How are traits controlled by dominant and recessive alleles? Individual alleles control the inheritance of traits Some are dominant and some are recessive Dominant alleles are always the ones you see right away
Explain how the alleles of two parents combine to express traits in offspring? Punnett squares determine the probability of the offspring The parents combine to produce offspring with traits from each of them
When did the project start and how did scientists hope to use this information (what were the goals in the beginning)? The human genome project started in 1990 Wanted to create a human DNA sequence Also wanted to complete Gene Identification
WHAT ARE THE IMPLICATIONS OF THE HUMAN GENOME PROJECT IN REGARDS TO ETHICAL, LEGAL AND SOCIAL IMPLICATIONS (ADDRESS EACH OF THESE IN YOUR EXPLANATION)· With regard to legal implications, care has to be given to the people in the system. How will it affect people, the insurance companies and also still do what is right.
HOW DID THE HUMAN GENOME PROJECT CHANGE CURRENT LAWS SUCH AS GINA (GENETIC INFORMATION NONDISCRIMINATION ACT OF 2008) The insurance companies are not allowed to discriminate against or disclose pre-existing conditions.
This section has information fit for a king or queen. Genetic Disorders
Compare and contrast the three different types of genetic disorders:1. single gene disorder2. chromosome abnormalities3. multifactorial disorders Single Gene Disorder- A disease caused by abnormality in one gene. ( hemophilia) Chromosome Abnormality- abnormality or aberration reflects an atypical number of chromosomes or a structural abnormality in one or more chromosomes. ( down syndrome) Multifactorial Disorders- These are caused by mutations in multiple genes, which may interact with environmental factors. Multifactorial disorders tend to occur later in life. (colon cancer Alzheimer's disease)
HOW CAN GENETIC COUNSELING HELP PERSPECTIVE PARENTS WHO HAVE A GENETIC DISORDER REGARDING FUTURE CHILDREN? If you get genetic consoling it can warn you about what is to come in the ahead. You can learn about what is to come in the near by future. Parents who have a genetic disorder can go to genetic consoling to find out about what will happen to children sine they have a genetic disorder.
How are karyotypes used to predict genetic disorders? It takes a lot of hard work to predict genetic disorders. First you have to understand meiosis, then you have to know about what would happen if you had too many of too few chromosomes in the body. A normal human karyotype has 46 chromosomes: 22 pairs of autosomes and 2 sex chromosomes.
I will give you the arguments on paper because there was no time to type All of them in and upload it. Sorry.
Argument 1 for Designer babies can be used to cure that siblings have. Stem cells are taken from the umbilical cord or bone marrow and are used to help the siblings http://www.reproductivegenetics.com/docs/designer_baby.pdf
Works Cited "Genetics Legislation." Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Web. 16 Mar. 2011. <http://www.ornl.gov/sci/techresources/Human_Genome/elsi/legislat.shtml>. "Define: single Gene Disorder - Google Search." Google. Web. 25 Mar. 2011. <http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&lr=&safe=active&rls=com.microsoft:en-us&defl=en&q=define:single gene disorder&sa=X&ei=1Z-MTfmHLqO20QGskoCoCw&sqi=2&ved=0CBQQkAE>. "Define:chromosome Abnormality - Google Search." Google. Web. 25 Mar. 2011. <http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&lr=&safe=active&rls=com.microsoft:en-us&sa=X&ei=R6GMTd6tOcHcgQeA3tmsDQ&ved=0CAQQBSgA&q=define:chromosome abnormality&spell=1>. "What Is Genetic Counseling?" Http://www.pregnancyetc.com/. Web. 25 Mar. 2011. <http://www.pregnancyetc.com/what-is-genetic-counseling.htm>. "Using Karyotypes to Predict Genetic Disorders." Learn.Genetics™. Web. 25 Mar. 2011. <http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/begin/traits/predictdisorder/>.