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Types of Units<br />Regular<br />Standardized Organization and training (more or less)<br />Paid<br />Irregular<br />Guerr...
Regular Units<br />
Irregular Units<br />
 Active / Reserve Units<br />Active<br />Full time<br />Tend to be younger<br />May be conscripts (drafted) or professiona...
Capabilities of Units<br />Elite<br />Standard / Regular<br />Poor<br />Deals with the morale or spirit of a unit.<br />Mo...
1<br />2<br />So Which Picture Shows the Elite Force?<br />4<br />3<br />
Types of Modern Units<br /><ul><li>Sea Forces
Aircraft Carrier Groups
Submarines
Attack
Ballistic Missile
Amphibious
Marine
Special Ops</li></ul>Land Forces<br />Armored<br />Infantry<br />Special Ops<br />Marine<br />
Air Forces<br />Fighters<br />Bombers<br />Tactical<br />Strategic<br />Reconnaissance<br />Transportation<br />Missile<br...
Land Forces<br />Armored Division<br /><ul><li>Tanks – and plenty of them
Big guns
Heavy armor
Mobility
Good in open territory
Not as good in close in terrain
Cities
Woods
Mountains
Vulnerable w/o infantry support</li></li></ul><li>
Divisin’ Artillery?  I got a target ferya’ but yergonna have to be patient<br />
The Infantry<br /><ul><li>Riflemen who fight onthe ground
Do most of the fighting
Do most of the dieing
Come in a variety of types</li></ul>I need a couple o’ guys that don’t owe me no money for a little routine patrol<br />
Types of Infantry<br />Light Infantry – <br />Motorized Infantry <br />Mechanized Infantry<br />Airborne Infantry<br />Air...
Light Infantry<br /><ul><li>Walk into battle
Carry all their gear on their backs
Few vehicles
Easily transportable
Very immobile once on the ground
Plenty of “Boots on the Ground” strength.</li></ul>Missions: Use when you need a lot of troops.<br />Woods, mountains, cit...
There is nothing “light” about light infantry<br />
Mechanized Infantry <br />Infantry that ride into battle in armored vehicles<br />Mission: Support the Tanks<br />
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Modern Military Forces notes

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Notes for our War and Peace class about modern military forces

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Transcript of "Modern Military Forces notes"

  1. 1. Types of Units<br />Regular<br />Standardized Organization and training (more or less)<br />Paid<br />Irregular<br />Guerrillas<br />No standardization<br />Fight with whatever they have<br />
  2. 2. Regular Units<br />
  3. 3. Irregular Units<br />
  4. 4. Active / Reserve Units<br />Active<br />Full time<br />Tend to be younger<br />May be conscripts (drafted) or professional (volunteer)<br />Reserve<br />Part time<br />Tend to be older<br />Tend to have “hand me down” equipment<br />Often former Active members<br />Usually organized by geographical locations<br />Helps maintain cohesion and esprit<br />
  5. 5. Capabilities of Units<br />Elite<br />Standard / Regular<br />Poor<br />Deals with the morale or spirit of a unit.<br />Morale is a relative thing<br />Impacted by situation, training, age, supplies, unit history etc.<br />One nation’s “Elite” may be another nation’s “Poor”<br />
  6. 6. 1<br />2<br />So Which Picture Shows the Elite Force?<br />4<br />3<br />
  7. 7. Types of Modern Units<br /><ul><li>Sea Forces
  8. 8. Aircraft Carrier Groups
  9. 9. Submarines
  10. 10. Attack
  11. 11. Ballistic Missile
  12. 12. Amphibious
  13. 13. Marine
  14. 14. Special Ops</li></ul>Land Forces<br />Armored<br />Infantry<br />Special Ops<br />Marine<br />
  15. 15. Air Forces<br />Fighters<br />Bombers<br />Tactical<br />Strategic<br />Reconnaissance<br />Transportation<br />Missile<br />Nuclear<br />Conventional<br />Space?<br />Unmanned?<br />
  16. 16. Land Forces<br />Armored Division<br /><ul><li>Tanks – and plenty of them
  17. 17. Big guns
  18. 18. Heavy armor
  19. 19. Mobility
  20. 20. Good in open territory
  21. 21. Not as good in close in terrain
  22. 22. Cities
  23. 23. Woods
  24. 24. Mountains
  25. 25. Vulnerable w/o infantry support</li></li></ul><li>
  26. 26. Divisin’ Artillery? I got a target ferya’ but yergonna have to be patient<br />
  27. 27. The Infantry<br /><ul><li>Riflemen who fight onthe ground
  28. 28. Do most of the fighting
  29. 29. Do most of the dieing
  30. 30. Come in a variety of types</li></ul>I need a couple o’ guys that don’t owe me no money for a little routine patrol<br />
  31. 31. Types of Infantry<br />Light Infantry – <br />Motorized Infantry <br />Mechanized Infantry<br />Airborne Infantry<br />Air Assault / Air Mobile Infantry<br />Special Infantry<br />Special Forces<br />Ranger / Commando<br />
  32. 32. Light Infantry<br /><ul><li>Walk into battle
  33. 33. Carry all their gear on their backs
  34. 34. Few vehicles
  35. 35. Easily transportable
  36. 36. Very immobile once on the ground
  37. 37. Plenty of “Boots on the Ground” strength.</li></ul>Missions: Use when you need a lot of troops.<br />Woods, mountains, cities etc<br />
  38. 38. There is nothing “light” about light infantry<br />
  39. 39. Mechanized Infantry <br />Infantry that ride into battle in armored vehicles<br />Mission: Support the Tanks<br />
  40. 40. Mech Infantry – help tanks lead an armored breakthrough<br />
  41. 41. Motorized Infantry<br /><ul><li>Generally uses Wheeled vehicles
  42. 42. Trucks or Wheeled armored vehicles
  43. 43. More transportable than tanks and Mech Inf. But less powerful
  44. 44. More tactically mobile and powerful than light infantry, but not as easy to move
  45. 45. Great for peacekeeping forces
  46. 46. Good for screening flanks</li></li></ul><li>Airborne<br /><ul><li>Strategically Mobile
  47. 47. Parachute into battle
  48. 48. Tactically Slow
  49. 49. Once on the ground – must walk
  50. 50. Lightly armed
  51. 51. If you cantfit it out the door, you cant bring it
  52. 52. * US and Russia have perfected the art of dropping light tanks by parachute
  53. 53. Typical Mission:
  54. 54. Go anywhere fast
  55. 55. Seize and hold vital terrain
  56. 56. Bridges, river crossings
  57. 57. Spearhead invasions</li></li></ul><li>Air Assault / Air Mobile<br /><ul><li>Carried in helicopters
  58. 58. VERY mobile
  59. 59. BUT – once on the ground, they walk
  60. 60. Missions:
  61. 61. Fighting guerrilla wars (take advantage of mobility)
  62. 62. Seize key terrain
  63. 63. Lead invasions</li></li></ul><li>Ranger / Commando<br /><ul><li>Elite light infantry
  64. 64. Shock Troops
  65. 65. Often Airborne / Air Assault as well
  66. 66. Hard hitting, VERY aggressive
  67. 67. Same problems of all Light infantry: few transportation assets
  68. 68. Missions:
  69. 69. Seize airfields
  70. 70. Raids
  71. 71. Lead invasions
  72. 72. Do the jobs that nobody else can do</li></li></ul><li>Typical Ranger Objectives<br />Point du Hoc, Normandy<br />D-Day objective<br />Need to grab an airfield?<br />Call the Rangers<br />
  73. 73. Special Forces<br /><ul><li>Irregular fighters
  74. 74. The most elite in the military
  75. 75. Often serve as advisors to other armies
  76. 76. Help allies train their armies
  77. 77. Recruit people to fight our enemies
  78. 78. The real “THINK OUTSIDE THE BOX” soldiers</li></li></ul><li>Delta Force / SAS / GSG-9<br /><ul><li>Special Anti-terrorism units
  79. 79. Specialized in Hostage Rescue
  80. 80. D-Force is so secret – it has never been officially acknowledged by the US government </li></ul>London, 1980 raid<br />
  81. 81. Naval Forces<br />Ships and stuff that goes on the oceans<br />
  82. 82. Navy Carrier Battle Group<br />Mission: Control the Seas<br /><ul><li>Only US uses large “Super Carriers”
  83. 83. Other nations use smaller “Baby Carriers”</li></ul>US Super carrier<br />Battle group may cover hundreds of square miles<br />British Baby Carrier<br />
  84. 84. Submarines: two types<br />Attack Submarines<br /><ul><li>Sink enemy ships navy or merchant
  85. 85. Deny enemy freedom of the seas
  86. 86. Protect carriers from enemy subs
  87. 87. Launch missiles at ships or land targets
  88. 88. Hunt down and destroy enemy Ballistic Missile Submarines</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Ballistic Missile Submarines
  89. 89. Carry Nuclear Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles (ICBMs)
  90. 90. Capable of destroying ANYTHING and EVERYTHING.
  91. 91. Mission
  92. 92. 1 Deterrence
  93. 93. Stay undetected
  94. 94. The enemy never knows where you are.
  95. 95. If they cant find you, they cant kill you.
  96. 96. 2 Nuclear Response
  97. 97. Even if enemy hits your homeland, the subs are still available – to launch retaliatory strike</li></li></ul><li>Marines<br /><ul><li>The Navy’s Infantry
  98. 98. Special Assault Troops
  99. 99. -Specialize in Amphibious Assaults
  100. 100. Seize beaches, ports, small islands</li></li></ul><li>Navy SEALS<br /><ul><li>Naval Special Forces Units
  101. 101. Small units.
  102. 102. Can go by SEa, Air or Land</li></ul>Missions: <br /><ul><li>Recon Beaches before landings
  103. 103. Ensure beaches can support landing vehicles
  104. 104. Blow up beach obstacles
  105. 105. Raid Coastal Areas
  106. 106. Secure Ocean Oil platforms, Merchant Ships, etc
  107. 107. Blow up enemy naval port facilities
  108. 108. Rescue Hostages on Ships</li></li></ul><li>Air Force Units<br />Strategic Bombers<br />Destroy large targets<br /> cities, large formations of troops<br />Drop nukes<br />B2 Stealth Bomber<br />B1 Bomber<br />B-52 Bomber<br />“When it absolutely, positively HAS to be destroyed overnight”<br />
  109. 109. Conventional Bombing Attack Results<br />
  110. 110.
  111. 111.
  112. 112. Tactical Fighter / Bombers<br />Destroy “point” target - bridges small targets etc<br />Fighters -Fight off enemy planes<br />Protect airspace<br />Fastest planes on earth<br />Fighter breaking the sound barrier<br />
  113. 113. <ul><li>Reconnaissance Aircraft
  114. 114. Take Photos to help planning
  115. 115. High or low level methods</li></li></ul><li>Transport Aircraft<br />Haul Stuff<br />Haul People<br />Drop Stuff<br />Drop People<br />
  116. 116. Missiles<br />Nuclear or Conventional<br /> ICBM (Intercontinental Ballistic Missile)<br /> Very Long Range Nuclear Missiles<br /> “City Busters”<br />Once launched – there is no turning back<br />If these ever fly – game over.<br />
  117. 117. <ul><li>Space:
  118. 118. Satellites can take recon photos
  119. 119. Spy on enemies
  120. 120. Provide GPS
  121. 121. keep track of where you are
  122. 122. Communication
  123. 123. talk to anyone, anywhere, anytime</li>
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