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The French Revolution
 

The French Revolution

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Contains basic information about the events of the French Revolution for our 9th grade class.

Contains basic information about the events of the French Revolution for our 9th grade class.

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  • Do the estates simulation. Two reps for 1 st and 2 nd estate. Everyone else in 3 rd . Have a vote on extra credit for 1 st and 2 nd estates. Third will always lose.

The French Revolution The French Revolution Presentation Transcript

  • The French Revolution From Louis XVI - Napoleon
  • Setting the Stage
    • 1788 King Louis XVI needs cash
      • France bankrupt
        • Fighting the British during the 7 Years War (French and Indian War)
        • Supported America during the American Revolution
        • Upkeep on Palace of Versailles
  • Background Causes 12/18/09
  • Louis Calls the Estates-General
    • Estates General
      • Similar to Parliament
      • Representatives from each of the 3 classes of French society
    1 st Estate - Clergy 2nd Estate - Nobles 3rd Estate – Everyone else - bourgeoisie - artists, farmers, Peasants, city workers etc
  • Estates General
    • 1 st Estate has 300 members and one vote
    • 2 nd Estate has 300 members and one vote
    • 3 rd Estate has 600 members and one vote
      • How do you feel about this if you are in the 3 rd Estate???
      • WHY?
  • Demand for Change
    • 3 rd Estate wants to change voting procedures.
      • Want to establish a National Assembly where EACH representative has a vote.
  • King Louis XVI’s Response
    • Get the idea??
    NADA!!! No!!, No Way!!! Aint gonna happen!!!, Forgetaboutit!!! Nope!!! Uh-uh!!! Not on my watch!!! Not here, not now, not ever!!!
  • 3 rd Estate Response
    • May 1788 -Representatives meet on an indoor tennis court and pledged that they would not leave until the king agrees to their demands
      • “ The Tennis Court Oath”
        • Like a big “sit in”
    • Embarrassing situation for the king
      • Why?
    • King finally agrees
    • Establishment of The National Assembly
  • Bastille Day
    • July 1788 French farmers, peasants do not have enough to eat and are paying high taxes
      • Nobles out of touch (“Let them eat cake”)
      • People can not afford food
    • Peasants getting a bit rowdy
    • Louis XVI starts assembling troops at Versailles
    • People fear he is planning to attack the new National Assembly and arrest members
  • Bastille Day continued
    • People in Paris hear about the troops
      • Begin to riot.
      • July 14, 1788 - Attack the Bastille – fortress prison in Paris.
        • Seen as a symbol of Kings power
        • People storm the prison, free the prisoners, take guns and ammo.
  • Then Now The Bastille
  • Declaration of the Rights of Man
    • National Assembly votes to eliminate all classes, titles, nobility.
      • Say nobles and clergy must pay taxes too
    • Serves as a basis for French Constitution
      • “ Liberty, Equality, Fraternity”
  • Revolution gets out of hand
    • Riots soon spread to countryside
      • Peasants attack nobles in their houses. Kill many nobles
      • Nobles and Clergy living in fear
        • “A Tale of Two Cities” is set in this time period
  • Revolution Getting out of Control
    • King Louis XVI attempts to flee the country with his wife Marie Antoinette
    • Captured and brought back
    • Radicals (Jacobins) getting more say in how the government should be run
  • We better stop this This is getting out of hand The killed their King!!! This is not good
    • 1792-1793 Other nations of Europe worry that revolution in France will spread to their countries.
  • Other nations invade France
      • Austria, Prussia (Germany), Spain, Britain, wage war on France.
      • French fight them off
    • Radicals in France gain even more power
  • Rule of Revolution #2
    • “ In the midst of chaos, the one who comes out on top is the one who is most organized and willing to speak out.”
            • Mr. J
  • Radicals Gain Control
    • Maxmilian Robespierre and the “Committee for Public Safety”
      • Begin hunting down all those seen as a threat to the Revolution
      • 1793 Louis and Marie sent to the guillotine
  • “ Reign of Terror”
      • “ Reign of Terror” Begins
        • Around 30,000 people eventually sent to the guillotine
        • Nobles, peasants, workers - anyone Robespierre saw as a threat to the revolution
  •  
  • End of Reign of Terror
    • 1794 – National Convention feels Robespierre has gone over the line
      • He is arrested, tried, convicted and executed
      • Don’t you just love the irony of it all???
  • Impact of the Revolution
    • Monarchy is gone
    • Old feudal customs are gone
    • Slavery in French colonies abolished
    • France becomes democratic country
      • The Directory
        • 2 house legislature and committee of 5 Directors
      • Inefficient, quarrelsome,
      • It does not really work
    • France has LARGE, experienced army
      • Rising young star in that army – Napoleon Bonaparte