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Group Dynamics I

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    Group Dynamics I Group Dynamics I Presentation Transcript

    • Group Dynamics related to sport performance I Sports Psychology A2
    • Topic aims:
      • By the end of this topic you should be able to:
      • Describe the nature of a group/team (mutual awareness, interaction, common goal).
      • Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of Steiner’s model of group performance (awareness of problems associated with productivity of a group/team).
      • Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of motivational factors(social loafing); coordination/cooperation factors (Ringlemann effect) and explain the negative influences on behaviour that cause dysfunctional behaviour and avoidance of an active and healthy lifestyle.
      • Explain the factors affecting the formation and development of a cohesive group/team.
    • What is a ‘group’?
      • TASK 1: Describe what is meant by the term ‘group’.
      • Think about what differentiates a group from people waiting together at a bus stop or sharing the same swimming pool.
      • ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    • What is a ‘group’?
      • A group is described as:
      • Members of a group that are interacting in some way over a period of time .
      • The members are aware of the groups existence and be aware of its effect and that they are members.
      • The relationships within the group will involve mutual interdependence, communication and conformity to common goals, norms and values.
      • Therefore, they will have group identity that differentiates them from other groups.
    • A group is defined as....
      • Underline key words.
      • ‘ Groups are those social aggregates that involve mutual awareness and potential interaction’ (MacGrath, 1984)
      • A group is ‘...two or more people who are interacting with one another in such a manner that each person influences and is influenced by each other person.’ (Shaw, 1976)
    • Unique Characteristics
      • TASK 2 : Note what you think are the unique characteristics of a group.
      • .
      • .
      • .
      • .
    • Unique Characteristics
      • Carron (1982) suggests:
      • Two or more people interacting
      • Sharing of a collective identity
      • Sharing of a common goal
      • Structured forms of communication.
    • How can we ensure effective group performance?
      • Pick one of the media articles you have been provided with and read through with your partner. Use the media article to complete the task below.
      • TASK 3: It has been suggested that the best group performance should come from a collection of the best players.
      • On a separate sheet;
      • Use examples from sport to illustrate why this has not always been the case.
    • Steiner’s Model of group productivity
      • Steiners suggested that a team is more than individual talents coming together. He suggested that group productivity could be measured by the following equation:
      • Actual productivity = potential productivity – losses due to faulty group processes.
      • TASK 4: With a partner, explain Steiner’s model of group performance.
    • Faulty processes within the group process
      • TASK 5: What do we mean by co – ordination when referring to a sports group? Give examples of good and bad coordination in sports teams.
      • TASK 6: Explain why players do not always give maximum effort when playing in a team.
    • Faulty processes within the group process
      • TASK 5: What do we mean by co – ordination when referring to a sports group? Give examples of good and bad coordination in sports teams.
      • We have discussed cases of elite teams breaking down and underperforming; this may be due to problems with coordination of relevant resources (process faults) e.g. Skill level, group experience.
      • There are two types of process faults coordination losses being one. This occurs when team work/strategies break down, are misunderstood or ineffective. E.g. “the team could not hold their new formation”
    • Faulty processes within the group process
      • TASK 6: Explain why players do not always give maximum effort when playing in a team.
      • This refers to the second process fault: Motivational losses . This occurs when:
      • an individual or group lose confidence e.g. The team underperformed at their last training session and are feeling underprepared for the match
      • are over or under aroused e.g. The team may believe it is an easy match and do not have play at their best
      • team members may not be putting in 100% effort e.g. It is not an important match in their opinion
      • individuals are relying on ‘star players ’ e.g. Players may feel undervalued in their team.