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Designer babies
Designer babies
Designer babies
Designer babies
Designer babies
Designer babies
Designer babies
Designer babies
Designer babies
Designer babies
Designer babies
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Designer babies

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Amanda Boiano's science project

Amanda Boiano's science project

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  • need to finish by march 25, 2011
  • Transcript

    • 1. Designer Babies Amanda Boiano Period 8
    • 2. Basic Principles of Genetics <ul><li>How are traits controlled by dominant and recessive alleles? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When the dominant allele is present, the recessive allele is covered up. So when there is a dominant allele and a recessive allele then the dominant allele is going to show up for the trait. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How are traits controlled with co-dominant alleles? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Co-dominance is when a trait is not dominant or recessive. An example of co-dominance is when there is a mouse with black fur and a mouse with white fur. Their offspring with not be white or black, but gray. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Explain how the alleles of two parents combine to express traits in offspring? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Using punnett squares ,you can find out the probability of your offspring’s genotypes. It is likely for the dominant allele to show up, but when there are two recessive alleles, then the offspring has a chance of having that recessive trait. For example, if it is for the trait of blue eyes, and blue is dominant the off spring could have blue eyes if they have the genotype of BB or Bb. If they get green eyes, the recessive trait then there genotype would be bb.   </li></ul></ul>
    • 3. Human Genome <ul><li>When did the project start and how did scientist plan to use this information? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The human genome project started in 1990 and ended in 2003, two years before scheduled. The initial goals of the human genome project were to understand the genetic makeup of humans, and to study the ethical, legal and social implications. The project also looked at other organisms such as the fruit fly and the mouse. Another goal was to examine and look at 20,000-25,000 genes in human DNA. Finally they wanted to improve tools that are used to analyze data.  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What are the implications of the Human Genome project in the regards to Ethical, legal and Social implications? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ethical- People this this is ethical to do because it will advance medical science. Others disagree because they are afraid of the problems that the outcome of this  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Legal Issues- One of these issues might be how a person’s right to privacy might be affected and protected in light of the information discovered. The government needs to make laws to prevent this. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Social Implications- In The Human Genome Project, people should not be discriminated against in terms of getting insurance, employment or anything along those lines because of there traits. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How did the human genome project change current laws such as GINA (Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008)? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://assets.opencrs.com/rpts/RL34584_20080709.pdf </li></ul></ul>
    • 4. Similaries and differences of: <ul><li>Definitions of: </li></ul><ul><li>     -single gene disorder </li></ul><ul><li>     -chromosome abnormalities </li></ul><ul><li>     -multifactorial disorders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>single gene disorder-   Are genetic conditions caused by the alteration or mutation of a specific gene in the affected person’s DNA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>chromosome abnormalities-   I nstead of a karyorte being in a pair or group it is single </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>multifactorial disorders- Multifactorial inheritance is the type of hereditary pattern seen when there is more than one genetic factor involved </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Baby with single gene disorder -----> </li></ul></ul>
    • 5. Argument 1- For <ul><li>Designer babies are good for many reasons. An example is, you have a parent that colan cancer runs in their family. Scientist can gentically create inside the egg or sperm (which ever one has the caner genes) to make it less likely for the child to get it years later. This is not a cheap procedure though. This is possible because scientist put the egg and sperm into a perti dish. Then they use chemicals to gentically create the features. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
    • 6. Aurgument 2- For <ul><li>Another pro of Designer Babies is, they can save lives. Some people are geneticvally created to save realitives lives. Some people have older siblings who are sick. For example, in the movie My Sister's Keeper the older sister Kate had lukiemia. When Kate was first diognoised they realized no one was compatable with her so they genetically created their second child Anna. Anna would donate her bone marrow to her sister because each one was compatable.  </li></ul>
    • 7. Aurgument 3- For <ul><li>Children can be gentically made to be smart. A parent can gentically make there child to be and look like anything. Some parents who have the genetic genes in their backgrounds like blue eyes run in there background. They can genetically create there babies to specfically have blue eyes instead of brown naturally. </li></ul>
    • 8. Aurgument 4- For <ul><li>Another pro of Designer Babies is you can selcet the sex of the baby. For example, if you desperatly wanted to carry on your last name you could gentically create your baby to be a male. A different example that is better is if in your country you can only have 2 males and one female and if not they kill the extra. So say you already have one female you can make doctors genetically create that baby so it is a male. </li></ul>
    • 9. Conclusion <ul><li>I would like the federal goverment to support designer babies because they can save peoples lives. I just think it is another necessity we need today in our lives. It would be able to save thousand maybe even million of peoples lives. </li></ul>
    • 10. Work Cited <ul><ul><li>&quot;AlbertMohler.com – Designer Babies — Gender Selection Experiment at Baylor College of Medicine.&quot; AlbertMohler.com . 2 Nov. 2005. Web. 24 Mar. 2011. http://www.albertmohler.com/2005/11/02/designer-babies-gender-selection-experiment-at-baylor-college-of-medicine/ . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;Designer Babies: The Facts About In Vitro Fertilization.&quot; The Indian Express: Latest News, Breaking News Live, Current Headlines, India News Online . 25 Mar. 2007. Web. 23 Mar. 2011. http://www.indianexpress.com/news/designer-babies-the-facts-about-in-vitro-fertilization/26543/ . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2006. Web. 23 Mar. 2011. http://www.washingtonmonthly.com/features/2001/0203.brownlee.html . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Picoult, Jodi.  My Sister's Keeper: a Novel . New York: Atria, 2004. Print. </li></ul></ul>
    • 11. Work Cited Continued... <ul><ul><li>Punnet Square. Digital image. Wikimedia Commons. 3 Mar. 2009. Web. 23 Mar. 2011. <http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Dihybrid_Cross_Tree_Method.png>. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital image. Nobert Bermosa. 7 Nov. 2008. Web. 23 Mar. 2011. <http://healthmad.com/conditions-and-diseases/common-and-rare-birth-defects-or-congenital-disorders-and-their-causes/>. </li></ul></ul>

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