Western Civilization Lecture 4

4,500 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Spiritual
3 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
4,500
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
386
Comments
3
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Western Civilization Lecture 4

  1. 1. Western Civilization Session 4 Renaissance and Reformation Part 1 IS-VNU Mr. Mike Beard
  2. 2. Western Civilization <ul><li>What is “Renaissance”? </li></ul><ul><li>What influenced the Renaissance? </li></ul><ul><li>Renaissance Themes </li></ul><ul><li>Renaissance Art: Paintings, Sculptures </li></ul><ul><li>and Architecture </li></ul>
  3. 3. Western Civilization <ul><li>Renaissance = Rebirth </li></ul>School of Athens, Raphael 1510
  4. 4. Western Civilization <ul><li>Rebirth of Ancient Greeks and Romans </li></ul>School of Athens, Raphael 1510 Plato Aristotle Socrates Alexander the Great Pythagoras Heraclitus Raphael
  5. 5. Western Civilization <ul><li>Rebirth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rediscovery of the Greeks and Romans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Art, Literature, Science, Philosophy..., </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Western Civilization Changes that led to the Renaissance <ul><li>Crusaders brought back knowledge of the ancient arts, sciences and philosophy that had been preserved by the Islamic Golden Age </li></ul>
  7. 7. Western Civilization Changes that led to the Renaissance <ul><li>1100 AD – Paper manufacture began in Spain </li></ul>
  8. 8. Western Civilization Changes that led to the Renaissance <ul><li>1450 AD – Gutenberg's Printing Press </li></ul>1455 AD – Gutenberg Bible 1 st Major Book Printed
  9. 9. Western Civilization Changes that led to the Renaissance <ul><li>1304-1374 AD – Petrarch </li></ul><ul><li>Father of Humanism </li></ul><ul><li>Writing focused on this world not heaven </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote in Italian vernacular (common language) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Western Civilization Changes that led to the Renaissance <ul><li>1215 AD – The Magna Carta </li></ul><ul><li>Required King John of England to proclaim certain liberties </li></ul><ul><li>Stated that the king's will was not arbitrary (limited the power of the king) </li></ul><ul><li>No &quot;freeman&quot; (in the sense of non-serf) could be punished except through the law of the land, a right which is still in existence today </li></ul>
  11. 11. Western Civilization Changes that led to the Renaissance <ul><li>Patrons of the Arts </li></ul><ul><li>Wealthy families like the Medicis of Florence began to commission works of art </li></ul><ul><li>Commission – to authorize and fund something </li></ul>Portrait of Lorenzo de' Medici
  12. 12. Western Civilization Changes that led to the Renaissance <ul><li>Patrons of the Arts </li></ul><ul><li>Art Patrons were often painted into the works they commissioned </li></ul>The donors (patrons) of Masaccio's painting Holy Trinity (1427 AD)
  13. 13. Western Civilization Changes that led to the Renaissance <ul><li>Scientific Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Copernicus and Galileo </li></ul><ul><li>The Scientific Method </li></ul><ul><li>Focus Empirical Evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Aristotle's Logic </li></ul>
  14. 14. Western Civilization Changes that led to the Renaissance <ul><li>Religious Authority Questioned </li></ul><ul><li>Abusive Authority of the Church </li></ul><ul><li>Indulgences </li></ul><ul><li>Increased Papal Authority and Abuses </li></ul><ul><li>Nepotism </li></ul>Pope Alexander VI
  15. 15. Western Civilization Key Themes & Ideas of the Renaissance: Focus on this World Early Medieval Painting of the Death of Christ High Renaissance Painting of the Death of Christ 1507 by Raphael
  16. 16. Western Civilization Key Themes & Ideas of the Renaissance: Humanism
  17. 17. Western Civilization Key Themes & Ideas of the Renaissance: Appearance vs. Reality
  18. 18. Western Civilization Key Themes & Ideas of the Renaissance: Greeks & Romans
  19. 19. Western Civilization Key Themes & Ideas of the Renaissance: Reformation Martin Luther John Calvin
  20. 20. Western Civilization Art <ul><li>1401 Competition for Baptistry Doors in Florence, Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Lorenzo Ghiberti and Filippo Brunelleschi asked to make a sample panel for the doors in bronze </li></ul>
  21. 21. Western Civilization Art Competition Panels: Sacrifice of Isaac Filippo Brunelleschi's Panel Lorenzo Ghiberti's Panel
  22. 22. Western Civilization Art: Ghiberti Won
  23. 23. Western Civilization Art Painting <ul><li>Fresco - pigment mixed with water on a thin layer of wet, fresh, plaster </li></ul><ul><li>Fresco means “fresh” </li></ul>
  24. 24. Western Civilization Art Painting <ul><li>Tempera – mixed dry powdered pigments into a binding agent or medium, such as egg, glue, honey, water, milk </li></ul>
  25. 25. Western Civilization Art Painting <ul><li>Oil - painting with pigments that are bound with a medium of drying oil </li></ul>
  26. 26. Western Civilization Art Painting: Giotto (1266–1337) 1310 - Ognissanti Madonna - Fresco
  27. 27. Western Civilization Art Painting: Giotto (1266–1337) 1305 – Flight to Egypt - Fresco
  28. 28. Western Civilization Art Painting: Giotto (1266–1337) 1305 – Kiss of Judas - Fresco
  29. 29. Western Civilization Art Painting: Masaccio (1401-1428) 1425 - The Tribute Money - Fresco
  30. 30. Western Civilization Art Painting: Masaccio (1401-1428) 1426-27 Expulsion from the Garden Fresco 1427 - Holy Trinity
  31. 31. Western Civilization Art Painting: Sandro Botticelli (1445-1510) 1482 – Primavera - Tempera on Panel
  32. 32. Western Civilization Art Painting: Sandro Botticelli (1445-1510) 1483 – Venus and Mars - Tempera on Panel
  33. 33. Western Civilization Art Painting: Sandro Botticelli (1445-1510) 1486 – The Birth of Venus - Tempera on Panel
  34. 34. Western Civilization Art Painting: Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) 1512 – Self Portrait
  35. 35. 1505-08 – Madonna of the Rocks Western Civilization Art Painting: Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519)
  36. 36. 1498 – The Last Supper Western Civilization Art Painting: Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519)
  37. 37. 1503-05 – Mona Lisa Western Civilization Art Painting: Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519)
  38. 38. 1508-12 – Ceiling of the Sistine Chapel Western Civilization Art Painting: Michelangelo (1475-1564)
  39. 39. 1508-12 – Creation of Man Western Civilization Art Painting: Michelangelo (1475-1564)
  40. 40. 1508-12 – The Fall and Expulsion Western Civilization Art Painting: Michelangelo (1475-1564)
  41. 41. The Holy Family Western Civilization Art Painting: Michelangelo (1475-1564)
  42. 42. The Last Judgement Western Civilization Art Painting: Michelangelo (1475-1564)
  43. 43. 1499-1502 The Resurrection of Christ Western Civilization Art Painting: Raphael (1483-1520)
  44. 44. 1507 The Deposition of Christ Western Civilization Art Painting: Raphael (1483-1520)
  45. 45. 1514 Portrait of Bindo Altoviti Western Civilization Art Painting: Raphael (1483-1520)
  46. 46. Western Civilization Art Painting: Triangular Composition
  47. 47. Western Civilization Art Painting: Triangular Composition
  48. 48. Western Civilization Art – Painting: Triangular Composition
  49. 49. Western Civilization Art – Painting: Triangular Composition
  50. 50. Western Civilization Sculpture 1440 – David Donatello 1504 – David Michelangelo Bronze Stone Marble
  51. 51. Western Civilization Renaissance Architecture <ul><li>Geometry </li></ul><ul><li>Symmetry </li></ul><ul><li>Domes </li></ul><ul><li>Decorated Ceilings </li></ul><ul><li>Clear Glass Windows </li></ul>
  52. 52. Western Civilization Renaissance Architecture <ul><li>Geometry </li></ul><ul><li>Exploration of shapes and lines in buildings </li></ul>
  53. 53. Western Civilization Renaissance Architecture <ul><li>Symmetry </li></ul><ul><li>Left and Right sides of buildings were often mirror images of each other </li></ul>
  54. 54. <ul><li>Symmetry </li></ul>
  55. 55. <ul><li>Symmetry </li></ul>
  56. 56. <ul><li>Symmetry </li></ul><ul><li>Not only was the facade (front of the building) symmetrical, but often the entire building was symmetrical </li></ul>
  57. 57. <ul><li>Symmetry </li></ul>
  58. 58. Western Civilization Renaissance Architecture <ul><li>Domes </li></ul><ul><li>Dome shape roofs appear often </li></ul><ul><li>Direct influence by Islamic Golden Age Architecture </li></ul>
  59. 59. Renaissance Domes
  60. 60. Western Civilization Renaissance Architecture <ul><li>Decorated Ceilings </li></ul><ul><li>Similar to Islamic Mosques, Renaissance buildings displayed artistic designs and paintings on their ceilings </li></ul>
  61. 61. Decorated Ceilings
  62. 62. Decorated Ceilings
  63. 63. Decorated Ceilings
  64. 64. Decorated Ceilings
  65. 65. Western Civilization Renaissance Architecture <ul><li>Clear Glass Windows </li></ul><ul><li>Medieval widows were often stained glass. </li></ul><ul><li>Renaissance buildings often use many clear glass window to bring lots of light into the building </li></ul>
  66. 66. Clear Glass Windows Renaissance Architecture

×