Attribution

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Attribution

  1. 1. Attribution Theory A2 Sports Psychology
  2. 2. Definition of Attribution... <ul><li>Attributions are the reasons we give for success and failure in physical activity. </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. I was not fit enough to play a full game. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why do we provide reasons?... <ul><li>Can you think of recent example where you have attributed success or failure to certain things? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Effects of attribution... <ul><li>What can attributions give by a team or individual to themselves or others affect? </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Effects of attribution... <ul><li>What can attributions give by a team or individual to themselves or others affect? </li></ul><ul><li>Immediate emotional reactions </li></ul><ul><li>Actual behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>Future aspirations </li></ul><ul><li>Expectations, motivation and future participation. </li></ul>
  6. 6. TASK 1 <ul><li>Write a scenario within sport and physical education which illustrates how attribution of success and failure may affect participation. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Weiners model of attribution <ul><li>Weiner’s theory attempts to categorise all attributions under common categories. </li></ul><ul><li>He placed these categories across two dimensions and added a third after further research. The two we need to learn today are: </li></ul><ul><li>Locus of causality: internal or external factors. </li></ul><ul><li>What is the cause? </li></ul><ul><li>Locus of stability: stable or unstable factors. </li></ul><ul><li>How stable is it? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Causal attributions <ul><li>List the causal attributions you think people may give for their level of success or failure. </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Causal attributions <ul><li>List the causal attributions you think people may give for their level of success or failure. </li></ul><ul><li>ability </li></ul><ul><li>effort </li></ul><ul><li>task difficulty </li></ul><ul><li>luck. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Weiner’s attribution model LOCUS OF CAUSALITY DIMENSION S T A B I L I T Y D I M E N S I O N Internal attribution External attribution Stable attribution Unstable attribution ABILITY TASK DIFFICULTY EFFORT LUCK
  11. 11. Weiner’s attribution model: reasons why I won my tennis match! LOCUS OF CAUSALITY DIMENSION S T A B I L I T Y D I M E N S I O N Internal attribution External attribution Stable attribution Unstable attribution I played better than her today She is younger than me and inexperienced I trained really hard up to the game I was lucky at match point; the umpire gave me a line call.
  12. 12. TASK 2: Copy out Weiner’s model and add examples of causal attributions: reasons why we lost the rugby game!
  13. 13. Task 4: Categorise the statements below using Weiner’s two dimensional model. Use the grids below! <ul><li>‘ Our year 8 Hockey team is not really good enough to win the county cup’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ The rain caused the match to be abandoned and saved us’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ We did the best we could’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ I wasn't that bothered about winning today’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ I'm not a good gymnast’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Our opposition were more skilful than us’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ The sweeper misjudged the tackle and allowed the forward to go on and score’ </li></ul>
  14. 14. TASK 4
  15. 15. TASK 4
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