5 Themes Of Geography 07


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5 Themes Of Geography 07

  1. 1. 5 Themes of Geography Mr. J
  2. 2. Definition of Geography <ul><li>ge·og·ra·phy 1 : a science that deals with the description, distribution, and interaction of the diverse physical, biological, and cultural features of the earth's surface Source-Merriam Webster Collegiate Dictionary </li></ul>
  3. 3. In plain English <ul><li>Geography is the study of the earth and everything on it. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Five Themes of Geography <ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><li>Place </li></ul><ul><li>Interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Region </li></ul>
  5. 5. Five themes of geography in our room <ul><li>Your friends are over and one needs to use the bathroom. How might you explain where the bathroom is at home? </li></ul><ul><li>How would you explain where your desk is using Location? </li></ul>???
  6. 6. Master bedroom office Master bath bedroom bedroom bathroom Bedroom stairs “ Up the stairs, second door on the left”
  7. 7. Location <ul><li>Where something is on the globe. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>uses latitude and longitude lines and we use directions North, South, East and West </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EXACT spot on the planet. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Latitude lines run sideways </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Longitude lines run north and south </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Your desk could be “ Wall side, third row, second desk.” </li></ul>
  8. 8. Importance of Location <ul><li>The placement of a given spot on the globe will affect its climate, amount of sunlight it gets, vegetation, animal life etc </li></ul><ul><li>These will in turn have an impact on the people who live there </li></ul><ul><li>Do Eskimos dress the same way as people in Hawaii? </li></ul>
  9. 9. 40 30 20 50 60 70 80 See Google Earth
  10. 10. Place <ul><li>Where something is in relation to its surroundings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Describe your desk in terms of “place” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How would you describe Philadelphia, using “place?” </li></ul></ul>See Google Earth
  11. 11. Importance of Place <ul><li>Our surroundings will impact on the development of society. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Denver is high up in the mountains – how will that affect the way people live? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Philadelphia is at the confluence of 2 major rivers, with easy access to the ocean – how will that affect the way we live? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Britain is an island – how will that affect the way people there live? </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. 1 2 3 4 5
  13. 13. Interaction <ul><li>How people use the “stuff” around them or how their geography causes people to change to adapt to it. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pennsylvania has the Appalachian mountains in it. These mountains have vast amounts of coal. Therefore, Pennsylvania does a great deal of coal mining. We INTERACT with the geography. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We also CHANGE our geography. We strip the mountains apart to get to the coal. We level mountains and fill in ravines and low ground </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Leningrad in Russia – its built on a swamp </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Philadelphia airport – used to be part of the Delaware River! </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 15. Movement <ul><li>How geography affects the movement of people, things and ideas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Geography can help OR hinder this movement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HOW???? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Give an example of how geography can HELP the movement of people, things and ideas </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Give an example of how geography can HINDER the movement of people, things and ideas </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How does the geography of this room help or hinder movement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Need two volunteers for this one </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 18. Region <ul><li>An area with unifying characteristics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Geographical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Political </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What characteristics define the region we live in? </li></ul>