Endangered Species Cloning By Kyle Fuller Per. 1
Basic Principles of Genetics <ul><li>When a dominant allele is present, it shows up even if a recessive allele is present too. A recessive allele can only show if both alleles are controlled by the recessive trait. </li></ul><ul><li>When there are co-dominant alleles, there is a mix of the two traits. </li></ul><ul><li>The alleles of two parents combine for traits in an offspring by one parent giving one allele each to the offspring. </li></ul>T t T TT Tt t Tt tt
Human Genome Project <ul><li>The HGP started in 1990. The goals were to identify the genes in DNA and determine the sequences of the chemical pairs. They also wanted to store the information, improve tools for genetic research, transfer technologies, and address the issues that could be caused by the HGP </li></ul>
Human Genome Project <ul><li>We can imply that they want to find out a lot about genetics. You shouldn’t be able to buy genes or sell them. Also, people shouldn’t be outcasts because they have a certain gene. Laws should be made to prevent these problems </li></ul><ul><li>The Human Genome Project made the law GINA because they found out people could see what genes other people have and not let them have insurance </li></ul>
Genetic Disorders <ul><li>Single-gene disorder is caused by a mutant allele of one gene. It is a heredity disorder and is only present in a certain type of cell. An example is sickle-cell disease </li></ul><ul><li>Chromosome abnormalities are usually caused by a mistake in the egg or sperm. It is abnormal in every cell in the body. An example is Down syndrome. </li></ul><ul><li>A multifactioral disorder can be caused by multiple things. For example, heart disease can be caused by genetics or bad diet. </li></ul>
Genetic Disorders <ul><li>Genetic counseling can let the parents know what the chances are of a baby having a genetic disorder and if they should have a baby </li></ul><ul><li>Karyotypes are used to predict disorders because they look at the size, shape, and number of chromosomes. </li></ul>
Argument 1 <ul><li>I am against cloning endangered species because the money used to clone the animals should be used to save the animal’s habitat. There are less then 300 Asian lions in the world. Scientists want to spend $1 million to clone the lions. But if they don’t have any room to live, where will all the extra lions go? </li></ul>
Argument 2 <ul><li>Another reason that I am against endangered species cloning is that cloning usually makes animals deformed and puts them in pain. Dolly the sheep, the first cloned mammal, had arthritis. Also, when the extinct Pyrenean ibex was successfully cloned, it died within a few minutes because of deformed lungs. Animals shouldn’t be put in pain because they are deformed when the animal’s habitat can be saved. </li></ul>
Argument 3 <ul><li>One more reason that I am against cloning endangered species is that the only animals that have been successfully cloned are domestic. If you can’t save endangered species, what’s the point in cloning these animals? Sheep, cows, pigs, and mice have been. There is also a 2% efficiency in cloning farm animals and a chance that is next to nothing when cloning dogs, monkeys, and chickens. It will be much harder to clone wild animals. </li></ul>
Argument 4 <ul><li>The last reason I don’t like endangered species cloning is that cloned animals usually die young. Dolly the sheep lived just 6 years, but sheep usually live around 12. Animals that are cloned are sometimes are a lot like animals that are born prematurely. Sometimes their lungs aren’t fully developed or their hearts don’t work the right way. Going back to the lions, if the lions were cloned, it probably wouldn’t help the population because they would die young. </li></ul>Dolly the sheep
Conclusion <ul><li>I think endangered species cloning is a bad idea. It is a waste of time and money. Also, it is too hard to clone wild animals, it puts animals in pain, and cloned animals die young. For these reasons, it should not be funded by the government. </li></ul>
Works Cited <ul><li>Primary Source </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary Sources </li></ul><ul><li>"Human Genome Project Information." Oak Ridge National Laboratory . U.S. Department of Energy, 3 Feb. 2011. Web. 7 Mar. 2011. <http://www.ornl.gov/sci/techresources/Human_Genome/home.shtml>. </li></ul><ul><li>"Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues --Genome Research." Oak Ridge National Laboratory . U.S. Department of Energy, 16 Sept. 2008. Web. 7 Mar. 2011. <http://www.ornl.gov/sci/techresources/Human_Genome/elsi/elsi.shtml>. </li></ul><ul><li>"Single-gene Disorder - Glossary Entry - Genetics Home Reference." Genetics Home Reference - Your Guide to Understanding Genetic Conditions . 20 Mar. 2011. Web. 8 Mar. 2011. <http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/glossary=singlegenedisorder>. </li></ul><ul><li>"Genome.gov | Chromosome Abnormalities Fact Sheet." Genome.gov | National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) - Homepage . 8 Oct. 2010. Web. 10 Mar. 2011. <http://www.genome.gov/11508982>. </li></ul><ul><li>Essig, Maria G. "Chromosome Analysis (karyotype)." WebMD - Better Information. Better Health. Ed. Susan Van Houten. 20 Apr. 2009. Web. 10 Mar. 2011. <http://www.webmd.com/hw-popup/chromosome-analysis-karyotype>. </li></ul>
Works Cited (continued) <ul><li>"What Are Complex or Multifactorial Disorders? - Genetics Home Reference." Genetics Home Reference - Your Guide to Understanding Genetic Conditions . 20 Mar. 2011. Web. Mar. 2011. <http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/mutationsanddisorders/complexdisorders>. </li></ul><ul><li>United States of America. May 2008. Web. 22 Mar. 2011. <http://www.ornl.gov/sci/techresources/Human_Genome/publicat/GINAMay2008.pdf>. </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures </li></ul><ul><li>"Add-on Activities » Duke Safaris Hunting and Photographic Guides." Home » Duke Safaris Hunting and Photographic Guides . Web. 24 Mar. 2011. <http://www.dukesafaris.com/activities/index.php>. </li></ul><ul><li>Weiss, Kenneth R. "Polar Bear Is Listed as Threatened Species - Latimes.com." Los Angeles Times - California, National and World News - Latimes.com . 15 May 2008. Web. 24 Mar. 2011. <http://www.latimes.com/news/science/environment/la-me-polar15-2008may15,0,1220040.story>. </li></ul>
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