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Attribution

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  • 1. Attribution Theory A2 Sports Psychology
  • 2. Definition of Attribution...
    • Attributions are the reasons we give for success and failure in physical activity.
    • e.g. I was not fit enough to play a full game.
  • 3. Why do we provide reasons?...
    • Can you think of recent example where you have attributed success or failure to certain things?
  • 4. Effects of attribution...
    • What can attributions give by a team or individual to themselves or others affect?
    • .
    • .
    • .
    • .
  • 5. Effects of attribution...
    • What can attributions give by a team or individual to themselves or others affect?
    • Immediate emotional reactions
    • Actual behaviour
    • Future aspirations
    • Expectations, motivation and future participation.
  • 6. TASK 1
    • Write a scenario within sport and physical education which illustrates how attribution of success and failure may affect participation.
  • 7. Weiners model of attribution
    • Weiner’s theory attempts to categorise all attributions under common categories.
    • He placed these categories across two dimensions and added a third after further research. The two we need to learn today are:
    • Locus of causality: internal or external factors.
    • What is the cause?
    • Locus of stability: stable or unstable factors.
    • How stable is it?
  • 8. Causal attributions
    • List the causal attributions you think people may give for their level of success or failure.
    • .
    • .
    • .
    • .
  • 9. Causal attributions
    • List the causal attributions you think people may give for their level of success or failure.
    • ability
    • effort
    • task difficulty
    • luck.
  • 10. Weiner’s attribution model LOCUS OF CAUSALITY DIMENSION S T A B I L I T Y D I M E N S I O N Internal attribution External attribution Stable attribution Unstable attribution ABILITY TASK DIFFICULTY EFFORT LUCK
  • 11. Weiner’s attribution model: reasons why I won my tennis match! LOCUS OF CAUSALITY DIMENSION S T A B I L I T Y D I M E N S I O N Internal attribution External attribution Stable attribution Unstable attribution I played better than her today She is younger than me and inexperienced I trained really hard up to the game I was lucky at match point; the umpire gave me a line call.
  • 12. TASK 2: Copy out Weiner’s model and add examples of causal attributions: reasons why we lost the rugby game!
  • 13. Task 4: Categorise the statements below using Weiner’s two dimensional model. Use the grids below!
    • ‘ Our year 8 Hockey team is not really good enough to win the county cup’
    • ‘ The rain caused the match to be abandoned and saved us’
    • ‘ We did the best we could’
    • ‘ I wasn't that bothered about winning today’
    • ‘ I'm not a good gymnast’
    • ‘ Our opposition were more skilful than us’
    • ‘ The sweeper misjudged the tackle and allowed the forward to go on and score’
  • 14. TASK 4
  • 15. TASK 4

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