ACTIVITY ONE (I) Read and listen to the following text, taking note of the different present simple verbs in bold.
ACTIVITY ONE (II) MY TIPICAL WORKING DAY My name ’s Daniel Winner, but people call me Dan. I work for a multi-national car manufacturer in the UK. I ’m a lead vehicle technician and I work full-time from Monday to Friday. I don’t work at the weekend. At the weekend I spend time with my family and do some sport or exercise. My normal day begins at 7 o’clock when I wake up . I stay in bed for an extra ten minutes, then I get up at 7.10am. I go to the bathroom first and have a shower, comb my hair, shave , brush my teeth and then get dressed. After this, I have my breakfast. I usually have toast and a white coffee with sugar. Finally, I leave the house at eight o’clock and go to work. Audio Play
ACTIVITY ONE (III) MY TIPICAL WORKING DAY I commute to work by train. Firstly, I walk to the station, or run if I leave the house later, so that I catch the train. The train leaves the station at quarter past eight. The journey takes twenty minutes, more or less. It is then a short walk to my workplace. I normally arrive at work at around twenty to nine. The first thing I do in the morning is check my emails. Once I have read my emails, I answer the most important ones before starting my tasks. I work at my workstation until lunchtime, although I stop for a coffee break at half past ten. My lunchtime lasts one hour and I eat in the canteen with my workmates. After lunch, I frequently attend meetings with colleagues from other departments to work together on projects. We operate a “clean desk” policy in the company so I leave my desk free of work at the end of the day.
ACTIVITY ONE (IV) MY TIPICAL WORKING DAY My work varies from day to day and I collaborate on many different projects at the same time. I work as part of a team of engineers. We design and implement improvements to the vehicles we are developing. I officially finish work at half past five but I often work overtime to meet deadlines in projects. This means that I leave work at half past six on many days. I walk back to the train station after work, except on Fridays when I go to the local pub to have a drink with a workmate before catching the train home. I work a lot and sometimes feel overworked and underpaid, but I really enjoy what I do , especially when I finish a project .
<ul><li>I work </li></ul><ul><li>I don’t work </li></ul><ul><li>I feel </li></ul><ul><li>My normal day ( it ) begin s </li></ul><ul><li>My lunchtime ( it ) last s </li></ul><ul><li>The train ( it ) leave s </li></ul>ACTIVITY ONE (V) DID YOU NOTICE! <ul><li>We operate </li></ul><ul><li>We design </li></ul><ul><li>People (they) call </li></ul>
GRAMMAR POINT ONE (I) We use the present simple when talking about habits or regular actions. We also use it to talk about facts, states, and feelings. Form: We form the present simple using the infinitive of the verb. PRESENT SIMPLE Examples
GRAMMAR POINT ONE (II) helped helped help drunk drank drink PAST PARTICIPLE PAST SIMPLE INFINITIVE
GRAMMAR POINT ONE (III) Do I eat? Do you eat? he Does she eat? it Do we eat? Do you eat? Do they eat? don’t eat don’t eat doesn’t eat don’t eat don’t eat don’t eat eat eat eats eat eat eat I You She,He,It We You They Question form Negative Affirmative Subject
GRAMMAR POINT ONE (IV) PRESENT SIMPLE Use We use the present simple for the following reasons: Habits and routines I have toast and orange juice in the morning. I go to work at seven o’clock. I don’t commute to work by train. Do you leave work at 6pm everyday? Facts The journey to work takes twenty minutes. Paris is the largest city in France. States I live in a medium-sized flat. Dan works for a multinational company. Feelings She likes working as part of a team. You feel great when you finish a project.
EXTRA GRAMMAR POINT (I) PRESENT SIMPLE SPELLING RULES To avoid making spelling mistakes, we follow some simple rules with the verbs. The spelling rules are used in Affirmative Sentences . In Negative and Question Forms the change is to the auxillary verb Do and not the verb. Verbs with the subjects (I, You (singular), We, You (plural), They) These do not change the form of the verb. It will be the same as the infinitive . Verbs with the 3rd Person (He, She, It) These change the verb: Examples
EXTRA GRAMMAR POINT (II) Most Verbs and verbs that end in vowel + y We take the infinitive and add S . Infinitive + S John drinks whisky and coke. Sally help old pople. My cat easts mice. Sonia enjoys doing aerobics He drinks She helps It eats She enjoys drink help eat enjoy EXAMPLE SPELLING RULE INFINITIVE
EXTRA GRAMMAR POINT (III) Verbs that end in consonant and Y We take the infinitive , then delete the Y and add IES . Infinitive - Y + IE S John cries at romantic films. Sally tries very hard at school. My new car carries 7 people. He cries She tries It carries cry try carry EXAMPLE SPELLING RULE INFINITIVE
EXTRA GRAMMAR POINT (IV) Verbs that end in O We take the infinitive and add ES . Infinitive + E S John does sport twice a week . Sally goes walking in the mountains. He does She goes do go EXAMPLE SPELLING RULE INFINITIVE
VOCABULARY POINT ONE (I) Different ways to leave a company Look at the following ways to leave a company: When you start working for a company you sign a contract. When you make the decision to stop working you sign a letter stating your intention to leave. This is to resign . (to) Resign ( regular verb ) Resignation ( noun )
VOCABULARY POINT ONE (II) Different ways to leave a company When you reach the age of 65 you can stop working and receive a pension. (to) Retire ( regular verb ) Retirement ( noun ) Similar to resign except that instead of you making the decision to stop working, the company makes the decision to terminate your contract. Popular terms : (to) be fired, (to) be sacked, (to) be shown the door (to) be Dismissed ( adjective ) Dismissal ( noun ) to dismiss ( verb )
VOCABULARY POINT ONE (III) Different ways to leave a company If a company is experiencing financial problems or restructuring it can reduce the number of positions in their company. The difference between redundancy and dismissal is that the company doesn’t replace the employee with a new person. (to) be made Redundant ( verb + adjective ) Redundancy ( noun ) This is for temporary employees whose contract ends and are not offered a new contract. My contract wasn’t renewed . A contract is not Renewed ( adjective ) Renewal ( noun ) to renew (verb)
VOCABULARY POINT ONE (IV) Different ways to leave a company Look at the following ways to leave a company: I leave the company each day at 6pm. (but I return the next day) I left my last company because I didn’t get on with my boss. (on a permanent basis) It can have a temporary or permanent meaning, it depends on the context of the sentence. (to) Leave a company ( irregular verb: leave left left )