Impact fires in galician forest economy (Fireman Project 30.09.10)
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Impact fires in galician forest economy (Fireman Project 30.09.10)

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Encuentro Proyecto Europeo “FIREMAN”...

Encuentro Proyecto Europeo “FIREMAN”
http://www.fireman-europe.com/

Castelo de Santa Cruz, CEIDA, Oleiros, A Coruña.
30 Septiembre-1 Octubre
Encuentro de Participantes en la Gestión de Montes y Prevención de Incendios.

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    Impact fires in galician forest economy (Fireman Project 30.09.10) Impact fires in galician forest economy (Fireman Project 30.09.10) Presentation Transcript

    •  
    • Galicia in figures
      • 2.7 million inhabitants (stagnating, ageing, coastal zone >70% inland <30%)
      • Total extension: aprox. 3 M ha ( approximately the size of Belgium )
      • G eographical dispersal of the population (76% in municipalities < 2 000 inhabitants)
      • Own Language (Galician)
      • Primary sectors relevant to economy
      • (Agriculture, Fishing, Forestry[+FBI],…)
      • Other important sectors
        • (Energy, car industry, textile …)
      • Still Convergence Region
      •  
      • “ dhas arboledas non son brauas sino que se ponen y plantan y cultivan … dhas arboledas crian en heredades propias limitadas y amojonadas como si fusen huertas o viñas y las benefician curándolas y labrándolas y cortando de ellas de tantos en tantos años muy amenudo porque la tierra es de tal calidad que quantomas se cortare, tanto mas naçe y crece y es tanta la arboleda que produce que tiene necesidad de yrla entresacando todos los años”.
      Galicia, Cradle of Silviculture? Galicia: Cuna de la Selvicultura Letter sent in 1574 to King Phillip II (Felipe II) by the regent and majors of the cities of the Old Kingdom of Galicia
    •  
      • Galicia produces:
      • 50-55% Spanish roundwood
      • 40% Spanish Sawnwood,
      • 33% Spanish Panels, (74% Spanish Fibreboards and MDF) .
      • 30% Spanish Pulp (Supplying 50% Spanish Wood for pulp production)
    • Forest Based Industries in Galicia, main figures
      • Annual turnover in Galicia: >2.000 M€ (3-4 % Galician GDP)
      • Direct Employment: 15.000 persons (1,3% Galician workers)
      • Induced Employment: 60.000 persons (5,3% Galician workers)
      • Of which in rural areas: 65 %
      • Responsible of 5% of Galician trade to EU and overseas
    • Forest Based Industries in Galicia, key for interterritorial balance Location of Galician Forest Based Industries Counties where FBI employment > 25% of total
    • Forest Ownership in Galicia 98% of the forest is PRIVATE FOREST 672.000 individual forest owners (in a 2.7 million population) less than 2 hectares in 2 or 3 different plots per owner . 80% of the plots is smaller than 0,5 ha. 2.800 private communal forests average size 250 ha, 36% public management through contracts
    • 2006 Forest Fires Regarding Galician Forest Services estimations 96.000 has affected 55.000 has of dense forest burned More than 4 M m3 affected 7.500 population entities menaced
    • Direct Impact on Galician Forest Based Industries
    • Direct Impact on Galician FBIs
      • Losses on Forests Owned or Managed by Companies:
      • 2006 - 15% of Forests Owned by Companies were affected
      • Losses on stumpage stock:
      • 2006 - 45.000 tons bought on stumpage burned before been harvested
      • Firefighting effort by FBI
          • In 2006 more than 200 industry employees equiped with forest machinery were involved in firefighting - RISK
      • Damages on Industrial sites: (yards, powerlines,…)
    • Medium-Long Term Impact on Galician FBIs
      • Inminent lack of Local Raw Material
      • Close-down and relocation Risk
    • Medium-Long Term Impact on Galician FBIs
    • Medium-Long Term Impact on Galician FBIs Small forest owner withdrawal
      • Changes in Policies and Budget Allocation
      • Short term vs Long term ……. Expenses vs Investments
      45 55 65 75 85 95 105 115 125 135 2003 2004 2005 2006 (p) 2007 (proy) Millones de € Prevencion y Defensa contra Incendios RESTO PROGRAMAS Medium-Long Term Impact on Galician FBIs 2010
    • Vale máis unha terra con árbores nos montes que un estado con ouro nos bancos. Alfonso Daniel Rodriguez Castelao