Medieval warfare


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Created by Al and Dave for War and Peace class Ages of Warfare unit presentation 2011

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Medieval warfare

  1. 1. Medieval Warfare Alaric Wrasman Dave Sizer
  2. 2. Melee WeaponsSwords - Most famous weapons. Associated with knights and chivalry Single-handed: Accompanied by a shield, light. Could not penetrate heavy armor until later. Good against unarmored units. Were not cleaned thus infections common Two handed: Much heavier. Units carrying these were heavily armored to compensate for lack of shield. Slow, but powerful. Could cut a man in two, armor included.
  3. 3. Melee Weapons (cont.)Hammers - were another of the many weapons used. Could knockover an enemy with armor. Variations became more effective, thoughstill no match for two-handed sword. Thus, used by mainly poor orunder-supplied soldiersDaggers - small, sharp blades. Used as a backup for armored units,but mainly archers in close contact. Could penetrate light armor; killinstantly if no armor present
  4. 4. Archers Bows - most common long ranged weapon. Included Regular bow - most standard, was effective and could be fired quickly Long bow - developed by the English. Longer, more powerful, killed in a single shot, became popular because of this Crossbow - came later. So effective it was banned, but used anyway. Could shoot and kill a moving target easily
  5. 5. Infantry–Light Armor–Light Weaponry–Formations -Wall -Circle / Crescent -Square / Triangle
  6. 6. Knights–Cavalry of the era–Swords, sometimes bows–Training begins at 7–Fought for lords
  7. 7. Siege Engines – 1–Trebuchet -Man-powered -Counterweight–Onager / Mangonel -Torsion-powered
  8. 8. Siege Engines – 2–Siege Tower -Castle raids -Holds infantry–Battering Ram -Tree trunk with metal head -Built to penetrate structures
  9. 9. Castles–Easy to defend -Built on hills, peninsulae, etc.–Difficult to capture–Thick-walled–Susceptible to gunpowder weaponry
  10. 10. The Advent of Gunpowder–Traditional warfare changed dramatically -Knights / Archers -Peasants -Castles–Invented in China, ~900BC–Scare tactics–Bombard -Large caliber -Heavy / flammable projectiles
  11. 11. Battles–Hastings, 1066 -Mass of knights–Sluys -Extent of navy–Agincourt, 1453 -Mud vs. cavalry
  12. 12. Bibliography"Alpha." Qwiki. Qwiki, 2011. Web. 05 Apr. 2011. <>."Battle of Hastings, Battle of Crecy, Battle of Agincourt, Battle of Sluys." British Battles - Analysing and DocumentingBritish Battles from the Previous Centuries. Web. 05 Apr. 2011. <>."Castles in Medieval Times." Free Educational Software - Maps, Learn to Read and More. Owl and Mouse Educational Software,1998. Web. 05 Apr. 2011. <>.De La Sierra, Joaquin. "Medieval Warfare." Medieval Times & Castles. 2005. Web. 05 Apr. 2011. <>.Joaquin. "Medieval Warfare." Medieval Castles. Web. 05 Apr. 2011. <>.Medieval Castle History, Design of Medieval Castles, Haunted Castles: 2008. Web. 05 Apr. 2011. <>."The Medieval Warfare." Spartacus Educational - Home Page. Web. 05 Apr. 2011. <>."Medieval Warfare Weapons." Medieval Architecture, Knightly Life, and Medieval Society. GECOSAF Consulting, 2006. Web. 05 Apr.<>.Nimocks, Aaron. "Medieval Trebuchets -" Medieval Period - Castles, Weapons, Torture Devices, and History.SiteAlicious Inc., 2006. Web. 05 Apr. 2011. <>.