Environmental Justice Critical Urbanism Montgomery Norton May 11, 2009
Institute of Medicine of the National Academies (1999) - Toward Environmental Justice: Research, Education, and Health Policy Needs
Center for Health, Environment, and Justice (2001) - Poisoned Schools: Invisible threats, visible action
“ No group of people, including racial,ethnic, or socioeconomic groups, should bear a disproportionate share of the negative environmental consequences resulting from industrial, municipal, and commercial operations or the execution of federal, state, local, and tribal programs and policies” - EPA
“ Environmental Racism: denial of human rights, environmental protection, and economic opportunities” to communities of color (p.1).
“ Environmental justice is a civil rights and a human rights issue” (p. 2).
Health is the main focus of the environmental justice movement in the U.S.
Principles of Environmental Justice-Oct 27,1991
Preamble: “We... Fight the destruction and taking of our lands and communities, do hereby re-establish our spiritual interdependence to the sacredness of our Mother Earth; to respect and celebrate each of our cultures, languages and beliefs about the natural world and our roles in healing ourselves...”
U.S. EPA (1992) - Office of Environmental Equity (renamed Office of Env. Justice)
Executive Order 12898 (1994) - Federal Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations
CA Office of Planning and Research:
General Plan Guidelines (2003) - Sustainable Development and Environmental Justice