Malcom X


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Biography of this famous black activist!

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Malcom X

  2. 2. Black people week in Tineo I.E.S Concejo de Tineo 4ºB
  3. 4. Who is the mistery man?
  4. 5. Malcom X
  5. 6. <ul><li>Malcolm X was born on 19 of May 1925 </li></ul><ul><li>He has also known as El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz in Arabic: الحاجّ مالك الشباز ‎ . </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>He was an African-American Muslim minister, public speaker, and human rights activist. </li></ul><ul><li>To his admirers, he fought for the rights of black Americans. </li></ul><ul><li>His detractors accused him of preaching racism, black supremacy, antisemitism, and violence. </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>He has been regarded as one of the greatest persons in his time who fought for the rights of black people in America </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Malcolm X was born in Omaha </li></ul><ul><li>When he was thirteen, his father died and his mother had been committed to a mental hospital. </li></ul><ul><li>His childhood played a significant role in Malcolm X's adult life. . </li></ul><ul><li>In 1946, Malcolm X was sentenced to nine years in prison because he became a criminal. </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>While he was in prison , Malcolm X became a member of the Nation of Islam. </li></ul><ul><li>After his parole in 1952, he became one of the Nation's leaders . </li></ul><ul><li>For a dozen years, he was the public face of the Nation of Islam. </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>In 1952, after his release from prison, he visited Elijah Muhammad in Chicago. Many members of the Nation of Islam, he changed his surname to &quot;X&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>In his autobiography, Malcolm X explained the &quot;X&quot;: </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The Muslim's 'X' symbolized the true African family name that he never could know. For me, my 'X' replaced the white slavemaster name of 'Little' which some blue-eyed devil named Little had imposed upon my paternal forebears.&quot; </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>The FBI opened a file on Malcolm X in March 1953 after hearing from an informant that Malcolm X described himself as a Communist. </li></ul><ul><li>Soon the FBI turned its attention from concerns about the possible Communist Party association, to Malcolm X's rapid ascent in the Nation of Islam. </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>In June 1953, Malcolm X was named assistant minister of the Nation of Islam's Temple Number One in Detroit. </li></ul><ul><li>In March 1954, Malcolm X expanded Temple Number Twelve in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. </li></ul><ul><li>Two months later he was selected to lead the Nation of Islam's Temple Number Seven in Harlem.He rapidly expanded its membership. </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>Meeting Fidel Castro and other world leaders </li></ul><ul><li>In September 1960, Fidel Castro arrived in New York to attend the meeting of the United Nations General Assembly. </li></ul><ul><li>He and his entourage stayed at the Hotel Theresa in Harlem. </li></ul><ul><li>Castro was so impressed by Malcolm X that he requested a private meeting with him. </li></ul><ul><li>At the end of their two-hour meeting, Castro invited Malcolm X to visit him in Cuba. </li></ul>
  14. 15. International travel <ul><li>Pilgrimage to Mecca </li></ul><ul><li>On April 13, 1964, Malcolm X departed JFK Airport in New York for Saudi .His status as an authentic Muslim was questioned by Saudi authorities because of his United States passport and his inability to speak Arabic. </li></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Malcolm X visited Africa on three separate occasions, once in 1959 and twice in 1964. During his visits, he met officials, gave interviews to newspapers, and spoke on television and radio in Egypt. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1959, Malcolm X traveled to Egypt </li></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>France and the United Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>On November 1964, on his way home from Africa, Malcolm X stopped in Paris, where he spoke at the Salle de la Mutualité. </li></ul><ul><li>On February 1965, Malcolm X went to Europe again.On February , he spoke in London, before the first meeting of the Council of African Organizations. </li></ul>
  17. 18. <ul><li>Malcolm X was assassinated while giving a speech in New York. </li></ul>He died on 21 of February 1965
  18. 19. POLITICAL SITUATION AT MALCOM X'S TIMES <ul><li>Warren G. Harding, president of the USA </li></ul><ul><li>What was the situation for the black people </li></ul><ul><li>And today? </li></ul>
  19. 20. Warren G. Harding <ul><li>Warren G. Harding was born in 1865, in Corsica , Ohio </li></ul>Harding was the oldest of eight children of sir Dr. George Tryon Harding, (1843–1928) and Phoebe Elizabeth (Dickerson) . When Harding was a teenager, his family moved to Caledonia, Ohio
  20. 21. He studied the printing and newspaper trade as a college student at Ohio Central College in Iberia , during this he also worked at the Union Register in Mount Gilead. He was the worst president of U.S.A because he was implicated a big swindle trick called Teapot Dome
  21. 22. <ul><li>1920 means for U.S.A a period of racism between every person who was mexican, oriental, jew , catholic or black </li></ul>WAPS(White Anglo Saxon Protestant)was established to protect the autenthic values of U.S.A KU KLUX KLAN helped to protect this values In 1920 there weren´t any civil rights for black people and other races
  22. 23. <ul><li>But today people don´t forget this </li></ul>
  23. 24. THE END