Modern Military Forces notes
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Modern Military Forces notes

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Notes for our War and Peace class about modern military forces

Notes for our War and Peace class about modern military forces

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  • 1. Types of Units
    Regular
    Standardized Organization and training (more or less)
    Paid
    Irregular
    Guerrillas
    No standardization
    Fight with whatever they have
  • 2. Regular Units
  • 3. Irregular Units
  • 4. Active / Reserve Units
    Active
    Full time
    Tend to be younger
    May be conscripts (drafted) or professional (volunteer)
    Reserve
    Part time
    Tend to be older
    Tend to have “hand me down” equipment
    Often former Active members
    Usually organized by geographical locations
    Helps maintain cohesion and esprit
  • 5. Capabilities of Units
    Elite
    Standard / Regular
    Poor
    Deals with the morale or spirit of a unit.
    Morale is a relative thing
    Impacted by situation, training, age, supplies, unit history etc.
    One nation’s “Elite” may be another nation’s “Poor”
  • 6. 1
    2
    So Which Picture Shows the Elite Force?
    4
    3
  • 7. Types of Modern Units
    Land Forces
    Armored
    Infantry
    Special Ops
    Marine
  • 15. Air Forces
    Fighters
    Bombers
    Tactical
    Strategic
    Reconnaissance
    Transportation
    Missile
    Nuclear
    Conventional
    Space?
    Unmanned?
  • 16. Land Forces
    Armored Division
  • 26. Divisin’ Artillery? I got a target ferya’ but yergonna have to be patient
  • 27. The Infantry
    • Riflemen who fight onthe ground
    • 28. Do most of the fighting
    • 29. Do most of the dieing
    • 30. Come in a variety of types
    I need a couple o’ guys that don’t owe me no money for a little routine patrol
  • 31. Types of Infantry
    Light Infantry –
    Motorized Infantry
    Mechanized Infantry
    Airborne Infantry
    Air Assault / Air Mobile Infantry
    Special Infantry
    Special Forces
    Ranger / Commando
  • 32. Light Infantry
    • Walk into battle
    • 33. Carry all their gear on their backs
    • 34. Few vehicles
    • 35. Easily transportable
    • 36. Very immobile once on the ground
    • 37. Plenty of “Boots on the Ground” strength.
    Missions: Use when you need a lot of troops.
    Woods, mountains, cities etc
  • 38. There is nothing “light” about light infantry
  • 39. Mechanized Infantry
    Infantry that ride into battle in armored vehicles
    Mission: Support the Tanks
  • 40. Mech Infantry – help tanks lead an armored breakthrough
  • 41. Motorized Infantry
    • Generally uses Wheeled vehicles
    • 42. Trucks or Wheeled armored vehicles
    • 43. More transportable than tanks and Mech Inf. But less powerful
    • 44. More tactically mobile and powerful than light infantry, but not as easy to move
    • 45. Great for peacekeeping forces
    • 46. Good for screening flanks
  • Airborne
    • Strategically Mobile
    • 47. Parachute into battle
    • 48. Tactically Slow
    • 49. Once on the ground – must walk
    • 50. Lightly armed
    • 51. If you cantfit it out the door, you cant bring it
    • 52. * US and Russia have perfected the art of dropping light tanks by parachute
    • 53. Typical Mission:
    • 54. Go anywhere fast
    • 55. Seize and hold vital terrain
    • 56. Bridges, river crossings
    • 57. Spearhead invasions
  • Air Assault / Air Mobile
    • Carried in helicopters
    • 58. VERY mobile
    • 59. BUT – once on the ground, they walk
    • 60. Missions:
    • 61. Fighting guerrilla wars (take advantage of mobility)
    • 62. Seize key terrain
    • 63. Lead invasions
  • Ranger / Commando
    • Elite light infantry
    • 64. Shock Troops
    • 65. Often Airborne / Air Assault as well
    • 66. Hard hitting, VERY aggressive
    • 67. Same problems of all Light infantry: few transportation assets
    • 68. Missions:
    • 69. Seize airfields
    • 70. Raids
    • 71. Lead invasions
    • 72. Do the jobs that nobody else can do
  • Typical Ranger Objectives
    Point du Hoc, Normandy
    D-Day objective
    Need to grab an airfield?
    Call the Rangers
  • 73. Special Forces
    • Irregular fighters
    • 74. The most elite in the military
    • 75. Often serve as advisors to other armies
    • 76. Help allies train their armies
    • 77. Recruit people to fight our enemies
    • 78. The real “THINK OUTSIDE THE BOX” soldiers
  • Delta Force / SAS / GSG-9
    • Special Anti-terrorism units
    • 79. Specialized in Hostage Rescue
    • 80. D-Force is so secret – it has never been officially acknowledged by the US government
    London, 1980 raid
  • 81. Naval Forces
    Ships and stuff that goes on the oceans
  • 82. Navy Carrier Battle Group
    Mission: Control the Seas
    • Only US uses large “Super Carriers”
    • 83. Other nations use smaller “Baby Carriers”
    US Super carrier
    Battle group may cover hundreds of square miles
    British Baby Carrier
  • 84. Submarines: two types
    Attack Submarines
    • Sink enemy ships navy or merchant
    • 85. Deny enemy freedom of the seas
    • 86. Protect carriers from enemy subs
    • 87. Launch missiles at ships or land targets
    • 88. Hunt down and destroy enemy Ballistic Missile Submarines
    • Ballistic Missile Submarines
    • 89. Carry Nuclear Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles (ICBMs)
    • 90. Capable of destroying ANYTHING and EVERYTHING.
    • 91. Mission
    • 92. 1 Deterrence
    • 93. Stay undetected
    • 94. The enemy never knows where you are.
    • 95. If they cant find you, they cant kill you.
    • 96. 2 Nuclear Response
    • 97. Even if enemy hits your homeland, the subs are still available – to launch retaliatory strike
  • Marines
    • The Navy’s Infantry
    • 98. Special Assault Troops
    • 99. -Specialize in Amphibious Assaults
    • 100. Seize beaches, ports, small islands
  • Navy SEALS
    • Naval Special Forces Units
    • 101. Small units.
    • 102. Can go by SEa, Air or Land
    Missions:
    • Recon Beaches before landings
    • 103. Ensure beaches can support landing vehicles
    • 104. Blow up beach obstacles
    • 105. Raid Coastal Areas
    • 106. Secure Ocean Oil platforms, Merchant Ships, etc
    • 107. Blow up enemy naval port facilities
    • 108. Rescue Hostages on Ships
  • Air Force Units
    Strategic Bombers
    Destroy large targets
    cities, large formations of troops
    Drop nukes
    B2 Stealth Bomber
    B1 Bomber
    B-52 Bomber
    “When it absolutely, positively HAS to be destroyed overnight”
  • 109. Conventional Bombing Attack Results
  • 110.
  • 111.
  • 112. Tactical Fighter / Bombers
    Destroy “point” target - bridges small targets etc
    Fighters -Fight off enemy planes
    Protect airspace
    Fastest planes on earth
    Fighter breaking the sound barrier
  • 113.
    • Reconnaissance Aircraft
    • 114. Take Photos to help planning
    • 115. High or low level methods
  • Transport Aircraft
    Haul Stuff
    Haul People
    Drop Stuff
    Drop People
  • 116. Missiles
    Nuclear or Conventional
    ICBM (Intercontinental Ballistic Missile)
    Very Long Range Nuclear Missiles
    “City Busters”
    Once launched – there is no turning back
    If these ever fly – game over.
  • 117.