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Lifespan Chapter 11 Online Stud

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  • 1. Chapter 11 Physical and Cognitive Development in Early Adulthood © 2006 Pearson Education/Prentice-Hall Publishing
  • 2. Emerging Adulthood
    • Emerging adulthood -- transition from adolescence to adulthood
    • Five key features characterize emerging adulthood:
      • Identity exploration, especially in love and work
      • Instability
      • Self-focused
      • Feeling in-between
      • The age of possibilities when individuals have an opportunity to transform their lives
    • (Jeffrey Arnett, 2006)
  • 3. Becoming an Adult?
    • Holding permanent, ft job
    • Taking personal responsibility
    • Playing house
    • Three variables related to success:
      • Intellectual fitness -- academic success, good decision-making
      • Psychological -- self-motivation, confidence, identity, values
      • Social -- community involvement, peer relations
  • 4. A. Physical Development and the Senses
    • Maturation mostly complete.
    • Senescence [next]
  • 5.  
  • 6. Physical Performance and Development
    • Most reach peak physical performance before 30
    • Begin to decline in physical performance around age 30
      • Sagging chin, protruding abdomens
      • Sensory systems show little change
  • 7. Motor Functioning, Fitness, and Health
    • Exercise
      • Increases cardiovascular fitness.
      • Muscles become stronger, body more flexible, endurance increases.
      • Reduces osteoporosis in later life
      • Range of motion is greater, ligaments more elastic.
      • Immune system functioning maximized.
  • 8. Health
    • Few chronic health problems, but still significant deaths by:
      • Accidents, suicide, homicide [p.311]
    • Lifestyle choices (drugs, alcohol, smoking, unprotected sex) can hasten secondary aging, but few think about it.
    • 5 years after stopping smoking, health risk is significantly lower
  • 9. Health: Violence
    • Major cause of death for men in early adulthood
    • Homicide is #1 cause of death for young blacks; 2 nd leading cause of death for Hispanics; 5 th for white.
  • 10. B. Obesity - A “weighty” concern
  • 11. B. Obesity - A “weighty” concern
    • Obesity -- BMI > 29
    • Linked to increased risk of hypertension, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease
    • Set point, metabolism, need to reduce calorie intake
    • Most young adults know which foods are healthy, but ignore good nutrition.
  • 12. C. Physical Disabilities in Young Adulthood: Coping With Physical Challenge
    • Number of disabled Americans ~ 54 million. (2006) Includes:
      • blind, deaf, wheelchairs
      • also those with chronic diseases or mental disabilities .
    • 1990 Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) mandates full access to public facilities and accommodations in education and employment.
    • Some nondisabled focus so much on disability that they overlook a person’s abilities.
  • 13. D. Date Rape
    • Date or acquaintance rape
      • Text: 2/3 college freshman women report having been date-raped or experienced attempted date rape.
      • RM: Way exaggerated!
  • 14. E. Stress and Coping
    • Define stress
    • Stress is a biological reaction to external events, in which hormones are released that cause a rise in heart rate, blood pressure, and respiration.
    • Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI)
  • 15. II. Cognitive Development
      • Evidence suggests that Piaget was WRONG that adolescents and adults think qualitatively in the same way (and many adults don’t think in formal operations).
      • Gisela Labouvie-Vief
        • postformal thought
  • 16. C. William Perry
    • Dualism
    • Multiplism
    • Relativism
    • Commitment
  • 17.  
  • 18. E. Sternberg and Intelligence (thinking?)
    • Robert Sternberg’s TRIARCHIC THEORY OF INTELLIGENCE:
      • Componential – analyzing data to solve problems; “intelligence” tests.
      • Experiential – using prior experience to cope with new situations.
      • Contextual – meeting the demands of the everyday world.
  • 19. Stimulating Creativity p. 323
    • Steps toward a more creative life
      • Set a schedule!
      • Keep a journal
      • Follow ideas that spark an interest
      • Wake up in the morning with a specific goal
      • Spend time in settings that stimulate your creativity
  • 20. III. College: Pursuing Higher Education
  • 21. Education & Poverty
  • 22. The Changing College Student
  • 23. The Changing College Student P roportion of 18-to-24-Year-Old Men and
Women Enrolled in College, 1967-2005
  • 24. The Changing College Student
    • 1/3 of college students today are 25 years of age or older.
    • Average age at CC is 31.
    • “ A college degree is becoming increasingly important in obtaining a job.” RM: Essential to a good job [next]
  • 25.  
  • 26. College Adjustment
    • Surveys: almost half have a least one significant psychological issue. [next]
    • Relationship changes
  • 27. When should college students consider getting professional help with their problems?
    • Distress that interferes with ability to function.
    • Hopelessness or depressed feelings.
    • Inability (or reduced ability) to build close relationships with others.
    • Physical symptoms that have no apparent underlying cause.
    • Sleep, eating, activity
  • 28. During the 1 st year of college What is at the root of this difference?
  • 29. Work and College
  • 30. Dropping Out of College
    • Half of all students drop out of college. Why?
  • 31.