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11 Reasons to invest in Montenegro 2010

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Report by Montenegrin Investment Promotion Agency - 2010

Report by Montenegrin Investment Promotion Agency - 2010

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  • 1. 11 Reasons to Invest in Montenegro Dear Readers, There are more than 10,000 economic development agencies in the world today competing for something like the same number of projects. There are almost 200 countries trying to attract FDI. Still, there are a limited number of productive, strategic and visionary investments. Montenegro is rapidly changing and becoming the business platform of the Western Balkans. With many projects under way, consistent and strong economic development, euro as its currency, competitive labor costs, close proximity and access to South East European Market, emerging private uni- versities and lifestyle advantages, Montenegro is becoming a new business and residential location. With over 80% in privatization of the state enterprises, strong competition in telecommunication, gasoline import and distribution, transportation, with one private bank per 55,000 people and one university per 200,000 people, you can feel the upcoming dynamic of change. It is diverse, open, with its eyes on the future and better connected every day. Of course, you can observe from a distance or you can act. If you want to act, we invite you to work with us in shaping this change. We welcome the new ideas, capital, skills, and culture that investors bring to our economy. At the same time we understand that there are several factors that make companies choose one location over another for their business ventures: access to mar- kets and clients, the availability of qualified human resources, transport and telecommunications, among others. The business climate the government creates is another key factor for companies. Having that in mind, Montenegro stands out because of the cumulative effect, i.e. the fact that it offers all these favorable factors for investment, such as: 1. Stability and safety 2. Dynamic economic growth & development 3. Strategic geographic location 4. Hub for regional business 5. Young population with multilingual talent 6. Qualified human resources 7. Favorable tax climate 8. Pro-business government 9. National treatment of foreigners 10. Good quality of life 11. Easy business start-up We don’t pretend that we know everything. With 111 Frequently Asked Ques- tions we already answered for you, now you have 11 Reasons to Invest in Montenegro, so use the 1 Passport you have. Together we can create regulations suitable for the needs of the business of future. Let’s challenge our visions and move into new frontiers. Welcome! Dr Petar Ivanovic CEO of MIPA 1
  • 2. 11 Reasons to Invest in Montenegro Facts and figures in 2009: 13,812km2 294km 2,522m Area Coastline The Highest Peak 628,804 117km 16.7C Population Beaches Average Annual Temperature (Podgorica) Euro 643€ 68 Currency Average Gross Wage Economic Freedom Index 3,085 million € (2008) 5,000 € 5.6% GDP GDP per capita Real GDP Growth rate (2002-08) 1,070 million € 1.8% 12.5% FDI Inflation Unemployment rate Montenegro is a member of: • The Council of Europe • The Central European Free Trade Agreement • The Non-Aligned Movement • MAP Program of NATO Montenegro is a potential candidate for European Union membership (EU) and is seeking full membership in North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). 2
  • 3. 11 Reasons to Invest in Montenegro International Organization Participation: Council of Europe (CE), Central European Initiative (CEI), European Asso- ciation for Palliative Care (EAPC), European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), Institute of Certified Records Managers (ICRM), In- ternational Finance Corporation (IFC), International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRCS), International Labor Organization (ILO), International Monetary Fund (IMF), International Maritime Organization (IMO), Interpol, International Olympic Committee (IOC), International Organization for Migration (IOM), Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU), International Organization for Standardization (ISO) (correspondent), International Telecommunication Union (ITU), International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC), Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA), Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA), Partnership for Peace (PFP), United Nations (UN), United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations Industrial Develop- ment Organization (UNIDO), United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), Universal Postal Union (UPU), World Customs Organization (WCO), World Health Organization (WHO), World Intellectual Property Orga- nization (WIPO), World Meteorological Organization (WMO), World Trade Organization (WTO) (observer). Statements: I would like to congratulate the citizens, the political parties and the authorities of Montenegro for the free and orderly parliamentary elections held in Mon- tenegro, which largely met all OSCE and Council of Europe commitments. Javier SOLANA, EU High Representative for the CFSP, after the elections in Montenegro (May 2006) I welcome the application for EU membership presented by the Prime Minister of Montenegro to the President of the European Council. Today Montenegro has reached a historical milestone marking the country’s important engage- ment to common European values and fundamentals. Olli REHN, Enlargement Commissioner (December 2008) The United States is delighted with the progress that Montenegro has made in the last several years in developing as a state, developing as a democracy and developing as a country that is committed to prosperity, peace and stabil- ity for its own people. Stuart Jones, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs, U.S. Department of State (September 2009) For such a small country, Montenegro has so much to offer. Although the spotlight has only recently refocused on Montenegro, its beauty has long been recognized. Savills about Montenegro (December 2009) 3
  • 4. 11 Reasons to Invest in Montenegro Trust is the key element that we have and which we want to show to the whole world. The money is invested in the construction of buildings and infrastructure, as well as the creation of a company for the service and repair of yachts in Bijela, all with the aim of opening new jobs and sending a message that cred- ible investors exists, who have not given up but still want to invest its money in projects in Montenegro. Peter Munk about Montenegro (January 2010) Montenegro represents possibly one of the most exciting investment oppor- tunities in the Mediterranean. Montenegro’s unique geographical positioning enables it to attract visitors and second home buyers from both east and west; its Mediterranean climate and exceptional coastline, with an abundance of natural and historical features, are acknowledged by developers and hospitality operators alike as fundamental, long term attributes which make Montenegro highly attractive as an investment location today. Monteverdi Estates about Montenegro 4
  • 5. 11 Reasons to Invest in Montenegro 1. Stability and safety Since regaining its independence in 2006, Montenegro has proved to be a safe, politically stable and economically viable state with the potential to grow rapidly. Over the last two decades, Montenegro has been lead by a stable government and even during the collapse of the former Yugoslavia it was the only republic on whose soil there was no war. Taking charge of its own destiny and responsibility for stability, safety and prosperity led to new priorities: integration to the European Union (EU) and North-Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). The process of EU integration emphasized not only market accessibility, but acceptance of new values such as the rule of law and property rights protection. Simultaneously, integration into NATO is a safety mechanism in the sense of the collective defense guar- antees provided by NATO and its legal system. The country has signed the Stabilization and Association Agreement, whose ratification is expected in May 2010, has liberalized visa regime with the Schengen zone and has responded to the EU’s Questionnaire as a precon- dition for the Council of Ministers so-called Avis. As for NATO, from the end of 2006 when Montenegro joined Partnership for Peace (PFP) until the end of 2009 when Montenegro’s application for Membership Action Plan (MAP) was accepted, tremendous progress in defense reform has been achieved. Regardless of EU and NATO integration, Montenegro on its own has been im- proving stability and safety. Institutional design alongside security and defense services reform gave tremendous results. According to IMF, Montenegro is the leading country among transitional countries regarding FDI share in GDP (25%), while according to Standard and Poor this percentage is even higher (30%). 5
  • 6. 11 Reasons to Invest in Montenegro 2. Dynamic economic growth & development Since the introduction of the German mark in November 1999, and later the euro in February 2002, the country has had significant success in creating a favorable business climate and in attracting reputable foreign investors. These have played a crucial role in signaling to the others that Montenegro is an attractive investment destination. During the three year period before the crisis, Montenegro recorded the fast- est GDP growth in the region, with the average growth rate reaching 9%. A key driver of economic growth was an influx of the foreign direct investments (FDI). For five years in a row, the country has attracted increased FDI, be- coming a leader in Europe according to the level of FDI per capita. Despite the global financial crisis in 2009 Montenegro recorded even higher level FDI than ever before (€1.07 billion), with a somewhat changed structure of investors’ preferences compared with previous years and the energy sector attracting more interest. This was possible due to the overall course of continuing economic reforms relying on: (I) openness, (II) monetary stability, i.e. the euro as a legal tender, (III) a low level of business regulation, (IV) a low level of taxation (with corporate income tax amounting to 9%, as well as personal income tax, after gradual reduction within last three years); (V) free regime of capital flows; (VI) a high level of the economy privatized (80%) or under the process of privatization. Various world rankings prove that the course of the country’s economic reforms is a correct one: at the list of World Economic Forum, Montenegro improved in three positions and became the leader in the region, as well as according to The Heritage Foundation which measures the Economic Freedom index and has declared improvement of the country for 26 positions being ranked as 68th, ahead of Greece, Italy, and Croatia (92), Serbia (104) and Bosnia and Herzegovina (110). According to the World Bank Doing Business, Montenegro improved in six positions. Standard & Poors has given Montenegro a credit rating of BB+, confirming that Montenegro is a stable country with somewhat fragile economy, interdependent from various factors, but with strong motiva- tion for further reforms in accessing the European Union. Primarily due to the contracted banking sector activity and reduced produc- tion (especially in aluminum) in 2009 Montenegrin GDP declined 4.3%, but according to the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) estimations still in the negative rate are smaller than in most of the countries in the region. The unemployment rate increased to 11.3% in 2010, comparing to 13% in Albania, 13.7% in Croatia, 17.4% in Serbia, 24.1% in B&H and 33.8% in Macedonia. After a surplus for three years in a row, the budget evidenced deficit in 2009 amounting to 3% of GDP, while the country kept a relatively low level of total public debt, reaching 40% of GDP at the end of 2009. This influenced short-term adjustments through reduced public spending and stable capital expenditures, with infrastructure in the focus. Supple- 6
  • 7. 11 Reasons to Invest in Montenegro mentary measures refer to the establishment of the In- vestment-development Fund, which should support SME development, as well as the most competitive tax system in Europe, continues to show an improvement in the busi- ness environment through cutting unnecessary regula- tion, and further structural re- form combining the reforms in the public administration, education and health. In line with the described structural reforms, new investments in the infrastructure, energy sec- tor and tourism should drive the economy forward. Several important investment projects are expected in 2010 among which are: the construction of the first highway between Bar and Boljari, development of the Lustica peninsula, the construction of hydro power plants on the river Moraca, and the completion of the St Stefan resort. In view of the already completely privatized telecommunication, banking sector, import and distribution of gaso- line, services, it is expected that economic development will continue to be dynamic for years to come. 7
  • 8. 11 Reasons to Invest in Montenegro 3. Strategic geographic location About 500km from Rome, 1,500km from Paris, Berlin and about 2,000km from Moscow, Montenegro lies on the Balkan Peninsula in the very heart of Europe. Two international airports: Podgorica and Tivat Sea ports: Bar, Kotor, Zelenika Ferry boat: Bar–Bari–Bar, Bar–Ancona–Bar Railway: Bar–Podgorica–Belgrade–Budapest Total length of roads: 5.174 km Total length of railway: 249 km Montenegro is certainly one of the most interesting spots in the world. Even though it only covers around 14.000 km2 and it only has about 650,000 citi- zens, its contribution to the World cultural heritage is impressive compared to its size. Montenegro is a Southern European and a Mediterranean country. It is one of the most southern European states and it comes out on the south part of the Adriatic Sea. Its landscape combination of mountains, deep val- leys, natural ice lakes, sand beaches and attractive islands is breathtaking. Montenegro borders with Italy (on the Adriatic Sea), Serbia (to the East), Kosovo (to the East), Bosnia and Herzegovina (to the North), Albania (to the South) and Croatia (to the West). The border length is 614 km, while the coast length is 293 km. Due to its geographic location Montenegro has been and still is the meeting point of East and West. Geographic coordinates of extreme points are: North 43° 32’ (North latitude-NL) - 18° 58’ (East latitude - EL); South 42° 50’ NL - 19° 22’ EL; East 42° 53’ NL - 20° 21’ EL and West 42° 29’ NL - 18° 26’ EL. The country is located in the Middle Mediterranean or South East Europe at the Balkans. Podgorica is the modern capital, while Cetinje is an old, royal capital. With access to the Mediterranean Sea and hav- ing the Port of Bar as its most important south Adriatic port, this is a location precondition for a prosperous life. The Port of Bar may be used as an interlinking route to Africa, the Middle East, India, Russia and Asia. Besides the Port of Bar there are three other international ports – Kotor, Risan and Zelenika. Air traffic, sea traffic and up to certain extent railroad traffic are good linking networks for the country. An additional impact on the usage of a great location will be the new highway to Serbia as well as the Adriatic-Ionic highway that passes through Montenegro. A key question of strategic location isn’t the lo- cation per se, rather the usage of that location. We are looking at our geographic location as a base for prosperity. 8
  • 9. 11 Reasons to Invest in Montenegro 4. Hub for regional business Why can Montenegro become your regional business hub? At very least for the following reasons: a) Currency - we are using the euro. That means there is no hidden infla- tion and it is easy to calculate a consolidated balance sheet and income statements for your firms. b) Openness – perhaps the most important factor of all. This country with its forward-thinking legislation and with straightforward, friendly people is very open to business with you. c) Financial services – with 12 commercial banks, all of them private, doing business in Montenegro, the region and the rest of the world is made easy. d) Telecommunication – excellent connections with the rest of the world via optical cables, 3G Network and a fast Internet-based service repre- sent a good foundation for your business communications. e) Connectivity - Flight connection: with daily flights to all regional capitals and major cities in Europe, it is easy to travel to Montenegro for business. Port of Bar: with favorable geographic position (42◦ 0` north latitude and 19◦05` east longitude), together with the railway line Belgrade-Bar and the road network represent a compatible traffic system that enables rational connections to the Port and its surrounding area. 9
  • 10. 11 Reasons to Invest in Montenegro 5. Young population with multilingual talent Young people in Montenegro today are facing problems and challenges that require new attitudes, knowledge and skills, a certain willingness to continu- ously learn and change, and a more rational approach to life. According to the Census 2003, out of 620,145 inhabitants, there were 143,338 between the ages of 15 and 29, which make up 23.2% of the total population. The education process of young people, regarding both foreign language learn- ing and other forms of education, is implemented through formal, non-formal and informal education. Basic aspects of language learning for young people are a university education, education within foreign language schools and on the basis of young people’s mobility, whether it is about educational, cultural or tourist mobility. Knowledge of the English language is widely spread, but other languages such as French, Russian, Italian and German are studied as well in the high schools or at the university level. Beside these, according to the list of licensed educational institutions, 15 foreign language schools are currently operating in Montenegro. The mobility of young people is a significant solution in learning foreign lan- guages. Cooperation between educational institutions and relevant international ones is established at all levels, both European and world-wide on the basis of bilateral agreements. The scope and diversity of students’ mobility is on a much higher level today than in the past few years. The mobility, primarily of students, and then of other young people was actualized through CEEPUS, TEMPUS, INTERREGA, and WUS Austria programs. Within the activities of the Montenegrin Academy of Arts and Science, partici- pation was at the following activities: ALLEA, EASA, EMAN, IACSEE, ISCU, CEEN. Planned activities on joint projects and study visits in 22 national Academies of Arts and Science were carried out as well. A large degree of youth mobility is achieved by virtue of the Association for Democratic Prosperity through short-term and long-term volunteer exchanges. The Forecast Exchange Program also enhances youth mobility in Montene- gro. Besides all this, the number of young people who opt for certain kinds of internships and seasonal jobs abroad is growing and one of the most popular programs of this kind is “Work and Travel” USA. In addition, Montenegro is part of The Southeastern European Era-Net, a networking project aimed at integrating EU member states and Southeast European countries in the European Research Area by linking research activi- ties within existing national, bilateral and regional RTD programs. 10
  • 11. 11 Reasons to Invest in Montenegro 6. Qualified human resources A qualified workforce is a critical prerequisite for the overall economic devel- opment of Montenegro. In order to achieve a higher level of development, em- phasis in the recent past was given to efficient hu- man resource development and learning society. There are three universities (one state and two private) in Montenegro. The number of students went up 12,903 in the school year 2005/06, and to 20,409 in the school year 2008/09. At the same period the number of facul- ty graduates went up from 1,656 to 2,812. University of Montenegro has 17 faculties: Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Metallurgy and Technology, Natural Sciences and Mathematics, Civil Engineering, Architec- ture, Economics, Law, Political Science, Medicine, Philosophy, Marine Studies, Tourism and Hotel Management, Drama, Fine Arts, Practical Physiotherapy and Music Academy. University Donja Gorica has five faculties: the Faculty for Inter- national Economics, Finance and Business, the Faculty of Legal Sciences, the Faculty of Information Systems and Technology, the Faculty of Arts and Humanities studies, and the Center for Foreign Languages. University Mediteran has four faculties: the Faculty of Informa- tion Technology, the Faculty of Visual Arts, the Faculty of Foreign Languages and the Faculty of Law, as well as two schools for tourism and for business. Improvements of even general population education structure are visible. Comparedd to 1991, the percentage of population 15+ years of age without an education was reduced by half to only 4.3%, while the percentage of the population with a high school education reached 50%. Almost 13% of those 15 years of age and older do have a high school education and a faculty degree. Education of the workforce is oriented towards complying with the demands of modern, democratic and economically developed society and the market economy, the promotion of personal and professional development of students, 11
  • 12. 11 Reasons to Invest in Montenegro and providing knowledge and skills necessary for further studies, life and work, personal interests and life-long learning, ultimately aiming for the establishment of an educational system compatible with other European systems. The improvement of work force qualifications is not only evident in terms of the improvement of higher education, but also in terms of other forms of edu- cation, additional qualification, etc.. The Strategy for Adult Education serves as a good example: it was developed for the purpose of contributing to the growth of competitiveness, employment and entrepreneurship. 12
  • 13. 11 Reasons to Invest in Montenegro 7. Favorable Tax Climate The Montenegrin tax system is a flat one. Very few countries in the world have a flat system and that in itself creates a lot of advantages, simplicity above all. In addition, all major tax rates in Mon- tenegro are very competitive with re- spect to other countries in the region, and in many aspects Montenegro is working to make its tax system even more attractive. The Corporate In- come Tax, which is equal to 9%, is the lowest in the region. The VAT rate amounts to 17%, with the imple- mentation of the rate of 7% on some categories of products and services. Personal income tax is also 9%. All investors are able to remit dividend and interest profit in the full amount, without any restrictions. 13
  • 14. 11 Reasons to Invest in Montenegro 8. Pro-business government Strong commitment to a pro-business government is clearly expressed by the improved business climate and progressively increasing FDI. According to the World Bank Do- ing Business 2010, Montenegro improved its position by six places and currently is ranked 71 out of 183 economies. Montenegro joined Central European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA) in 2007. From January 2008, the coun- try has been implementing the trade- related provisions of the Stabilization and Association Agreement (SAA) with the EU. Trade liberalization will continue in 2010-11, alongside the country’s efforts to join the WTO. The regulatory process in Montenegro is open and transparent. The business community is welcome to provide comments on draft legislation. Laws before the Parliament can be found on the Parliament website. Legislation, once it is passed, is published in an Official Gazette. All national legislation is available via the Internet in the Montenegrin language, while a majority of it is available in English as well. In addition to that, almost all major strategies adopted by the Government of Montenegro are also available in English. All firms registered in Montenegro are under the Commercial Court’s legal authority. The Court maintains computerized registry and provides public ac- cess to company information. A substantial body of laws protects foreign investors. Pursuant to the Foreign Investment Law (Official Gazette of Montenegro No. 52/00), foreign investors enjoy the same legal status and have the same rights and obligations as local investors. A foreign investor may establish a company on the territory of Monte- negro or invest in a company’s assets in accordance with the same procedures and meeting the same requirements as applied for the residents. According to the Business Organization Law (Official Gazette of Montenegro, No. 17/07), foreigners can be directors and members of the board within the companies. In accordance to the Law on Foreign Current and Capital Operations (“Official Gazette of Montenegro” No. 45/05, 62/08)), foreign investors in Montenegro can acquire ownership and are disposed upon means of payment denomi- nations in currency other than euro, and to perform business and payment operations in currency other than euro. 14
  • 15. 11 Reasons to Invest in Montenegro The Labour Law was brought more in line with EU requirements: employment was made more flexible, restrictions on redundancy dismissals were eased, and the notice period for redundancy dismissals was shortened. A Government Agency, Montenegrin Investment Promotion Agency (MIPA), is a promoter of investment projects. Among other things, MIPA assists investors in obtaining permits and licenses; helps investors in locating Greenfield and Brownfield site options according to their specific requirements; and also gives initiatives and supports cooperation with domestic supplier companies and other local partners. So far, MIPA has provided many one-stop-shop services for potential foreign investors. 15
  • 16. 11 Reasons to Invest in Montenegro 9. National treatment of foreigners Foreign investors in Montenegro are guaranteed national treatment by law. You can freely set up a new company, invest in it or buy an existing company or share of a company. Foreign persons can have property rights on movable or immovable assets and property, and have inheritance rights the same as a Montenegrin, as well as free transfer of assets and property to foreign or domestic legal and natural persons. There is no limit on the amount of investment capital. Foreign inves- tors are allowed to invest in any in- dustry and freely transfer all financial and other assets, including prof- its and dividends. All major national and international investment insur- ance companies insure investment projects in Montenegro. The only limitations are that foreign per- sons cannot have property rights on: natu- ral wealth, common goods, agricultural land, forest and forest land, cultural monu- ments and immovable property within 1 km of the border line. However foreign person can have rights for concession, long term rent, BOT arrangements, and public-private partnership on the above mentioned categories the same as a do- mestic person. NO VISA REGIME For most countries, there is no visa regime in Montenegro. The nationals of the Re- public of Austria, the Kingdom of Belgium, the Republic of Greece, the Kingdom of Denmark, the Republic of Estonia, the Republic of Italy, the Republic of Ireland, the Republic of Cyprus, the Republic of 16
  • 17. 11 Reasons to Invest in Montenegro Lithuania, the Republic of Latvia, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Repub- lic of Malta, the Republic of Hungary, the Federal Republic of Germany, the Republic of Poland, the Republic of Portugal, Slovak Republic, the Republic of Slovenia, the Republic of Finland, the Republic of France, the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the Czech Republic, the Kingdom of Spain, the Kingdom of Sweden and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland may enter and stay within the territory of Montenegro for up to 90 days and may be in transit over the territory of Montenegro on the basis of a valid travel document. Also, citizens from other countries that require visas to enter Montenegro, with a valid Schengen or US visa can stay in Montenegro up to seven days. Foreign persons can request permission for temporary or permanent resi- dence in Montenegro. Temporary permission is granted with a work permit. If the foreign person has a temporary residence in Montenegro for longer than five years, he acquires rights to obtain permanent residence status. 17
  • 18. 11 Reasons to Invest in Montenegro 10. Good quality of life Montenegro is a country of contrasts: from the mild Mediterranean to a severe mountainous climate, from fruitful plains and river valleys to high and arid mountains. On its rather small surface area, a cultural heritage originated from the time of the first human communities until the present. It is almost a privilege to be situated on the boundary of two large civilizations (eastern and western), three great religions (Orthodox, Catholic and Islamic), numerous known and unknown builders, painters and carvers, masters of sophisticated crafts, writers, transcribes and typographers, from whom we inherited the masterpieces of their hands and their spirit, sublimated nowadays into a wealthy cultural heritage. Two UNESCO World Heritage sites are located in Montenegro: the Old Town of Kotor as a cultural heritage and Durmitor National Park as a natural heritage. Cultural life in Montenegro is quite rich. There are nine theaters (five professional) with over 250 performances per year, 42 radio stations, 19 TV stations and 20 public libraries. Year by year the number of events is increasing, including concerts of well known musicians, fashion shows, Formula One boat races, international music festivals, etc. Over 1,000 sports clubs are registered in Montenegro. The most popular sports are football, basketball, handball, volleyball, waterpool and tennis. The large number of the restarurants, coffee bars and services to support your business needs, together with 240 sunny days at the costal area, offers a strong foundation for an excellent quality of life. 18
  • 19. 11 Reasons to Invest in Montenegro 11. Easy business start-up Registering a business in Mon- tenegro is an easy process. All companies need to be registered within the Central Registry of the Commercial Court (www.crps.me). All you need is the Founding Act, the Bylaw, a copy of the passport (in the case that you are founding a company as a natural person) or a notarized copy of your company’s Registration Act if you decide to start a business as a legal person from another country. Minimum founding capital is 1€ and fees are 22€. The whole process is com- plete within 4 days and if you do not receive the registration within that time frame you are consider automatically registered. Registration can be done in the capital, Podgorica, or in Bijelo Polje, located at the northern part of the country. Very soon we will offer online registration. You can choose to establish one of the following types of companies: Limited Liability Company, Joint Stock Company, General Part- nership, Limited Partnership, Entrepreneur or a branch of a foreign company. Currently there are more than 42,000 companies registered in Montenegro, out of which over 5,000 are with foreign ownership. After registering at the Commercial Court, the next step is registration within the Statistics Office. You need 1 day and a fee of 5€ to finish that process. In order to open a bank account you can choose among 11 banks operating in Montenegro. The process takes only a couple of minutes. One company can have multiple accounts in different banks. Montenegro introduced a one stop shop system for registration within the Tax authority. With a single document, you can obtain your Tax ID Number and VAT number, as well as regulate your Health Care and Pension contribution. For obtaining licenses for specific business activities, contact the Secretariat for Economy/Entrepreneurship within the municipality. For most activities (such as services, trade, and those that do not have an impact on general health or safety), a company need only file a one page report to the Secretariat and is considered to be licensed. 19
  • 20. 11 Reasons To Invest In Montenegro Edition 2010 Authors: Dr Petar Ivanović, Ivana Begović, Nina Radović, Blagota Radulović Publisher: Montenegrin Investment Promotion Agency Graphic design and layout: Marko Mihailović, M Studio Print: Montcarton, Podgorica Number of copies: 2,000 May 2010 CIP – Каталогизација у публикацији Централна народна библиотека Црне Горе, Цетиње 339.727.22(497.16)(036) ELEVEN Reasons To Invest 11 Reasons To Invest In Montenegro / [Petar Ivanović ...et al.]. - Podgorica : Montenegrin Investment Promotion Agency (MIPA), 2010 (Podgorica : Montcarton). - 19 str. : ilustr. ; 27 cm Kor nasl. – Podatak o autorima preuzet iz kolofona. - Tiraž 2000. ISBN 978-9940-9011-4-1 1. Ивановић, Петар [аутор] a) Инвестиције, иностране - Црна Гора - Водичи COBISS.CG-ID 16037136

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