How To Write

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A little presentation about how to write, now that you are in High School.

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How To Write

  1. 1. How to Write (If you want to succeed)
  2. 2. The importance of good writing skills <ul><li>Good writing skills shine through on résumés and cover letters. David Teten, CEO of New York-based independent research firm Nitron Advisers, says he has seen communications from some job seekers that were incoherent, ungrammatical and rude. &quot;One out of five people who apply to jobs with my company get rejected because their writing skills are so bad,&quot; he says. </li></ul><ul><li>One-third of employees at blue-chip companies can not write well, and businesses spend up to $3.1 billion annually on remedial training to improve their workers' writing skills, according to a report by the National Commission on Writing. And writing skills are only getting more valuable. &quot;As companies get bigger and less and less cohesive ... the written word becomes even more important,&quot; says Lisa Earle McLeod, columnist and author of Forget Perfect (Penguin/Putnam). &quot;You don't have people in one place working together anymore, so being able to write concisely and directively for people will become a more valued skill.&quot; </li></ul>
  3. 3. Major writing issues that crop up every year <ul><li>Abbreviations found in text messaging may be great for saving money on your phone but they have no place in your homework or schoolwork assignments. </li></ul><ul><li>i.e. “He went 2 skol cuz he had 2.” (This will get you an “F” on the assignment) </li></ul><ul><li>Do not use “a lot” when you write. Use a different word or term, such as “many.” </li></ul><ul><li>Do not use contractions when you write. i.e. “Wasn’t” (bad) “Was not” (good) </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>4 . Know the difference between “cause” and “because” and when to use them. </li></ul><ul><li>5. Know the difference between “there” and “their.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>( You should never need to use “they’re” if you are following rule number three.) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Cuz” is not a word. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not begin a sentence with a conjunction such as “Because,” “And,” “But,” or a number such as “46” (spell it out). </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Three pages means three pages – not two and a half. </li></ul><ul><li>9. Always answer in full, complete sentences. Proofread your work. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>i.e. “Why did the Roman empire fall?” The Roman Empire fell because… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Spell out numbers from one to ten. Anything from 11 – up can be stated as a number. If beginning a sentence with a number, ALWAYS spell it out. </li></ul><ul><li>11. NEVER, EVER, EVER, EVER PLAGIARIZE!!!! Always cite the source of your information . </li></ul><ul><li>i.e. The Mongols caused 200 years of suffering in Russia, and as a result, Russia lagged behind the rest of Europe. (Breise, p47) </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>12. Avoid using 1st or 2nd person when writing ( “I think…) or (“You could..) unless told otherwise. </li></ul><ul><li>13. Use ACTIVE voice rather than passive voice </li></ul><ul><li>i.e. “He hit the car.” (good) </li></ul><ul><li>“ The car had been hit by him.” (bad) </li></ul><ul><li>Omit unnecessarily complex sentences. Keep it concise (short) and to the point. Make every word count </li></ul><ul><li>i.e. “Before we had gone to the supermarket, we had made a list of the groceries that we would need in order to be able to make the food that we had intended to eat for dinner.” (bad) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Before going to the supermarket, we made a list of groceries that we needed to prepare dinner.” (good) </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>15. Spelling counts. Spellchecker is great, but always check your own work. </li></ul><ul><li>16. Neatness counts. If I can not read it, I can not grade it. If I can not grade it, it is wrong. </li></ul><ul><li>17 ALWAYS put your NAME, DATE and CLASS PERIOD on EVERY ASSIGNMENT. Assignments without a name will automatically earn a zero, no questions asked. </li></ul>
  8. 8. How long should it be? <ul><li>It must answer the question. </li></ul><ul><li>A paragraph must have a recognizable idea, supported by information </li></ul><ul><li>Half a page is often about right for a paragraph. </li></ul>
  9. 9. What should it look like <ul><li>1. Write in Blue or Black ink, or pencil. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No red, green, purple, glitter, magic marker, crayon etc </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2. ALWAYS put your name, date and class period on your work </li></ul><ul><li>3. It should be neat, clean, non-ripped. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Typing is encouraged, but not required. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Lets look at some samples <ul><li>Can you find anything wrong with the following example? </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Tibet Issue <ul><li>I issue I choose to pick was probably the Tibet issue. I think that it could be good that the us handles it. Because Clinton likes the people from Tibet. I choose for my reasons that we need to make china have religious freedom and it would be good china trade. (cnn.com) </li></ul><ul><li>The first reason is that it says freedom of religion in the constitution. And we need to say, whoa, china, lay off the Buddhists. Smoldering resentment at the strain on the country's resources from the influx of Chinese soldiery and civilians was inflamed in 1956 by reports of savage fighting and oppression in districts east of the upper Yangtze, outside the administration of Lhasa but bound to it by race, language, and religion. Refugees from the fighting in the east carried guerrilla warfare against the Chinese into central Tibet, creating tensions that exploded in a popular rising at Lhasa in March 1959. The Dalai Lama, most of his ministers, and many followers escaped across the Himalayas, and the rising was suppressed. (Mr. A handout) </li></ul><ul><li>We could also have lots and lots of trade with china. We could copiously trade with China. I mean there could be many things we could trade with them. Like computers, jeans, cigarettes, etc. we could make lots of money with lots of trade. So I think that we should probably let china handle Tibet . </li></ul>
  12. 12. Homework Writing Guide Rubric <ul><li>Well written answers 1-5 pts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Complete sentences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proper word choice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proper English (do not use “a lot,” use “cause and “because” correctly, do not abbreviate, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Accuracy 1-5 pts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Information is accurate, shows an understanding of the event. (Explains the “who, what, where and when”) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Completeness 1-8 pts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Answer questions thoroughly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Explains the “why” and “how” of the issue </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Neatness 1-2 pts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If I can not read it, it is hard to grade it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paper is in acceptable condition. No rips, tears, dirt etc. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. How NOT to write an answer
  14. 14. Grade the following answer

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