Fall Of Rome


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Fall Of Rome

  1. 1. The Fall of Rome and the beginning of the Middle Ages.
  2. 2. The Greatness of the Roman Empire <ul><li>Rome was the most powerful empire Europe had ever seen. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Roman Empire at its height 117 C.E.
  4. 4. The Contribution of Rome
  5. 5. Roman legal accomplishments <ul><li>Rome had a republican democracy- sometimes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Had a senate where patricians (upper class) could represent people </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nobody is above the law, not the emperor, not the senate, not the people, not the police. </li></ul><ul><li>Laws are written down and must be respected </li></ul>
  6. 6. Great Rulers <ul><li>Julius Caesar – “et tu Brute?” </li></ul><ul><li>Augustus Caesar – increased Caesar's empire </li></ul><ul><li>Diocletian – Split the empire into two parts </li></ul><ul><li>Hadrian – Hadrian's wall in England </li></ul><ul><li>Trajen – The forum, rebuilt Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Marcus Aurelius= last good emperor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Among others – of course there were some terrible ones too! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nero </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Art/Architecture
  8. 8. Art/Architecture Roman Arch The Pantheon – first dome The Coliseum Its architecture was Hellenistic (meaning “Greek inspired”)
  9. 9. Technology <ul><li>Roman Roads, Concrete </li></ul>“All roads lead to Rome” City planning
  10. 10. Technology: Aqueducts
  11. 11. Science <ul><li>Ptolemy – hypothesized about the makeup of the universe. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Geocentric (earth centered universe) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Will later be proven wrong) </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Language <ul><li>Latin (the language of Rome) evolves into the Romance Languages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>French, Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Latin is still the official language of the Roman Catholic Church </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Military Might <ul><li>Spread of the Pax Romana (Peace of Rome) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The empire is peaceful because if you mess with it, they kill you. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Decline of Rome <ul><li>Long period of decline </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: at one point they had 22 emperors over a 50 year period, 20 died violently </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Persians and Germans move into empire </li></ul><ul><li>Civil war and plague hurt empire </li></ul><ul><li>Money Troubles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trade /industry declined. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Labor shortage due to disease </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Farm production declined </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Money became short and soldiers were scarce </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Had to hire Germanic soldiers = who had no loyalty to Rome and did not understand tradition </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Overall decline in society, morals, education, business </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Remember what we said about civilizations needs </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Roman Coliseum Gladiators Decline in morals
  16. 16. Ever see the movie? Think about its central theme – decline of morals
  17. 17. A New Religion Rise of Christianity <ul><li>Christianity spreads through Roman Empire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Preaches monotheistic (one god) religion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>grew because it was more appealing to the poor because it viewed everyone as equal </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Romans paid little attention to Christianity at first then began to see it as a threat to society </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Persecuted Christians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Persecution strengthened Christianity forcing it to become more organized </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Eventually, Romans give in </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ If you can’t beat ‘em, join ‘em.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Constantine =first Christian Emperor of Rome </li></ul></ul>
  18. 19. Archbishop / Cardinal In charge of an Archdiocese in big city Bishop/Diocese In each big town / small city Priest/Parish In each town / village Pope In charge of whole Church Christian Church moves headquarters to Rome Church very organized – hierarchical system
  19. 20. Fall of Rome <ul><li>Rome was besieged by various tribes from modern day Germany and France. </li></ul><ul><li>Huns from Russia / central Asia invaded eastern Europe and forced the German Visigoths into Roman territory. </li></ul>
  20. 21. Fall of Rome <ul><li>Eventually Visigoths destroyed Rome and took control </li></ul><ul><li>Vandals invaded southern Spain and Africa/ eventually crossed over into Italy from Northern Africa and sacked Rome also </li></ul>
  21. 23. Fall of Rome <ul><li>In 476 Western Roman Empire Falls </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The “Dark Ages” falls upon Western Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Eastern Roman empire became known as the Byzantine Empire and thrived around Constantinople. </li></ul>
  22. 24. Romulus Augustulus Surrenders To Odoacer
  23. 25. Constantinople: The “New Rome” Built by Roman Emperor Constantine Today it is called Istanbul
  24. 26. Although the fall of the Roman Empire did not happen overnight, many consider its fall the beginning of the Middle Ages or Dark Ages. Summary
  25. 27. Summary <ul><li>The Roman Empire fell due to outside attacks and disease (brought on by trade) </li></ul><ul><li>The Middle Ages began as the Christian Church replaced governments as the central authority. </li></ul>
  26. 28. Bibliographical information <ul><li>http://www. worldofteaching .com </li></ul>