they were superior </li></ul>
  4. 4. The shot heard round the world <ul><li>Terrorist act resulting in the assassination of Austria-Hungary's archduke Franz Ferdinand (as a result of imperialistic moves) </li></ul><ul><li>Killed by Serbians in attempt to win their freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Alliances kicked in </li></ul>
  5. 5. Alliances <ul><li>Austria-Hungary </li></ul><ul><li>Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Ottoman Empire (Turkey) </li></ul><ul><li>Russia </li></ul><ul><li>France </li></ul><ul><li>Britain </li></ul><ul><li>USA </li></ul><ul><li>Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Canada </li></ul>
  6. 8. Stats and Facts <ul><li>Dates: 1914 to 1918 </li></ul><ul><li>65 million soldiers from 35 nations </li></ul><ul><li>30 million died </li></ul><ul><li>61 000 Canadians lost their lives </li></ul><ul><li>12 million dollars </li></ul><ul><li>Lead to revolutions in Russia, Hungary, and Germany (good bye monarchies) </li></ul><ul><li>Japan will embrace new era (technology) </li></ul>
  7. 9. Total Warfare… A new way to fight <ul><li>New Technology: Meat grinder </li></ul><ul><li>New rules of engagement </li></ul><ul><li>Civilians as soldiers (Imperialism) </li></ul><ul><li>Unlimited battlefield </li></ul><ul><li>Death toll </li></ul><ul><li>Nations fighting </li></ul>
  8. 10. New Stuff <ul><li>Cars </li></ul><ul><li>Tanks </li></ul><ul><li>Airplanes </li></ul><ul><li>Zeppelins </li></ul><ul><li>Metal boats </li></ul><ul><li>Subs </li></ul><ul><li>Gas </li></ul><ul><li>Trenches </li></ul><ul><li>Machine guns </li></ul>
  9. 12. Notable Battles <ul><li>Ypres </li></ul><ul><li>Somme </li></ul><ul><li>Vimy Ridge </li></ul><ul><li>Passchendaele </li></ul><ul><li>100 Days </li></ul>
  10. 14. November 11, 1918 <ul><li>Cease fire at 11:00 AM </li></ul><ul><li>Germany will surrender </li></ul><ul><li>Canadian George Lawrence Price </li></ul>
  11. 15. **Treaty of Versailles** <ul><li>1919 peace treaty to end war </li></ul><ul><li>German military reduced </li></ul><ul><li>Germany lost colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Germany must pay for war costs </li></ul><ul><li>And the big one…Germany take total blame for the war </li></ul><ul><li>WOULD LEAD TO WW2 </li></ul>
  12. 17. Results of War <ul><li>Before war Political </li></ul><ul><li>Monarchs </li></ul><ul><li>England, Germany, France, Russia were superpowers </li></ul><ul><li>After war Political </li></ul><ul><li>Move to democracy or totalitarianism </li></ul><ul><li>Germany and Russia into Revolutions </li></ul><ul><li>USA rises to power </li></ul><ul><li>France, England lose power </li></ul><ul><li>Breakdown of Middle East </li></ul>
  13. 18. GOOD BYE MONARCHIES
  14. 19. Results of War <ul><li>Before War Economic </li></ul><ul><li>Imperialism and land </li></ul><ul><li>Big Superpowers all had colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural lifestyle </li></ul><ul><li>After war Economic </li></ul><ul><li>Colonies demand independence (new nations emerge) </li></ul><ul><li>Industrialization </li></ul><ul><li>Urbanization </li></ul><ul><li>USA money power </li></ul><ul><li>Europe in debt </li></ul>
  15. 21. Results of War <ul><li>Technology prior </li></ul><ul><li>Horse </li></ul><ul><li>Sword </li></ul><ul><li>Rifle </li></ul><ul><li>Radio </li></ul><ul><li>Train </li></ul><ul><li>Technology after </li></ul><ul><li>Cars, planes, metal boats </li></ul><ul><li>Machine guns </li></ul><ul><li>Tanks </li></ul><ul><li>Gas </li></ul><ul><li>New weapons </li></ul><ul><li>New communication </li></ul>
  16. 23. Results of War <ul><li>Society prior </li></ul><ul><li>Eurocentric </li></ul><ul><li>Women owned </li></ul><ul><li>Ignorance of minorities </li></ul><ul><li>Ignorance of sovereign nations </li></ul><ul><li>Official military </li></ul><ul><li>Society after </li></ul><ul><li>Americentric </li></ul><ul><li>Women gain vote </li></ul><ul><li>Birth of struggle for global equality </li></ul><ul><li>Civilian military </li></ul><ul><li>PARTY! 1920s… </li></ul>
  17. 25. The war to end all wars ends! <ul><li>Soldiers celebrate upon returning home (alcohol and new music) </li></ul><ul><li>Women’s attitudes have changed (fashion, dating, work) </li></ul><ul><li>Want the new technology (cars, indoor plumbing) </li></ul><ul><li>Roaring twenties </li></ul>

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