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  • 1. Future Defense Exchange and Security Dialogue Between Japan and GCC countries Feb. 27 2009 Col. Hitoshi ISHIKAWAVisiting Fellow, The Henry L. Stimson Center And Japan Self-Defense Force (JSDF)
  • 2. Future Defense Exchange and Security Dialogue Between Japan and GCC countries
  • 3. Future Defense Exchange and Security Dialogue Between Japan and GCC countries
  • 4. GCC (Gulf Cooperation Council) = Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and UAE
  • 5. Challenges of This Region
  • 6. ・・・・Japan in this region・・・・
  • 7. Japan in this region, lately JSDF…
  • 8. * Japan as a new partner for the security related project* Part of smart Diplomacy in this region
  • 9. ContentsGeneral relations ; Japan and GCC countriesJSDF major activities in the Middle East so farRegional security challenges and efforts addressedFuture defense exchange
  • 10. Japan and GCC countriesFor Japan For GCC countries75% oil from GCC No.1 Export destination(90% from M East) (For Kuwait, Qatar, UAE)Export to GCC As for import from Japan Car, Machine, Japan is among top 5 Power Plant Desalination Plant Transportation System Fmr. TOYOTA CEO, Mr. Okuda at Bahrain As a Special Envoy
  • 11. Japan is a country fortunate enough to be seenwithout particular prejudices by the various countriesand factions around the (Middle East) regionInstead, what we often hear is that people hold Japanin a positive light as a rare example of a non-WesternEuropean country that has successfully modernizedwhile maintaining its own traditions. Foreign Minister Taro ASO (then) (At Middle East Research Institute of Japan) Feb. 28th 2007
  • 12. GCC countries interest in Japan (ex. In Education)The Emir of QatarThe Prince of Abu Dhabi Japanese Style School and Japanese Language Kuwait, Saudi, Oman and UAE also Japanese Language class or Students to Japan Emir of Qatar to Jp P.M. Prince of Abu Dhabi to Jp P.M.
  • 13. Japan is a country fortunate enough to be seenwithout particular prejudices by the various countriesand factions around the (Middle East) regionInstead, what we often hear is that people hold Japanin a positive light as a rare example of a non-WesternEuropean country that has successfully modernizedwhile maintaining its own traditions. Foreign Minister Taro ASO (then) (At Middle East Research Institute of Japan) Feb. 28th 2007
  • 14. JSDF major Activities in this regionRe : 1st Gulf War Minesweeping Operation in the Persian GulfRe : Middle East Peace Process UN Peace Keeping Operation on the Golan HeightsRe : The Long War (OEF-MIO) Replenishment Activities in the Indian OceanRe : Reconstruction Assistance in Iraq Humanitarian and Reconstruction Assistance by GSDF C-130H Airlift by ASDF Squadron
  • 15. Minesweeping Operation in the Persian Gulf After 1st Gulf War, 1991 6 ships (Inc. 4 Minesweeper) 511 Personnel Disposed 34 mines in 99 days Iran Iraq Kuwait Saudi UAE
  • 16. Between Israel and Syria (UNDOF)Since 1995 ~ NowUN Disengagement Observer ForceTransport Unit and HQ Staff Officers
  • 17. The Long War ; Support of OEF-MIO Replenishment Activities in the Indian Ocean Since 2001 ~ Now Mainly Fuel supply to US, European, Pakistan…… Pakistan Almost 100% DependencyFuel Supply to moving Pakistan Ship atSea
  • 18. Reconstruction Assistance in Iraq by Ground SDF Since 2004 Jan.~ 2006 Sep. Around Samawah , Southern Iraq Medical Training, Water Supply, Public Facility Reconstruct and Local Employment Dual Track with ODA “ Create friendly sea around us.”
  • 19. Lesson sharing(US Army and Marine Corps Counterinsurgency Field Manual)“Zen-like Paradoxes of Counterinsurgency” Sometimes…… - the more you protect your force, the less secure you may be - the more force is used, the less effective it is - doing nothing is the best way - some of the best weapons for counterinsurgents do not shoot
  • 20. Reconstruction Assistance in Iraq by Ground SDF Since 2004 Jan.~ 2006 Sep. Around Samawah , Southern Iraq Medical Training, Water Supply, Public Facility Reconstruct and Local Employment Dual Track with ODA “ Create friendly sea around us.”
  • 21. Lesson learned to others in AfricaLecture for African people at Cairo At Egyptian Center for Conflict Resolution and PeacekeepingJoint project : Egypt, Japan and UNDPExperiences of International Peace Cooperation Activities
  • 22. C-130 Airlift from Kuwait to IraqSince 2003 Dec. ~ 2008 Dec.From Kuwait to Iraq (Bagdad, Erbil….) by 3 C-130sGoods, Materials and Personnel for humanitarian assistance and reconstruction821 days mission, 673 tons
  • 23. Confidence Building Measures !?“Operation clean up Kuwait” ? - in the base - on the beach with local Japanese
  • 24. ContentsGeneral relations ; Japan and GCC countriesJSDF major activities in the Middle East so farRegional security challenges and efforts addressedFuture defense exchange
  • 25. Agendas ahead Gen. Petraeus pointed out to GCC Officials IISS Manama Dialogue at BahrainMissile Defense December 14th 2008Maritime Security OperationIntelligence CooperationCritical Infra. ProtectionTraining and Exercise
  • 26. NATO Initiatives (ICI)Launched in June 2004Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain and UAE joinedMenu1 Border security 7 Small arms proliferation2 Terrorism 8 Crisis management3 Defense reform 9 Military-military contact4 WMD proliferation 10 Peace support operations5 Civil emergency planning 11 Military exercise and training6 Conceptual planning 12 Military education
  • 27. Expert of GCC military balance saysThe GCC threat to the GCC - Poor mission focus - Lack of integration - Lack of balanced force development in manpower quality Anthony H. Cordesman CSIS - Problems in jointness and exerciseLeaders must take defense seriouslyEnd Feuding (inside GCC)End prestige buy and Focus on mission needs
  • 28. Basic Principles Japan as a favorable image nation Cooperate with US and NATO (keep a low profile) Promote security “modernization” and “liberalization” Contribute to the stability of the region Cultivate mutual understanding with GCC countries Strength the alliance with US and the relations with NATO
  • 29. Initial stepTo know each other wellBetter to increase GCC countries side visit to JapanMore purpose oriented briefing about JSDF for examples….Missile Defense Exercise Measures against Piracy (Future Option)
  • 30. Next step* In GCC countries * In Japan - Security related briefing - Observing JSDF exercise at GCC military school - Officers to JSDF school - Conference on security With pacific Partners GSDF ExerciseAt Cairo
  • 31. Further step (1/2) for the coordination among GCC Aug. 2008 Youth who lost relatives in conflictJapanese Diplomatic Attempts in Middle East Peace Process- Invite both Israelis and Palestinians - Joint trip exploring different culture of Japan - Discuss issues with full peace of mind - Quarrels, disputes, sharing of feeling and somechange….. - For civil servants, students, youth leaders, and journalists “Meeting in Japan, we would not be branded with any particularlabel”
  • 32. Further step (2/2) for the coordination among GCC How about this ? First, for young officers of GCC countries Then, for senior officers of GCC countries
  • 33. Basic Principles Japan as a favorable image nation Cooperate with US and NATO (keep a low profile) Promote security “modernization” and “liberalization” Contribute to the stability of the region Cultivate mutual understanding with GCC countries Strength the alliance with US and the relations with NATO
  • 34. For comprehensive peace in the Middle East,what is necessary is the mental "groundwork" thatwill make such peace possible …………………There is no doubt in my mind thatthere are certain types ofdiplomacy that Japan is uniquely able to undertake. Prime Minister Taro Aso (UN General Assembly) Sep. 25th 2008
  • 35. Question or Comment ?