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The Crusades
 

The Crusades

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A little presentation for our Western Civ class.

A little presentation for our Western Civ class.
We read the Blind Men and the Elephant as part of this lesson as well, and discuss the analogy.

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    The Crusades The Crusades Presentation Transcript

    • The Crusades
    • The Crusades - Competing Religions
      • .
        • For Jews - city where King David ruled and where the great Temple had stood.
        • For Christians- city where Jesus had lived, preached, and been crucified.
        • For Muslims - where their leader, Mohammed, ascended into heaven
      Jerusalem - special city for three religions-
    •  
    •  
    • CRUSADES – The Background
      • Full of people from all three religions who lived there in peace. Visitors came by the thousands from all over the western world to visit the holy places in Jerusalem.
      • Suddenly, in 1071 AD, a group of Muslims called Seljuk Turks, stopped allowing Christian visitors to come into Jerusalem at all .
    •  
    • The Crusades
      • Events leading to Crusade #1
        • Pope Gregory VII planned to reunite Roman and Byzantine Churches by organizing a holy war from Spain to Asia. He would send the Byzantines an army of western knights, which he would lead himself
        • Gregory died before he could pull it off.
    •  
    • The Crusades
        • (1095) Byzantine Emperor Alexius asks Pope Urban II for military help against the Turks
    • Help us Urban – you are our only hope Don’t Worry. I will send and army
        • Nobles rally to Popes call
        • Why kill fellow Europeans when you can kill strangers called Muslims?
        • If you die in battle, you will go straight to Heaven – no waiting!
    • Let’s Get EM!! Yeah!!!! Lets rock and roll! I’m going to be RICH! My sins will all be forgiven
        • You can keep any money you find, or land you take
    •  
        • Peasants rally to call of “Peter the Hermit”
          • recruited an undisciplined mob of peasants, including women and children
          • Thought life would be better in Jerusalem
            • After all, how bad can the land of God be?
      Not this kind of hermit The “Other” Army
    • Peter the Hermit and Walter the Penniless set out for Jerusalem
    • We are all following Peter the Hermit. Next stop – Jerusalem. Anyone know how to get there? Can I bring my goat?
    • Peter and His Mob
        • Byzantines hoped for a well-trained army
    • What they got was something else
      • Byzantines were appalled by Peter's mob. Mobs steal everything not nailed down. Pent up peasant frustrations. Byzantium is a very rich place compared to what they are used to.
      Peter’s Band of Looters and Thieves
    • The End of Peter and Company
      • Byzantines move them out of Constantinople as fast as possible.
      Eventually Peter and his followers get massacred in Asia Minor (modern day Turkey) by the Seljuk Turks
    •  
    • Crusading Nobles
        • Meanwhile – Nobles gather for a coordinated effort to retake Jerusalem
        • Conquer Muslims who had taken over parts of Byzantine Empire.
        • Alexius allows crusaders to carve out principalities for themselves from Turkish occupied land
          • Required each European lord to take an oath of loyalty to him upon their arrival
    • Crusading Nobles
        • Next Phase of the Operation:
          • Cross Asia Minor. Conquer Antioch and then take Jerusalem.
          • Wholesale rape, pillage and slaughter ensues in the city.
          • Read “The Capture of Jerusalem”
    •  
    • The Aftermath
      • Eventually, most knights return home to Europe.
        • Few stay in the Middle East
      • Knights bring back goods and ideas found in Middle East
      • Jerusalem falls to Muslim forces again
    • Ideas and “Stuff” brought back from Crusades
      • Arabic words
      • Mathematics
      • Scientific ideas
      • Engineering and Architectural concepts
      • Medical knowledge
      • Geographical knowledge
      • Goods from Asia and India
        • Silk, spices, cotton, pasta,
      • Great desire to find ways to get to Asia
    • Effects of the Crusades on Europe
      • Increased trade with the Middle East and Byzantine Empire
      • Growth of money economy
      • Increased power of the monarchs.
      • Increased power of the Church
      • Wider world view – new inventions / ideas brought back.
      • Europeans want more stuff from Asia
        • Age of Exploration Begins