Principles of War - Napoleonic Warfare

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This covers the basic Principles of War we use in our War and Peace class. It includes a map layout in which students can diagram the principles as we go through them.

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Principles of War - Napoleonic Warfare

  1. 1. The Principles of War
  2. 2. Napoleonic Warfare Principles of War
  3. 3. First – a note about military symbology <ul><li>Infantry (foot soldiers with muskets) </li></ul><ul><li>Cavalry (horsemen with swords) </li></ul><ul><li>Artillery (cannons) </li></ul>or
  4. 4. US Army’s Principles of War “MUSS-MOOSE” <ul><li>Mass </li></ul><ul><li>Unity of Command </li></ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul><ul><li>Surprise </li></ul><ul><li>Maneuver </li></ul><ul><li>Objective </li></ul><ul><li>Offensive </li></ul><ul><li>Simplicity </li></ul><ul><li>Economy of Force </li></ul>
  5. 5. Objective <ul><li>Identify the one thing that will enable you to win the battle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>May be terrain feature, enemy unit, time, psychological aspect, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Without an identifiable objective you WILL lose. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. West Woods East Woods North Artillery Range Musket Range Walled Farm Donovan’s Ridge Ford Ford
  7. 7. Mass <ul><li>Mass – concentrate power at the decisive place and time (maximize your firepower) </li></ul>This is going to hurt
  8. 8. North Artillery Range Musket Range
  9. 9. Economy of Force <ul><li>Use minimum energy/ forces in non-critical areas. </li></ul>Main effort Secondary effort
  10. 10. North Artillery Range Musket Range
  11. 11. Maneuver <ul><li>Moving to put your enemy </li></ul><ul><li>at a disadvantage </li></ul>
  12. 12. North Artillery Range Musket Range
  13. 13. Security <ul><li>Keep the enemy from gaining information about you </li></ul>Your Army Keep enemy cavalry away
  14. 14. North Artillery Range Musket Range
  15. 15. Security (Intelligence) I wonder who is Behind those Trees… Locates a hole and reports back Finds enemy and reports back Finds enemy
  16. 16. North Artillery Range Musket Range
  17. 17. <ul><li>Hiring boats $100 </li></ul><ul><li>Winter Clothing $100 </li></ul><ul><li>Ammunition $1000 </li></ul><ul><li>Catching the British off guard on Christmas during a blizzard </li></ul><ul><li>PRICELESS </li></ul>Surprise
  18. 18. Unity of Command <ul><li>One person in charge. Not “rule by committee” </li></ul><ul><li>Not democratic </li></ul>
  19. 19. Now, Plan Your Own Battle - when units fight – who wins? Attackers Cavalry Infantry Infantry Square Artillery Cavalry Even Cavalry wins Cavalry retreats Cavalry wins Infantry Cavalry wins Even Square loses Infantry wins Artillery Artillery wins Artillery wins Artillery wins even
  20. 20. How they fight Usually in lines - MASS men together for better firepower In squares – to protect against cavalry charges
  21. 21. The Battle of Waterloo You Decide!

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