Greek age 2010

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Greek age 2010

  1. 1. Greek Warfare Dahynn K, Eric S
  2. 2. Intro Greek Geography City states many different nation led to frequent fighting among the greeks Unification was very difficult Oligarchy, Monarchy vs Democracy Agean Sea seperated the greece from troy, etc. need for navy mostly for transportation
  3. 3. Formations
  4. 4. Battle Formations Phalanx This was the most commonly used battle formation in the Greek Age. The army would line up in lines with the first three or four lines would stick spears out. The back lines would stick spear straight into the air creating a wall of spears. They would lock the shields so that each person was blocking half of the body of the person next to them. Before the phalanx tatic was thought of Greek soldiers fought in a completly different manner.
  5. 5. Battle Formations Weakness in Phalanx Bulky in size once into enemy lines, it became disorganized fighting since the men would have shields to their right, the lines would drift to the right this was fixed by putting more skilled and experienced soliders on the right side Othismos followed by Phalanx when fighting phalanx vs phalanx lines are at halt matter of one line to break into the phalanx of another Othismos is when the back soliders tries to push the
  6. 6. Phalanx Example of Phalanx line: P= phalanx C= Cavalry A= Archers CCPPPPPPPP PPPPPPPPCC CCPPPPPPPP PPPPPPPPCC CCPPPPPPPP PPPPPPPPCC CCPPPPPPPP PPPPPPPPCC CCPPPPPPPP PPPPPPPPCC CCPPPPPPPP PPPPPPPPCC CCPPPPPPPP PPPPPPPPCC CCPPPPPPPP PPPPPPPPCC AAAAAAAA AAAAAAAA AAAAAAAA AAAAAAAA
  7. 7. Soldiers
  8. 8. Types of Soldiers Hoplites (Heavy Infantry) These were the soldiers who were the ones doing the land fighting. They were the ones who typically used a phalanx. Were given a heavy circle shield, a spear, a breast plate, and a helmet. Hippeis (calvary) Consisted of archers and javelin throwers. While riding horses they were armed with spears. Soldiers that ran along side the horses with the calvary men were called hamippis. Hamippis were typically armed with a spear or a sword.
  9. 9. Navy Trireme A new Ship with 3 sets of rows Faster, Mobile More defensive as well used as transportation Agean Sea Example in Trojan War Became crucial
  10. 10. Battle of Thermopylae
  11. 11. Battle of Thermopylae It was the first time the Greek navy was used in a battle. Thermistocles was able to use the Greek navy to help become a deciding factor in the outcome. Although they had to retreat Thermistocles was able to think of a new strategy to beat the Persian navy. King Leonidas of Sparta led over 4,000 soldiers to meet Xerxes, son of Darius I, before he got to Sparta. The battle was fought in a pass that the Spartans knew about that allowed a very little of Xerxes army to be able to fight. They were able to hold the Persians off and could have continued until a traitor told Xerxes of a way around the pass leading to Leonidas sending away all but his 300 Spartan to fight until the death.
  12. 12. Trojan War
  13. 13. Trojan War Paris, prince of troy, ran off with King Menelaus of Sparta's wife, Helen Helen is supposedly famous for her beauty Menelaus angered, went to Agamemnon, man who united greece with fear and control entire army of greece set sail for troy Troy had unbreachable wall one of the best aries led by Prince Hector Illiad shows Hector vs Achilies Odysseus, wise king of Ithaca, created Trojan Horse Troy was breached, burned down, and defeated Based on the Illiad
  14. 14. Sources Works Cited "The Ancient Greek Trireme and Its Modern Equivalent." Web. 23 Oct. 2010. <http://www.richeast.org/htwm/Greeks/kapost/ship.html>. This site was used for sole purpose. it was used to get information on the Greek Trireme. it stated that it was very mobile and defensive compared to the past models. Trireme included 3 sets of rows or ores that requires many people to operate but very fast once it is done. it included a prime example such from Trojan War. "Ancient Greek Warfare." Essortment Articles: Free Online Articles on Health, Science, Education & More.. Web. Oct.-Nov. 2010. <http: //www.essortment.com/all/ancientgreekwa_rwea.htm>. This website was extrmely resourceful. it included many basic and detail facts about greek warfare. this was my our central site researching further based off this. it showed various exmaples of phalanx, units, and even weaknesses. it showed political, economical, and social viewpoint of war. "Ancient Greek Warfare." Kidipede - History for Kids - Homework Help for Middle School. Web. 23 Oct. 2010. <http://www.historyforkids. org/learn/greeks/war/>. this website was used to create the intro slide. it showed many key points about geography and basic political structure. it stated the presence of city states and the difficulty of unification due to it. it proved frequent fighting amongs the greeks also. the natural geography seperates greece from Asia Minor. Homer, and Robert Fitzgerald. The Illiad. London: Collins Harvill, 1985. Print. This is by far the most interesting source. this is written by homer with great detail of the Trojan War. all texts are not quite proven true but it shows the social historical viewpoint. i used many key information on the trojan war based on this book. ofcourse, due to the age and crdibility of this book, i was not sure what was truth or what was false but i did present them in a way that ensures the audience to know it is strictly based on homer. Luginbill, Robert D. "Othismos: The Importance of the Mass-Shove in Hoplite Warfare." Jstor. Web. 23 Oct. 2010. This website was useful because it held so much information while providing a primary document. i got most of my information of Othismos. it said that it was a pushfrom the backlines of the phalanx against enemy phalanx to break into their lines. once the enemy is penetrated it becomes a disorganized war. examples of phalanx was also shown here. "Thermopylae." Livius. Articles on Ancient History. Web. 23 Oct. 2010. <http://www.livius.org/th/thermopylae/thermopylae1.html>. This website was used for the battle of Thermopylae. it claimed many truths and myths about the famous 300 spartans. it showed examples of phalanx in various battles and showed greek warfare vs other nations. although severely outnumbered, greeks were able to damage the opponent for well. it showed success and failures of phalanx.

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