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Modern Military Forces notes
 

Modern Military Forces notes

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Notes for our War and Peace class about modern military forces

Notes for our War and Peace class about modern military forces

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    Modern Military Forces notes Modern Military Forces notes Presentation Transcript

    • Types of Units
      Regular
      Standardized Organization and training (more or less)
      Paid
      Irregular
      Guerrillas
      No standardization
      Fight with whatever they have
    • Regular Units
    • Irregular Units
    • Active / Reserve Units
      Active
      Full time
      Tend to be younger
      May be conscripts (drafted) or professional (volunteer)
      Reserve
      Part time
      Tend to be older
      Tend to have “hand me down” equipment
      Often former Active members
      Usually organized by geographical locations
      Helps maintain cohesion and esprit
    • Capabilities of Units
      Elite
      Standard / Regular
      Poor
      Deals with the morale or spirit of a unit.
      Morale is a relative thing
      Impacted by situation, training, age, supplies, unit history etc.
      One nation’s “Elite” may be another nation’s “Poor”
    • 1
      2
      So Which Picture Shows the Elite Force?
      4
      3
    • Types of Modern Units
      • Sea Forces
      • Aircraft Carrier Groups
      • Submarines
      • Attack
      • Ballistic Missile
      • Amphibious
      • Marine
      • Special Ops
      Land Forces
      Armored
      Infantry
      Special Ops
      Marine
    • Air Forces
      Fighters
      Bombers
      Tactical
      Strategic
      Reconnaissance
      Transportation
      Missile
      Nuclear
      Conventional
      Space?
      Unmanned?
    • Land Forces
      Armored Division
      • Tanks – and plenty of them
      • Big guns
      • Heavy armor
      • Mobility
      • Good in open territory
      • Not as good in close in terrain
      • Cities
      • Woods
      • Mountains
      • Vulnerable w/o infantry support
    • Divisin’ Artillery? I got a target ferya’ but yergonna have to be patient
    • The Infantry
      • Riflemen who fight onthe ground
      • Do most of the fighting
      • Do most of the dieing
      • Come in a variety of types
      I need a couple o’ guys that don’t owe me no money for a little routine patrol
    • Types of Infantry
      Light Infantry –
      Motorized Infantry
      Mechanized Infantry
      Airborne Infantry
      Air Assault / Air Mobile Infantry
      Special Infantry
      Special Forces
      Ranger / Commando
    • Light Infantry
      • Walk into battle
      • Carry all their gear on their backs
      • Few vehicles
      • Easily transportable
      • Very immobile once on the ground
      • Plenty of “Boots on the Ground” strength.
      Missions: Use when you need a lot of troops.
      Woods, mountains, cities etc
    • There is nothing “light” about light infantry
    • Mechanized Infantry
      Infantry that ride into battle in armored vehicles
      Mission: Support the Tanks
    • Mech Infantry – help tanks lead an armored breakthrough
    • Motorized Infantry
      • Generally uses Wheeled vehicles
      • Trucks or Wheeled armored vehicles
      • More transportable than tanks and Mech Inf. But less powerful
      • More tactically mobile and powerful than light infantry, but not as easy to move
      • Great for peacekeeping forces
      • Good for screening flanks
    • Airborne
      • Strategically Mobile
      • Parachute into battle
      • Tactically Slow
      • Once on the ground – must walk
      • Lightly armed
      • If you cantfit it out the door, you cant bring it
      • * US and Russia have perfected the art of dropping light tanks by parachute
      • Typical Mission:
      • Go anywhere fast
      • Seize and hold vital terrain
      • Bridges, river crossings
      • Spearhead invasions
    • Air Assault / Air Mobile
      • Carried in helicopters
      • VERY mobile
      • BUT – once on the ground, they walk
      • Missions:
      • Fighting guerrilla wars (take advantage of mobility)
      • Seize key terrain
      • Lead invasions
    • Ranger / Commando
      • Elite light infantry
      • Shock Troops
      • Often Airborne / Air Assault as well
      • Hard hitting, VERY aggressive
      • Same problems of all Light infantry: few transportation assets
      • Missions:
      • Seize airfields
      • Raids
      • Lead invasions
      • Do the jobs that nobody else can do
    • Typical Ranger Objectives
      Point du Hoc, Normandy
      D-Day objective
      Need to grab an airfield?
      Call the Rangers
    • Special Forces
      • Irregular fighters
      • The most elite in the military
      • Often serve as advisors to other armies
      • Help allies train their armies
      • Recruit people to fight our enemies
      • The real “THINK OUTSIDE THE BOX” soldiers
    • Delta Force / SAS / GSG-9
      • Special Anti-terrorism units
      • Specialized in Hostage Rescue
      • D-Force is so secret – it has never been officially acknowledged by the US government
      London, 1980 raid
    • Naval Forces
      Ships and stuff that goes on the oceans
    • Navy Carrier Battle Group
      Mission: Control the Seas
      • Only US uses large “Super Carriers”
      • Other nations use smaller “Baby Carriers”
      US Super carrier
      Battle group may cover hundreds of square miles
      British Baby Carrier
    • Submarines: two types
      Attack Submarines
      • Sink enemy ships navy or merchant
      • Deny enemy freedom of the seas
      • Protect carriers from enemy subs
      • Launch missiles at ships or land targets
      • Hunt down and destroy enemy Ballistic Missile Submarines
      • Ballistic Missile Submarines
      • Carry Nuclear Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles (ICBMs)
      • Capable of destroying ANYTHING and EVERYTHING.
      • Mission
      • 1 Deterrence
      • Stay undetected
      • The enemy never knows where you are.
      • If they cant find you, they cant kill you.
      • 2 Nuclear Response
      • Even if enemy hits your homeland, the subs are still available – to launch retaliatory strike
    • Marines
      • The Navy’s Infantry
      • Special Assault Troops
      • -Specialize in Amphibious Assaults
      • Seize beaches, ports, small islands
    • Navy SEALS
      • Naval Special Forces Units
      • Small units.
      • Can go by SEa, Air or Land
      Missions:
      • Recon Beaches before landings
      • Ensure beaches can support landing vehicles
      • Blow up beach obstacles
      • Raid Coastal Areas
      • Secure Ocean Oil platforms, Merchant Ships, etc
      • Blow up enemy naval port facilities
      • Rescue Hostages on Ships
    • Air Force Units
      Strategic Bombers
      Destroy large targets
      cities, large formations of troops
      Drop nukes
      B2 Stealth Bomber
      B1 Bomber
      B-52 Bomber
      “When it absolutely, positively HAS to be destroyed overnight”
    • Conventional Bombing Attack Results
    • Tactical Fighter / Bombers
      Destroy “point” target - bridges small targets etc
      Fighters -Fight off enemy planes
      Protect airspace
      Fastest planes on earth
      Fighter breaking the sound barrier
      • Reconnaissance Aircraft
      • Take Photos to help planning
      • High or low level methods
    • Transport Aircraft
      Haul Stuff
      Haul People
      Drop Stuff
      Drop People
    • Missiles
      Nuclear or Conventional
      ICBM (Intercontinental Ballistic Missile)
      Very Long Range Nuclear Missiles
      “City Busters”
      Once launched – there is no turning back
      If these ever fly – game over.
      • Space:
      • Satellites can take recon photos
      • Spy on enemies
      • Provide GPS
      • keep track of where you are
      • Communication
      • talk to anyone, anywhere, anytime