WWII in the Pacific

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WWII in the Pacific from after Pear Harbor to VJ day. Includes section on Japanese internment camps in the U.S. as well.

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WWII in the Pacific

  1. 1. The War in the Pacific <ul><li>US conducts “island hopping” campaign across the Pacific towards Japan </li></ul>
  2. 3. The Battle of Midway “ The most decisive 10 minutes of the war” Japanese lose 4 aircraft carriers in 10 minutes. Japan forced to withdrawal
  3. 4. B-29 Bomber Range B-29 bombing ranges
  4. 5. B-29 Pictures
  5. 6. Iwo Jima and Okinawa (Feb-Jun 1945) <ul><ul><li>Retakes Guam, Philippines, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Invades Iwo Jima </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Famous USMC flag raising picture </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Invades Okinawa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Massive casualties in each of the last two battles. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Japanese fighting to the last man </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Kamikaze <ul><ul><li>- Japanese pilots trained to make a suicidal crash attack upon a ship. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-Their airplanes were often loaded with explosives </li></ul></ul>Note the plane about to crash into this ship “ The Divine Wind”
  7. 8. B-29 Bomber Range B-29 bombing ranges US is now in range to bomb Japan effectively
  8. 9. Firebombing Japan 100,000 killed in one night
  9. 10. Invade Japan??? <ul><li>Decision needs to be made – Do we invade Japan. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Estimated it would cost the US 1 MILLION casualties. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Japan not likely to ever surrender </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Possibility that it would only end when every Japanese person was dead </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. The Decision <ul><li>President Harry S Truman decides to use the US’s new secret weapon – the atomic bomb </li></ul>
  11. 12. The Atomic Bomb Most powerful weapon ever created up to that time. Equivalent to 20,000 tons of TNT exploding all at once
  12. 13. Atomic Bombings and the Surrender of Japan <ul><li>Aug 6, 1945: Hiroshima </li></ul><ul><li>Aug 9, 1945: Nagasaki </li></ul>
  13. 15. The Decision to Bomb <ul><li>Hiroshima— bombed August 6, 1945 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dropped by a B29 called the “Enola Gay” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>65,000 dead </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Japanese still refuse to surrender </li></ul></ul>
  14. 16. Hiroshima Before the Bomb
  15. 17. Hiroshima After the Bomb
  16. 21. Melted glass
  17. 22. Permanent “Shadows” made by the light of the blast
  18. 23. All this man left was his shadow
  19. 24. The Second Bomb <ul><li>Nagasaki—bombed Aug. 9, 1945 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>50,000 dead </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Japan announces surrender (August 15 th ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>According to terms of formal surrender, they get to keep their emperor </li></ul></ul>
  20. 26. Japanese Internment (Removal) <ul><li>Japan's alliance with Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy in 1940 focused world attention on the Asian nation's military power and imperial ambition. </li></ul><ul><li>The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 plunged the United States into war and planted the notion of Japanese treachery in the minds of Americans. </li></ul>
  21. 27. <ul><li>On February 19, 1942, President Franklin Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066 authorizing military authorities to exclude &quot;any and all persons&quot; from designated areas of the country as necessary for national defense. </li></ul>
  22. 28. Internment (Camp) <ul><li>By the end of 1942, more than 120,000 men, women, and children of Japanese ancestry had been uprooted from their homes. </li></ul><ul><li>final destinations would be one of 10 camps — &quot;instant cities&quot; — constructed by the War Relocation Authority in seven states. </li></ul><ul><li>Deeply isolated from the rest of America, these &quot;evacuees&quot; — 65 percent of whom were American citizens — would spend up to four years imprisoned, </li></ul>
  23. 29. 442 nd Regiment <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><li>Who was in it? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the purpose of it? </li></ul><ul><li>What were some of its “accomplishments”? </li></ul><ul><li>An account of a Soldier in the 442 nd Regiment… </li></ul><ul><li>Reactions of the 442 nd Regiment… </li></ul><ul><li>Statistics of 106 th Infantry, sector of the 442 nd Regiment </li></ul>By: Valerie Lau
  24. 30. What is it? <ul><li>The 442 nd Regiment, also known as the all- Nisei 442 nd Regimental Combat Team, was part of an elite army who fought faithfully for the United States of America during </li></ul><ul><li>World War II. </li></ul>
  25. 31. What were some of their accomplishments? <ul><li>Most decorated combat unit of war. </li></ul><ul><li>Italian campaign: (1/4 casualties) </li></ul><ul><li>Captured Bruyeres in house-to-house fighting </li></ul><ul><li>Saved the“Lost Battalion” in the Vosges Mountains of Germany </li></ul>

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