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Industrial age of war 2010

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    Industrial age of war 2010 Industrial age of war 2010 Presentation Transcript

    • Industrial Age 1850-1900 By: Alex and Nick
    • US 1850-1900
      • US went through three periods during this time
      • The Civil War
      • Reconstruction
      • Industrialization
    • Civil War
      • It started in 1861 and ended in 1865
      • Started because of northern political dominance, slavery, and northern vs. southern economy.
    • Confederate Tactics and Strategy
      • First plan: Dispersed Defensive
      • To cover as much ground as possible from the top of the Confederacy, to the ocean.
      • Second Plan: Offensive Defensive
      • Sometimes, in order to defend the South, an attack would be necessary.
      • This plan would backfire when the Confederacy actually moved into the North (Antietam and Gettysburg).
    • Union Tactics and Strategy
      • A three pronged strategy.
      • Phase 1- Try to take control of the “insurrection”, and squash it.
      • This did not work, since the South was too stable and too large.
      • Phase 2- Take over the Confederate territory
      • The Union did not see the effects quick enough.
      • Phase 3- Total War.
      • This worked, and what eventually ended the war (Sherman’s March to the Sea).
    • Battles
      • Battle of Shiloh
      • Started on April 6th, 1862. ended April 8th, 1862.
      • The Confederacy fought the Union in the South, in order to try to maintain the offensive defensive strategy
      • Also, Confederacy wanted to force Grant away from the Tennessee River, where Union reinforcements were expected to be arriving.
      • Confederacy attacked by surprise on April 6th, early that morning.
    • Confederate Tactics
      • The plan was to attack in the middle of the night on the 6th, and to destroy the left side of Grant's army by flanking it.
      • Strategically, the Confederacy had the upper hand, but the union flank was able to hold off the mass of Confederate forces through the day, for 8 hours.
      • By the end of the 2 nd day of battle, Union reinforcements arrived, though the Confederate general was unaware of this, and ran into battle on April 8th, it failed miserably.
    • Union Tactics
      • Union forces were taken by surprise on April 6th, and were almost immediately overrun. If not for that left flank, which held at a point called the “hornets nest”, the battle would have been over.
      • Eventually, Grant had no choice but to fall back to the Tennessee River, the best option for him at that time.
      • Within a day or so, Union reinforcements had arrived, giving the Union an almost overwhelming force.
      • The next day, the Union was able to defeat the Confederacy, killing thousands in a beautiful counterattack.
    • What the Battle of Shiloh Meant for the Civil War
      • Though this battle was not a decisive one, it did have many lingering effects on the rest of the war.
      • With over 23,000 casualties, this battle was by far, the bloodiest of the time, and one of the bloodier battles in all of the Civil War.
      • Showed both sides that this war was not going to end quickly, or quietly.
      • Forced the Confederacy to realize that they could not only fight on their homeland, and had to eventually start to bring the fighting to the North.
    • Tactics
    • New Inventions
      • Iron Clads and ships like the Augusta
      • US Model 1861 Rifle Musket
      • Mines
      • Torpedoes
      • Rapid Fire Cannon
      • Sniper rifles
      • Percussion Revolver
      • Repeating Rifle
    • Other Innovations
      • Battlefield medicine
      • Railroads
      • Telephones and Telegraphs
      • The Air Balloon
      • Assembly Line and Interchangeable Parts
      • The Bessemer Process
    • Reconstruction
      • Started in 1865 and lasted until 1877.
      • After the South lost the Civil War, the North worked hard to try to rebuild the Southern states.
      • The entire Southern Economy had to be rebuilt from the ground up, since most of the South was made up of farmers, and run by the slaves.
      • Reconstruction helped the United States progress much more smoothly into the era of Industrialization.
      • Reconstruction also became extremely important for helping the United States become, united once again.
    • Industrialization
      • One major advantage for The North in the Civil War, was Industrialization. (more production=more firepower=victory).
      • Though, after the Civil War and Reconstruction is when the Industrialization boom began to really hit the U.S.
      • Industrialization was made possible by the Bessemer Process, interchangeable parts, and the Assembly Line, along with many other technological advances.
      • Was arguably THE reason why the U.S. Became a leading world power by World Wars I and II, and even today.
    • Europe
      • Franco-Prussian War
      • Industrialization
      • Setting the stage for World War I.
    • Bibliography
      • http://www.bibme.org/shared/BnGbVWpuKp