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Chapter 6 Psych 1 Online Stud
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Chapter 6 Psych 1 Online Stud

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  • Prepared by Michael J. Renner, Ph.D. These slides ©1999 Prentice Hall Psychology Publishing.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Motivation and Emotion Chapter 6
    • 2. What Is Motivation?
      • What causes (motivates) behavior?
      • Motivation = physiological or psychological factors that account for the arousal , direction , and persistence of behavior.
      • Parts of motivation:
        • (a) state
        • (b) goal
        • (c) variability in intensity
    • 3. Theories of Motivation
      • Biological theories
      • Instincts are unlearned; more complex than reflexes; triggered by environmental events called releasing stimuli.
        • Fight or flight
        • Altruism?
        • Survival
        • Competition?
    • 4. Theories of Motivation
      • Drives - Internal motivational states created by physiological needs e.g., need for food.
      • Drives produce motivated behavior.
      • Because drives are aversive, the goal of motivated behavior is drive reduction.
    • 5. Theories of Motivation
      • Optimum-level theories: there is a level of arousal at which organisms function best.
      • Goal: reduce discomfort
    • 6. Cognitive Theories of Motivation
      • Cognitive-consistency - b/t beliefs and behaviors
        • E.g., cognitive dissonance: incompatible cognitions provide evidence.
    • 7. Theories of Motivation
      • Maslow: motivational needs are arranged in a hierarchy.
    • 8. Theories of Motivation
      • Multiple motives often results in conflicts.
      • The most common conflicts are:
        • approach-approach,
        • avoidance-avoidance,
        • approach-avoidance,
        • and multiple approach-avoidance.
    • 9. Specific Motives
      • Hunger
      • Genetic factors play a key role in determining a person's weight.
      • The resting metabolic rate is the rate at which a person burns calories to keep the body functioning.
    • 10. The Body Mass Index (BMI)
    • 11. Hunger/Weight
      • Set-point
      • Anorexia-Nervosa
      • Bulima
    • 12. Theories of Emotion
      • The commonsense view:
        • emotional stimulus > emotion > physiological changes
      • James-Lange- physiological changes create emotions
        • emotional stimulus > physiological changes > emotion
    • 13. Emotion
      • Cannon-Bard > stresses the role of the thalamus in simultaneously relaying emotional input to the cortex and sympathetic nervous system.
    • 14. The Physiological Components
      • Blushing
      • Alexithymia
    • 15. The Expressive Components
      • Strong evidence for universal recognition of six basic emotions:
        • Anger
        • Disgust
        • Sadness
        • Fear
        • Happiness
        • Surprise
        • Interpretation = rt brain
    • 16. The Expressive Components
      • The Duchenne Smile
    • 17. The Expressive Components
      • Nonverbal communication involves communication through body language, movements, and gestures.
      • Compared with men, women report more emotional experiences and greater comfort with emotions.

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