Types Of Modern Military Units

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  • 1.
    • Regular
      • Standardized Organization and training (more or less)
      • Paid
    • Irregular
      • Guerrillas
      • No standardization
      • Fight with whatever they have
  • 2.  
  • 3.  
  • 4.
    • Active
      • Full time
      • Tend to be younger
      • May be conscripts (drafted) or professional (volunteer)
    • Reserve
      • Part time
      • Tend to be older
      • Tend to have “hand me down” equipment
      • Often former Active members
      • Usually organized by geographical locations
        • Helps maintain cohesion and esprit
  • 5.
    • Elite
    • Standard / Regular
    • Poor
    • Deals with the morale or spirit of a unit.
    • Morale is a relative thing
      • Impacted by situation, training, age, supplies, unit history etc.
    • One nation’s “Elite” may be another nation’s “Poor”
  • 6. So Which Picture Shows the Elite Force? 1 2 3 4
  • 7.
    • Land Forces
      • Armored
      • Infantry
      • Special
      • Marine
    • Sea Forces
      • Aircraft Carrier Groups
      • Submarines
        • Attack
        • Ballistic Missile
      • Amphibious
        • Marine
        • Special
  • 8.
    • Fighters
    • Bombers
      • Tactical
      • Strategic
    • Reconnaissance
    • Transportation
    • Missile
      • Nuclear
      • Conventional
    • Space?
    • Unmanned?
  • 9. Land Forces
    • Tanks – and plenty of them
      • Big guns
      • Heavy armor
      • Mobility
    • Good in open territory
    • Not as good in close in terrain
      • Cities
      • Woods
      • Mountains
    • Vulnerable w/o infantry support
  • 10.  
  • 11. Divisin’ Artillery? I got a target fer ya’ but yer gonna have to be patient
  • 12. I need a couple o’ guys that don’t owe me no money for a little routine patrol
    • Riflemen who fight on foot
      • Do most of the fighting
      • Do most of the dieing
      • Come in a variety of types
  • 13.
    • Light Infantry –
    • Motorized Infantry
    • Mechanized Infantry
    • Airborne Infantry
    • Air Assault / Air Mobile Infantry
    • Special Infantry
      • Special Forces
      • Ranger / Commando
  • 14.
    • Walk into battle
    • Carry all their gear on their backs
    • Few vehicles
    • Easily transportable
    • Very immobile once on the ground
    • Plenty of “Boots on the Ground” strength.
    Missions: Use when you need a lot of troops. Woods, mountains, cities etc
  • 15. There is nothing “light” about light infantry
  • 16. Infantry that ride into battle in armored vehicles Mission: Support the Tanks
  • 17. Mech Infantry – help tanks lead an armored breakthrough
  • 18.
    • Generally uses Wheeled vehicles
    • Trucks or Wheeled armored vehicles
    • More transportable than tanks and Mech Inf. But less powerful
    • More tactically mobile and powerful than light infantry, but not as easy to move
      • Great for peacekeeping forces
      • Good for screening flanks
  • 19.
    • Strategically Mobile
      • Parachute into battle
    • Tactically Slow
      • Once on the ground – must walk
    • Lightly armed
      • If you cant jump with it, you cant bring it
      • * US and Russia have perfected the art of dropping light tanks by parachute
      • Typical Mission:
        • Go anywhere fast
        • Seize and hold vital terrain
          • Bridges, river crossings
          • Spearhead invasions
  • 20.
    • Carried in helicopters
      • VERY mobile
    • BUT – once on the ground, they walk
    • Missions:
      • Fighting guerrilla wars (take advantage of mobility)
      • Seize key terrain
      • Lead invasions
  • 21.
    • Elite light infantry
    • Shock Troops
    • Often Airborne / Air Assault as well
    • Hard hitting, VERY aggressive
    • Same problems of all Light infantry: few transportation assets
    • Missions:
      • Seize airfields
      • Raids
      • Lead invasions
    • Do the jobs that nobody else can do
  • 22. Typical Ranger Objectives Point du Hoc, Normandy D-Day objective Need to grab an airfield? Call the Rangers
  • 23.
    • Irregular fighters
    • The most elite in the military
    • Often serve as advisors to other armies
    • Help allies train their armies
    • Recruit people to fight our enemies
    • “ THINK OUTSIDE THE BOX” soldiers
  • 24.
    • Special Anti-terrorism unit
    • Specialized in Hostage Rescue
      • D-Force is so secret – it has never been officially acknowledged by the US government
    London, 1980 raid
  • 25. Ships and stuff that goes on the oceans
  • 26.
    • Navy Carrier Battle Group
    • Mission: Control the Seas
      • Only US uses large “Super Carriers”
      • Other nations use smaller “Baby Carriers”
    US Super carrier British Baby Carrier Battle group may cover hundreds of square miles
  • 27.
    • Submarines: two types
    • Attack Submarines
      • Sink enemy ships navy or merchant
      • Deny enemy freedom of the seas
      • Protect carriers from enemy subs
      • Launch missiles at ships or land targets
      • Hunt down and destroy enemy Ballistic Missile Submarines
  • 28.
    • Ballistic Missile Submarines
      • Carry Nuclear Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles (ICBMs)
      • Capable of destroying ANYTHING and EVERYTHING.
    • Mission
      • 1 Deterrence
        • Stay undetected
          • The enemy never knows where you are.
          • If they cant find you, they cant kill you.
      • 2 Nuclear Response
        • Even if enemy hits your homeland, the subs are still available – to launch retaliatory strike
  • 29.
      • The Navy’s Infantry
      • Special Assault Troops
      • -Specialize in Amphibious Assaults
      • Seize beaches, ports, small islands
  • 30.
    • Navy SEALS
    • Naval Special Forces Units
    • Small units.
    • Can go by SE a, A ir or L and
    • Missions:
    • Recon Beaches before landings
      • Ensure beaches can support landing vehicles
      • Blow up beach obstacles
    • Raid Coastal Areas
      • Secure Ocean Oil platforms, Merchant Ships, etc
      • Blow up enemy naval port facilities
    • Rescue Hostages on Ships
  • 31. Air Force Units Strategic Bombers Destroy large targets cities, large formations of troops Drop nukes “ When it absolutely, positively HAS to be destroyed overnight” B-52 Bomber B2 Stealth Bomber B1 Bomber
  • 32. Conventional Bombing Attack Results
  • 33.  
  • 34.  
  • 35. Tactical Fighter / Bombers Destroy “point” target - bridges small targets etc Fighters -Fight off enemy planes Protect airspace Fastest planes on earth Fighter breaking the sound barrier
  • 36.
    • Reconnaissance Aircraft
      • Take Photos to help planning
      • High or low level methods
  • 37.
    • Transport Aircraft
      • Haul Stuff
      • Haul People
      • Drop Stuff
      • Drop People
  • 38. Missiles Nuclear or Conventional ICBM (Intercontinental Ballistic Missile) Very Long Range Nuclear Missiles “ City Busters” Once launched – there is no turning back If these ever fly – game over.
  • 39.
    • Space:
      • Satellites can take recon photos
        • Spy on enemies
      • Provide GPS
        • keep track of where you are
    • Communication
      • talk to anyone, anywhere, anytime