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Cooperative Online Education : Independence with the help of others


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A 60-minutes presentation at the workshop: …

A 60-minutes presentation at the workshop:
New technology – new possibilities and new challenges?
Developing networks in teacher education and research
01.07.2011, University of Tromsø

Published in: Education

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  • 1. Cooperative Online Education Independence with the help of others Morten Flate Paulsen A 60-minutes presentation at the workshop: New technology – new possibilities and new challenges? Developing networks in teacher education and research 01.07.2011, University of Tromsø Slides available at:
  • 2. About me
    • Thought my first online, distance education course in 1987
    • Director of Development and Innovation at NKI Nettstudier
    • Professor of Online Education
    • President of EDEN
    • Doctor of Education from the Pennsylvania State University, working for the American Center for the Study of Distance Education
    • Has been Adjunct Professor, at the Athabasca University in Canada and professor associado at Universidade Aberta in Portugal
  • 3.
    • 20th anniversary in 2011, 8 in secretariat, 11 in EC
    • EDEN members from 400 institutions in 56 countries:
      • 20th anniversary
      • 200 institutional members
      • 2000 potential members of NAP – Network of Academics and Professionals
    • Conferences
      • Research Workshop, Budapest October 2010
      • Annual conference, Dublin June 2011
      • Open Classroom conference Athens October 2011
      • Annual conference Porto 2012
    • EU-projects with 168 institutions
    • European Journal of Open, Distance and E-learning
  • 4. NKI Nettstudier was established as a correspondence school in 1910
    • One of Europe’s largest providers of online distance education
    • More than 130 000 enrolments in online courses since 1987
    • Broad range of subjects from secondary to master level
    • About 400 distance education courses online (all in Norwegian)
    • About 13 000 online students in about 40 countries
    • About 70 % women
    • Individual progress plans/individual follow-up
    • Thousands of potential learning partners
    • Global student catalogue with 1650 profiles
    • Always room for more students
    • Exams at local schools and embassies
    October 2010
  • 5. College, vocational- and secondary school Picture from:
  • 6. 400 online courses Picture from:
  • 7. Partners Audio Journalism: Berghs School of Communication (Sweden) Video Journalism: UPDATE – Danish School of Media and Journalism Text Journalism: NKI Distance Education (Norway) Project is funded by Norgesuniversitetet (Norway)
  • 8.  
  • 9. Secondary school courses: Tonje Kvalvik 18 courses completed Vocational courses: Thor Steinsland 24 and Roger Skogberget 27 College courses: Trude Helen Flak 13 and Erma Bratic 14 Celebrating 100 000 online course enrolments in 2008 During the first 20 years, NKI’s online students enrolled in hundred thousand courses and spent many million hours of studying to reach their goals. This was celebrated August 22, 2008 with 5 students as guests of honour.
  • 10.
  • 11. There are NKI students who understand Norwegian in about 40 countries Translated by Google from
  • 12. Presented with permission from I now try to get a diploma showing that I can write. Have worked as a TV journalist … but now the Fibromyalgia pains restrains me so much that I have to work from bed in the future.
  • 13. Learning Centres Course D Course B Course A Course B Course C Course A Course A No teaching, but support, guidance and cooperation Access to computers and office facilities
      • 60 students 12 courses
  • 14. The book’s website: The Theory of Cooperative Freedom is described in my book, which you can download from the Internet. Online Education and Learning Management Systems: Global E-learning in a Scandinavian Perspective Also available at
  • 15.
    • The most interesting pedagogical challenge in our lifetime is to provide online education that combines individual freedom with meaningful cooperation.
    • I have struggled with this challenge since I first introduced my Theory of Cooperative Freedom in 1992.
  • 16. Now…
    • … the web2.0 and PLE services may help the theory suceed…
    • The most interesting characteristics of Web 2.0 is the development of social networks that are hugely successful since the users produce, share and refine information of mutual interest and benefit for all the community members .
  • 17. Some more relevant resources
    • E-viva em Portugal
    • Transparency in Cooperative Online Education
    • Cooperative Online Education
    • Cooperative Freedom and Transparency in Online Education
    • Visualizing student profiles
    • Transparency for Cooperation
  • 18. One may say that:
    • Individual learning is conducted alone
    Collaborative learning depends on groups Cooperative learning takes place in networks
  • 19. NKI provides cooperative online education Independence with the help of others
  • 20. Cooperative learning
    • Cooperative learning seeks to develop virtual learning environments that allow students to have optimal individual freedom within online learning communities.
    • Cooperative learning is based on voluntary participation in a learning community
    • Cooperative learning benefits from transparency
    • NKI’s Philosophy: We facilitate individual freedom within a learning community in which online students serve as mutual resources without being dependent on each other.
  • 21. Six Dimensions of Flexibility Challenge: How to provide individual flexibility and a community for learning?
  • 22. Six Dimensions of Freedom It is difficult to combine individual flexibility and cooperation
  • 23. Processos Pedagógicos em Elearning Each Study Unit had 4 Week-long Activities
    • Find, study and share materials related to the theme and organizing it together with ideas and thoughts in an annotated bibliography in your blog
    • Produce a learning object related to the theme, publish it somewhere
    • Write reviews in the forum on one annotated bibliography and one learning object published by colleagues
    • Take part in a structured discussion on issues related to the theme
  • 24. Activity 2: Examples of Learning Objects my students published in various web2.0 services!/group.php?gid=206533992596
  • 25. The unit structure is adopted by the EU-project e-teacher 2.0 | E-teacher 2.0 | |
  • 26. Summary of experiences from Universidade Aberta
    • The students publish their work in blogs (Blogspot, Wordpress etc.)
    • They share it in Moodle, Facebook and Diigo
    • They make learning objects in Toonlet, Glogster, Slideshare, Youtube, Issuu, Voicetread etc.
    • It’s much work to overview this distributed learning environment
    • The “entire world” can see our work and give us feedback
    • Many tutors and students may not be comfortable with this extreme openness.
  • 27. NKI Innovations in Online Education
    • 1986: First LMS
    • 1987: First online distance education course
    • 1996: First web-based courses
    • 1998: First online journal for students (Nettskoleavisen)
    • 2002: First m-learning courses
    • 2003: Speech synthesis in all courses
    • 2004: Individual planning system
    • 2004: Continuous tracking of turn around time
    • 2006: Learning partner system
    • 2008: Global student profiles
    • 2009: Individual progress reports
    Rosing Competency Award 2003 Baldic Award 2006 Tisip E-learning Award 2007
  • 28. NKI students have individual progress plans UA students have collective progress plans Copyright Atle Løkken
  • 29. NKI introduced the individual planning system in 2004 assignments that are completed assignments that are delayed according to the plan assignments that are planned
  • 30.
  • 31. In January 2009 we started to e-mail individual monthly progress reports to all students
    • Includes personal:
    • Contact information
    • LMS settings
    • Progress report
    • Planed progress
  • 32. Lists with information about next submission number and planned submission date makes cooperation easier
  • 33. Boldic Award 2006 NKI’s Learning Partners
    • Innovative service for voluntary cooperation between students in a large online learning community
    • International award for the Baltic and Nordic countries.
    • The jury stated that NKI’s Learning Partner Service: "Furthers and develops the Nordic tradition in ODL. The learning partner concept adds a new, innovative dimension of student support to flexible distance education.“
    • Learning partner - opportunities for cooperation in distance learning
  • 34. There is an online demo explaining in Norwegian how students may find learning partners
    • Make your personal presentation
    • Decide who may access it
    • Search for potential learning partners
    • Invite somebody to become your learning partner
  • 35. Presentations May 2009
    • All 10102 users of NKI’s LMS have personal presentations which automatically list relevant information about them and their courses as shown below.
    5299 of them have added some personal information, typically a photo and a description of previous education, work experience and personal interests as shown below.
  • 36. Presentations May 2009
    • All 10102 users of NKI’s LMS have personal presentations which automatically list relevant information about them and their courses as shown below.
    5299 of them have added some personal information, typically a photo and a description of previous education, work experience and personal interests as shown below.
  • 37. Transparency or privacy ?
  • 38.
  • 39. Transparency promotes cooperation Dalsgaard, C. and Paulsen, M.F. (2009) Transparency in Cooperative Online Education. IRRODL, Vol 10, No 3.
  • 40. Transparency improves quality
  • 41. Three degrees of transparency
    • Low: Private e-mail
    • Medium: Class forum
    • High: Global web2.0 services
    • Cooperative learning communities must balance transparency and privacy.
    • Students should be able to influence their privacy level
    • Which transparency level do you choose for evaluation?
    • Which transparency level do you choose for evaluation statistics and summaries?
  • 42. Online teachers deserve decent support services
  • 43. Continuous tracking of response time
    • Introduced in May 2004
    • Resulted in much discussion in the teachers’ online forum
    • A few teachers voiced strong criticism, doubts and reservations
    The average response time for all 150 teachers in 2010 was 1.77 days . In 2008 NKI introduced an automatic e-mail reminder to the tutors who had one ore more assignments waiting for 7 days or more.
  • 44. Quality goal: XX % of students positive or neutral My results last quarter/year: 93/84 % Average teacher results last quarter/year: YY/ZZ % Frequent, anonymous evaluation by students Automatic e-mail reminder if quality is under threshold value Quality Barometer
  • 45. Thank you I care, so I share: