Age of Exploration - Western Civ 09

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Basic info for 9th grade western civ class. Use it to help you get the gist of things.

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Age of Exploration - Western Civ 09

  1. 1. Do Now <ul><li>Respond to the following. </li></ul><ul><li>Give me at least 10 lines. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Which should we spend our money on – exploring the Earth for more sources of oil, or exploring space for sources of life? </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. European Explorers <ul><li>Where did they go? </li></ul><ul><li>Why Did They Go There? </li></ul><ul><li>What long term effects did it cause? </li></ul>
  3. 3. We’re not paying those Ottomans Any more! We’ll find another way to Asia Ottoman Empire “ The Silk Road”
  4. 4. Can’t seem to get past here: Rocks &Navigation problems
  5. 5. Just keep the North Star in sight.
  6. 6. Uh, Oh
  7. 7. We need some new technology !
  8. 8. Caravel – ocean going ship
  9. 9. Text stern post rudder- Instead of a paddle Lateen (triangular) Sail Can sail into the wind Innovations (which Europe learned from the folks in the Middle East)
  10. 10. Astrolabe (got this from the Arabs) Compass (idea came from China)
  11. 11. Plot the Voyages of the Following Dias, De Gama, Columbus, Cabral, Magellan, Drake, Hudson, Balboa, Cartier
  12. 12. Spanish in the New World Came to conquer - not just explore Hernando Cortez: Conquered Aztec Indians in Mexico Francisco Pizarro : Conquered Inca Indians in Peru Conquistadors (Conquerers)
  13. 15. <ul><li>Results </li></ul><ul><li>Thousands of Indians worked to death </li></ul><ul><li>Ninety Percent (90%) of Aztec Indians died of disease within a relatively few years (25 million to 3 million in 100 years) </li></ul><ul><li>Africans brought over to replace native slave workers </li></ul><ul><li>Able to handle diseases better </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Beginning of the Atlantic Slave Trade </li></ul></ul>What did the Spanish Want? <ul><li>Money </li></ul><ul><li>Conquistadors took Native American gold and silver </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Forced indians to work in mines </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Converts for Catholic Church </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jesuits sent to convert the Indians </li></ul></ul>
  14. 16. Triangle Trade Middle Passage
  15. 17. Inside of a slave ship <ul><li>12 million slaves taken: 1450-1880 </li></ul><ul><li>Where did they all go? </li></ul><ul><li>1million never reached land 3 million to Brazil </li></ul><ul><li>2.5 million to Caribbean </li></ul><ul><li>3 million to New Spain </li></ul><ul><li>2 million to Europe </li></ul><ul><li>½ million to southern US states </li></ul>
  16. 18. Here There be Pirates ! Problems for Spain And most of them were working for English Queen Elizabeth

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