Psych Chap11 Teens 08


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An overview of Chap 11 - adolescence

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Psych Chap11 Teens 08

  1. 1. Adolescence Chap 11
  2. 2. Physical and Psychological Growth Period <ul><li>Growth spurts may lead to feelings of awkwardness for teens </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Girls start earlier than boys </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>9-12 yrs growth begins </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Boys </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>11-15 major periods of growth </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Times may be VERY different for each individual </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Early vs Late Maturers <ul><li>Girls : Early maturation difficult. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Awkwardness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Self conscious </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Boys: Early </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Confidence boost </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ego enhancing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Girls: Late </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High self esteem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maturing at same rate as boys. Makes things easier </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Boys: Late </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Awkward </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insecurity </li></ul></ul>Eventually it all works out
  4. 4. Teen Problems <ul><li>Girls tend to have more difficulties </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Weight issues - Eating Disorders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Barbie syndome” - “I’m fat” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bulimia - Binging and Purging </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can be deadly. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Often they “see” a “fat” person when looking in the mirror, even if they are severely underweight </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Anorexia - stops eating altogether </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Potentially fatal </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>95% of anorexics are female teenagers </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Rites of Passage <ul><li>Getting the Driver’s License </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Responsibility </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Prom Night </li></ul><ul><li>Part Time Jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Graduating </li></ul>
  6. 6. Peer Groups <ul><li>Erikson’s Identity vs Alienation Stage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teens want to know who they are </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First we figure out what groups to belong to </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What kind of cliques do we see in school? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Next we figure out our OWN self identity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What am I going to do in life? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Work, life, social life, activity level </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Sometimes we rush things to fast </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No need to get married at 18. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. James Marcia <ul><li>Identity Forclosure: Teens who have been labeled and are stuck with it </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You are a troublemaker - you will always be a troublemaker </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Make no decisions about their own life </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Decisions were all made for them </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Son, you are going to Harvard and becoming a doctor. ALL the Winchester men have gone to Harvard and become doctors.” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Marcia’s Identity Diffusion <ul><li>Not really searching for what to do in life or where to go. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A wanderer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No real commitment to anything </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not really searching for anything </li></ul></ul>“ I think I’ll take time off and just veg, play my guitar and be one with nature”
  9. 9. Marcia’s Moratorium <ul><li>Teens constantly soul searching for what they should do or be </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Searching but not committing to anything </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Marcia’s Identity Achievement <ul><li>Teens who Find their identity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Know what they want to do, be and are happy with it </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. How teens think <ul><li>“I am immortal” </li></ul><ul><li>Tend to be more idealistic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Your parents were too, before things like mortgage, taxes, tuition, bills and responsibilities took over. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Generation Gap <ul><li>Most difficult in early years - 11-14 yrs </li></ul><ul><li>Did not exist 100 yrs ago </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Because teens were out of the house earlier </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Juvenile Delinquency <ul><li>Causes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aggressive, irresponsible father </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chaotic family life (more than usual) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Violent family life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Failure of parents to provide guidelines and limits </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Better parental preparation can help </li></ul>