“The Bundle of Compromises”<br />The Constitution<br />
Creating the Constitution<br />Respond to the failures of the Articles of Confederation<br />James Madison: “Father of the...
How to determine representation?<br />Proportionally?<br />Equally?<br />How to count slaves?<br />Strong central govt or ...
NJ Plan<br />Virginia Plan<br />Great Compromise<br />Bicameral<br />Unicameral<br />Based on population <br />Executive: ...
Virginia plan<br />3 separate branches<br />Legislature:<br />Bicameral<br />Based on population or amount of $ given to c...
New Jersey Plan<br />Unicameral legislature w/ equal representation from states<br />Congress maintained power + tax and r...
How to deal with slaves?<br />Count as population?<br />Do not count as population?<br />Abolish slavery?<br />Final Decis...
Arguments for weak central government?<br />Arguments for strong central government?<br />Solution?<br />Strong or Weak Go...
Separate the Powers: <br />Federalism<br />National govt has powers<br />State govts have powers<br />Three Branches<br />...
Definition: Governmental powers are divided on a territorial basis<br />National government has some powers and responsibi...
 National government would have some expressed powers dedicated to it by the Constitution<br />“Regulate Interstate Commer...
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Constitution lecture in progress 10

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OK - its not the greatest PPT ever made, but it helped get across the vocabulary needed for the Constitutional Convention. I will make a better one for the future.

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Constitution lecture in progress 10

  1. 1. “The Bundle of Compromises”<br />The Constitution<br />
  2. 2.
  3. 3. Creating the Constitution<br />Respond to the failures of the Articles of Confederation<br />James Madison: “Father of the Constitution”<br />“Framer of the Constitution”<br />Met in Philly 1787<br />
  4. 4. How to determine representation?<br />Proportionally?<br />Equally?<br />How to count slaves?<br />Strong central govt or weak central govt?<br />How to keep govt from getting too powerful?<br />Who can tax?<br />Big Questions<br />
  5. 5. NJ Plan<br />Virginia Plan<br />Great Compromise<br />Bicameral<br />Unicameral<br />Based on population <br />Executive: chosen by Congress; could veto Congress<br />Senate chosen by the House<br />equal representation<br />Executive chosen by Congress, but could be removed by majority of state governors<br />Based on population or amount of $ given to central government<br />Federaljudiciary: single supreme court appointed by the executive<br />national power over states<br />Judicial: chosen by Congress; power to veto Congress<br />Congress maintained power + tax and regulate interstate trade<br />House of Reps. elected by public<br />
  6. 6. Virginia plan<br />3 separate branches<br />Legislature:<br />Bicameral<br />Based on population or amount of $ given to central government<br />House of Reps. elected by public<br />Senate chosen by the House<br />Same powers as the Articles plus national power over states<br />Executive: chosen by Congress; could veto Congress<br />Judicial: chosen by Congress; power to veto Congress<br />Viewed as “radical” by smaller states<br />
  7. 7. New Jersey Plan<br />Unicameral legislature w/ equal representation from states<br />Congress maintained power + tax and regulate interstate trade<br />Executive chosen by Congress, but could be removed by majority of state governors<br />Federal judiciary would be a single supreme tribunal appointed by the executive<br />
  8. 8. How to deal with slaves?<br />Count as population?<br />Do not count as population?<br />Abolish slavery?<br />Final Decision<br />
  9. 9. Arguments for weak central government?<br />Arguments for strong central government?<br />Solution?<br />Strong or Weak Government<br />
  10. 10. Separate the Powers: <br />Federalism<br />National govt has powers<br />State govts have powers<br />Three Branches<br />Legislative, Executive, Judicial<br />Balance the Powers<br />Set checks and balances so each branch can put a break on the others<br />Two Ways to Control Government<br />
  11. 11. Definition: Governmental powers are divided on a territorial basis<br />National government has some powers and responsibilities<br />State governments have some powers and responsibilities.<br />Even local governments have some powers and responsibilities<br />Federalism:<br />
  12. 12. National government would have some expressed powers dedicated to it by the Constitution<br />“Regulate Interstate Commerce”<br />Would also have some implied powers that are not specifically stated<br />“Necessary & Proper” (or elastic) clause<br />(build interstate highway system)<br />Also has some inherent powers that all governments have <br />(Protect the nation from external threats)<br />National govt also has things denied to it<br />No power to tax states<br />Federalism:<br />
  13. 13. Reserved Powers: States get any powers that are not expressly designated to the national govt<br />Concurrent Powers: Those shared by both the National and State govts.<br />Federalism<br />
  14. 14. Bundle of Compromises<br />The Connecticut Compromise(“The Great Compromise”)<br />Bicameral legislature<br />Senatew/ equal rep.<br />House of Representatives based on population<br />Three-Fifths Compromise<br />All “free persons” should be counted in population + 3/5ths of all others<br />Southerners would have to pay additional taxes levied by Congress based on the same principle<br />Overturned by the 13th Amendment in 1865<br />Commerce and Slave Trade Compromise<br />Congress was forbidden to tax export goods or act on slave trade for 20 years<br />
  15. 15. Ratification ( approval)<br />Required approval of 9 states<br />Federalists= favored ratification (Madison and Hamilton) <br />Anti-federalists= opposed due to increased power of the national government<br />absence of the mention of God<br />Denied states the ability to print money<br />Lack of bill of rights<br />Bill of Rights promised – so anti-federalists gave in and signed<br />

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