The future role of the jsdf in east asia [compatibility mode]
The Future Role of the Japan Self DefenseForce in East Asia JAPAN GROUND SELF DEFENSE FORCE 2002.11.13
Agenda1 Introduction2 Characteristics of the 21st century3 Characteristics of the Asia/Pacific region in the early 21st century4 The Role of the Japan Self Defense Force5 Conclusion
The Characteristics of Security Concepts Definition Characteristic Handling issues to The concept of deal with security should differ the requirements from nation to nation, of protecting and it change even an entity within nations against a threat over the yearsNo Single Definition U.S. Lead
The Evolution of Security Concept Future Post-Cold Era Cold War Era The confrontationU.S. national security The diversity between East strategy of threats and West Multilateral or U.S. Multilateral Military Unilateral cooperation balance
The Evolution of Military Organization PREEMPTION STABILIZATION DETERRRENCE Effective and flexible ways Information sharing for coping with The main tools and multiple threats for waging warquick decision making or dangers New threat Terrorist attack Cold war threat (NBC) RISKPeace time War time
New Opportunities for MilitariesA Safeguarding the people . Terrorist attacks Attacks using nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) weapons . Large-scale disastersB Security of Social/ Economic InfrastructuresC Establishment of a Stable Environment
International Trends (Favorable movements)• Developed nations are taking a restrictive stance or the use of military force since the end of the Cold War.• Regional stability should be an international matter along with economic globalization.• Through information technology, information sharing is expected to become much easier and quicker.
International Trends (Unfavorable movements)• Transnational issues are increasing. - international and domestic terrorism• The proliferation of WMD and missiles.• Territorial disputes and conflicts caused by religious and racial differences.• Waves of computer crimes or cyber terrorism
The Asia/Pacific region in the early 21st century• The state level information gaps will be widened.• Non-state organizations will increase their anti-social activities.• The proliferation of WMD may intensify tensions between militaries in the future.• Unsolved Cold War issues ( Taiwan strait, the Korean Peninsula) will persist.• Necessity of the multilateral system will increase.
The trend of U.S. role in the world• The United States will likely continue to have an interest in maintaining its treaty alliances.• The U.S. – Japan alliance will remain the center of U.S. security strategy in East Asia.• The United States will continue to have a profound interest in strengthening engagement and ties with other non-allied nations. - China, Indonesia, Singapore, Malaysia, Vietnam
JSDF Role Now & Future Area As of 97’Guideline Now & Future Defense of Japan -Anti-intrusion Defense Anti-TerroristTerritory of -Anti-insurgency of Japan Japan -Anti-irregular Act Territorial Multi-national Crisis Action Security -Disaster Relief Force -Anti-Terror -Maritime blockade? MultilateralGeographical -SASJ US Support Cooperation US Support Area & Cooperation -SASJ UN Support -NEO ExpandedInternational Intl. Contribution PKO -PKO,HRO Intl. Area PKF -CBM Contribution -NP/WMD etc
The role of the JSDF through the UN and the U.S.- Japan Security TreatyNone-state asymmetrical warsProliferation of WMDThe rise of China Sep.11,2001 North Korea 1994 Future Post Cold War Taiwan-china issueResponse to New Guideline 1998the effectiveness The Cold War eraof operations Clarification of Guideline 1978 Japan-U.S.Information sharing Military role outsideTMD Focus on Japanese territory the defense of JapanReadiness for operation Self- defenseEnhance multilateralrelation For regional stability UN PKO in Cambodia 1992 in UN
A Viewpoint about Defense StrategyU.S. National Interests and Objectives○ U.S. security and the assurance of the freedom of action○ Implementation of international commitments○ Contribution to a healthy global economyDefense Strategy○ Assuring the security of allies and friends○ Dissuading adversaries from future military competition○ Deterring adversary’s threat and coersion against U.S. national interests○ If deterrence fails, decisively defeat any adversaryJapan’s National Interest○ Life○ Prosperity○ Recognition of its contribution to international societyBasis of Defense Strategy○ Japan-U.S. security arrangements as the foundation○ Avoidance of a military vacuum and practical responses to various situations○ Active contribution to establishing a more stable security environment
A Viewpoint about Defense StrategyReinforcement of Alliances and Partnerships○ National community with a common destiny and purpose○ Security relations that complement each other○ U.S. forces implement training and operations with allies to deal with emergency situations during peacetime ▪ Reinforcement of joint operations ▪ Readiness of joint operations in peacetime ▪ Participation in joint training and experimental activitiesMilitary Strategy○ Prevent invasion▪ Comprehensive defense system▪ Maintenance and reinforcement of joint U.S.-Japan defense systems○ Response plan▪ Japan-U.S. joint operations as the foundation▪ Prevent invasion at an early stage by efficient joint operations
A Viewpoint about Defense StrategyMaintenance of a Desirable Regional Balance○ Maintenance of a favorable military balance in regionally important areasSuperiority of Military Power○ Important technological innovation○ Space and intelligence capability○ High-grade military training○ Complicated joint trainingFocus point○ Concrete measures of joint strategy taking U.S. strategy into account○ Maintenance of military balance in the Future○ Maintenance of Japan’s independent thinking
The role of the JSDF through multilateral cooperation Multilateral Exercise * Humanitarian relief operation * Disaster relief * Noncombatant evacuation operations Multilateral dialogue Increased MIL-MIL relations expected to improve the effectiveness of ARF
the JSDF Transformation to Future response New threat Cold war threat Terrorist attack (NBC) RISKPeace time War time UN, U.S. operation Limited resources No weapon Legal limitation export Policy Combat mission Response to the effectiveness Conventional force of operations Japan Functional Homeland defense mission Joint command & control interoperability Information sharing U.S. Nuclear Force
ConclusionFoster U.S. relations and multilateral relationat the same timeIn order to establish a stable security environmentA Strengthening of credibility in Asia/Pacific region JSDF provide opportunities through multilateral Dialog and military exercises : PKO training center in Asia Promotion of the ARFB Efforts toward prevention of conflict in Asia/ Pacific region and buildup of credibility through U.S. and MultilateralC Accomplishment of international peace cooperation assignments Joint study with the United Nations
Missions Expansion Leading to ‘97 Guideline Area Cold War era As of 96’Taikou As of 97’Guideline Anti-intrusion Defense of Japan Defense of Japan -Anti-intrusionTerritory of Anti-insurgency -Anti-intrusion -Anti-insurgency Anti-irregular -Anti-insurgency -Anti-irregular Act Japan Action -Anti-irregular Act Air/Maritime Crisis Action -Disaster Relief Disaster Relief Crisis Action -Anti-Terrorism -Disaster Relief -Maritime blockade? -Anti-Terrorism -SASJ US Support -SASJ Action & Cooperation (UN,US) -SASJ UN Support -NEO CWC/NPT? Intl. Contribution Intl. ContributionInternational -PKO,HRO -PKO,HRO Area -CBM -CBM -NP/WMD etc -NP/WMD etc
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