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Romanticism

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Lesson on Romanticism

Lesson on Romanticism

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  • 1. Artistic and Literary Movements Of the 17 th , 18 th , and early 19 th Centuries
  • 2. Romanticism Artwork Based on Emotion
  • 3.
    • II.   Characteristics of Romanticism
    • Emphasis on emotion rather than reason as the message of artistic work
      • Romanticism: Less about the “message” and more about the “emotion”
      • Human beings are emotional (vs. Enlightenment rationality)
          • idealizes individual freedoms
            • Political
            • Personal
            • Spontaneity
  • 4. Literature
    • Rebelliousness / “Anti-hero”
      • Lord Byron
    • Stress on the heroic / adventure
      • Alexandre Dumas – “The Count of Monte Cristo” “The Three Musketeers” “The Man in the Iron Mask”
      • Leo Tolstoy – War and Peace (Russia fighting Napoleon)
    • Preoccupation with sentiment and suffering
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – “Faust” (guy who sells his soul to the devil)
  • 5.
    • Literature continued:
      • An attraction to the bizarre & unusual (science fiction?)
        • Mary Shelley; Victor Hugo – What did They write?
  • 6.
    • Belief in the evolution of political and social institutions--led to an interest in the study of history!
      • Sir Walter Scott – “Ivanhoe”, “Rob Roy”
        • (emphasis on Medieval figures and stories)
  • 7. Music
    • Music: Individualism
      • The piano sonata becomes popular: Franz Liszt
      • Wagner – emphasizes Germanic mythology
        • “ ride of the valkeries”
  • 8.
    • Nationalism influenced music
      • Patriotic music popular
        • Tchaikovsky, Wagner,Verdi
      • Literature, Other musical movements
      • Berlioz, creator of modern symphony orchestra
      • Symphonies—changed from classical, longer
      • The solo performer—violinists, pianists
      • Themes were long and lyrical
      • Waltzes and other popular dance music
  • 9. Romanticism Painting concept that expresses Emotion
  • 10. John Constable Edge of a Wood   1801
  • 11. Horace Vernet  Battle of Pirates, Sunrise 1818
  • 12. Thomas Cole, 1839, Italian Landscape Hudson River School
  • 13. Francisco Goya 1823 Saturn Devouring His Son
  • 14. J.M.W. Turner, 1840, Slave Ship
  • 15. Albert Bierstadt, 1863, The Rocky Mountains, Lander’s Peak                                                                             
  • 16. Winslow Homer, 1876, Cotton Pickers Now we are into REALISM
  • 17. The Stone-Breakers, oil on canvas by Gustave Courbet, 1849–50
  • 18. Impressionism - interested in the effects of color -based on observation, not interested in politics or religion -"art for art's sake" -used broken color, rather than flat Starry Night 1889 Vincent Van Gogh
  • 19. Painted by Claude Monet
  • 20.  

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