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Organization of Patent as Open Source Software based Open Access Repository Item
 

Organization of Patent as Open Source Software based Open Access Repository Item

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    Organization of Patent as Open Source Software based Open Access Repository Item Organization of Patent as Open Source Software based Open Access Repository Item Presentation Transcript

    • Organization of Patent as Open Source Software based Open Access Repository Item By MOUMITA ASH [email_address] 27 th Annual Convention of the Society for Information Science & Conference on Open Access Gateway to Open Innovation 24-26 November,2010
    • PATENT: a valuable primary information source
      • PATENT AS A DOCUMENTARY SOURCE
      • A Patent ensures the inventor to receive the exclusive right to control exploitation of the invention and to realize any profits for a specific length of the time, in exchange for disclosing an invention to the public.
    • PATENT: a valuable primary information source
      • As Patents represent extremely valuable intellectual property right and the Patent policies are varied from country to country. Accessibility of documents on different Patent related information become a basic needs for the researchers and related communities because patents provide information on the general utility of the invention and information about the practical application of the invention in industry.
    • INFORMATION CYCLE & PATENT
      • In traditional pattern of information flow, knowledge organization pattern and communication channels cannot fulfill today’s demand when more and more information specialists have an increasing need to search the full text appears to be further away than ever before. Though the application of web technology based information retrieval system has brought a significant change to the access of the patented knowledge.
    • Patent as Open Access Repository Item
      • Now emergence of the concept of Open Access Repository has created a great opportunity to archive the patent documents in digital format and organize the information for public access without any barrier of time, place. Among 1178 open access repositories of the world, 33 repositories include patent as repository item to open their research literature to the world wide and contribute to the knowledge economy.
    • Patent as Open Access Repository Item
      • According to Directory of Open Access Repository (Open DOAR) survey, among forty two (42) Open Access Indian Repositories, six (6) Indian institutions- Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, National Chemical Laboratory, University of Delhi, National Metallurgical Laboratory, Information Centre for Aerospace Science and Technology, Indian Institute of Science (IISC) have included patent as ‘repository item’. Institution like IISC provide full text patent document with relevant metadata.
    • Patent as Open Access Repository Item
    • Patent as Open Access Repository Item
      • Why Open Source Software as platform?
      • From the beginning, Digital Repositories have been developed mainly on Open Source Software platform, which is consistent with its philosophical backbone. According to Directory of Open Access Repository (Open DOAR) survey (updated on 24 th November, 2010), more than 60% open access repositories have been developed on Open Source Software platform.
    • Patent as Open Access Repository Item
      • Why Open Source Software as platform?
      • Three of the most popular IR software platforms are DSpace, ePrints and Fedora are FOSS(Free and Open Source Software). Not only Free, Freedom is the key of its popularity and acceptance.
    • Patent as Open Access Repository Item
      • Why Open Source Software as platform?
      • Open Source Repository Software like Dspace, ePrint provide content management facilities to archive patent documents in open access repository maintaining international standards, bypassing the financial, licensing and customization hazards.
    • How to Adjust ‘Patent’ as Repository Item
      • Customize Metadata Schema
      • Submission form designing
      • Indexing and Information Retrieval
      • License Customization
      • Policy Declaration
      • Designing Knowledge Organization Structure
    • Customize Metadata Schema
      • a case study on DSpace
      • DSpace use Qualified Dublin Core as default metadata schema as metadata format.
      • To overcome the problem of insufficient metadata fields to adjust patent documents within Dspace, a metadata structure can be designed.
    • Customize Metadata Schema
      • By using 'Administrator Tools' and 'Metadata Schema Registry' the necessary changes are done to make the schema usable for patent documents .
    • Metadata Registry as Administrator tool to adjust Dublin Core and other
    • Add New Metadata Field
    • Customize Metadata for Patent Documents in Dspace Table:Customize Metadata for Patent Documents in Dspace Field Repeatable Required Inventor(s) Yes No Title No Yes Alternative Title No No Country of Publication Yes No County of Publication Code No No Application Number No Yes Patent Number No Yes Application Date/Filling Date No No Issue Date Yes No Publication Date Yes No Assignee No No Type No No Language No Yes
    • Customize Metadata for Patent Documents in Dspace Table:Customize Metadata for Patent Documents in Dspace Field Repeatable Required Subject Keywords Yes No Abstract No No Sponsors No No Description No No format No No right No No
    • Submission Form Designing
      • Providing metadata to describe patent item according to customize metadata structure within Dublin Core metadata schema by changing ‘Metadata Registry’ (following Table ), the submission form has been designed.
      • To design the particular submission form for a particular collection (may be for a particular document type) the necessary changes have done in input-forms.xml file by following methods.
    • Information Retrieval
      • Different information retrieval tools and techniques are used in repository software. Meta tag specific different Searching, browsing facilities are for patents in open source software based open access repositories.
    • Customize Metadata Tags
    • Customize Metadata Tags
    • Licensing Issues
      • The license can be designed for open archiving of patent documents. It is distinctly declared that the problems will be solved on the basis of national and international patent and intellectual property right acts.
    • Customize License for submitting patent documents Example on DSpace platform
    • Policy Declaration
      • The basic objectives and copyright policy of the patent repository can be declared through software provided different templates to aware users about knowledge organization pattern and IPR policies.
    • Designing Knowledge Organization Structure
      • Knowledge organization pattern structure are varied with repository platforms. DSpace provide hierarchical community, sub- community, collection pattern. Separate community can be created for Patent or patents can be submitted as collection of other communities.
      • In future, it will be hoped large number of open access repositories will include patents as knowledge item with relevant metadata and information retrieval tools so that patented knowledge will be opened for all.
      Conclusion
    • Thank You