Psych Chap11 Teens 08
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An overview of Chap 11 - adolescence

An overview of Chap 11 - adolescence

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Psych Chap11 Teens 08 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Adolescence Chap 11
  • 2. Physical and Psychological Growth Period
    • Growth spurts may lead to feelings of awkwardness for teens
      • Girls start earlier than boys
        • 9-12 yrs growth begins
      • Boys
        • 11-15 major periods of growth
      • Times may be VERY different for each individual
  • 3. Early vs Late Maturers
    • Girls : Early maturation difficult.
      • Awkwardness
      • Self conscious
    • Boys: Early
      • Confidence boost
      • Ego enhancing
    • Girls: Late
      • High self esteem
      • Maturing at same rate as boys. Makes things easier
    • Boys: Late
      • Awkward
      • Insecurity
    Eventually it all works out
  • 4. Teen Problems
    • Girls tend to have more difficulties
      • Weight issues - Eating Disorders
        • “ Barbie syndome” - “I’m fat”
          • Bulimia - Binging and Purging
            • Can be deadly.
            • Often they “see” a “fat” person when looking in the mirror, even if they are severely underweight
          • Anorexia - stops eating altogether
            • Potentially fatal
            • 95% of anorexics are female teenagers
  • 5. Rites of Passage
    • Getting the Driver’s License
      • Freedom
      • Responsibility
    • Prom Night
    • Part Time Jobs
    • Graduating
  • 6. Peer Groups
    • Erikson’s Identity vs Alienation Stage
      • Teens want to know who they are
      • First we figure out what groups to belong to
        • What kind of cliques do we see in school?
      • Next we figure out our OWN self identity
        • What am I going to do in life?
          • Work, life, social life, activity level
    • Sometimes we rush things to fast
      • No need to get married at 18.
  • 7. James Marcia
    • Identity Forclosure: Teens who have been labeled and are stuck with it
      • You are a troublemaker - you will always be a troublemaker
      • OR
        • Make no decisions about their own life
        • Decisions were all made for them
          • “ Son, you are going to Harvard and becoming a doctor. ALL the Winchester men have gone to Harvard and become doctors.”
  • 8. Marcia’s Identity Diffusion
    • Not really searching for what to do in life or where to go.
      • A wanderer
      • No real commitment to anything
      • Not really searching for anything
    “ I think I’ll take time off and just veg, play my guitar and be one with nature”
  • 9. Marcia’s Moratorium
    • Teens constantly soul searching for what they should do or be
      • Searching but not committing to anything
  • 10. Marcia’s Identity Achievement
    • Teens who Find their identity
      • Know what they want to do, be and are happy with it
  • 11. How teens think
    • “I am immortal”
    • Tend to be more idealistic
      • Your parents were too, before things like mortgage, taxes, tuition, bills and responsibilities took over.
  • 12. Generation Gap
    • Most difficult in early years - 11-14 yrs
    • Did not exist 100 yrs ago
      • Because teens were out of the house earlier
  • 13. Juvenile Delinquency
    • Causes:
      • Aggressive, irresponsible father
      • Chaotic family life (more than usual)
      • Violent family life
      • Failure of parents to provide guidelines and limits
    • Better parental preparation can help