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Impact fires in galician forest economy (Fireman Project 30.09.10)
Impact fires in galician forest economy (Fireman Project 30.09.10)
Impact fires in galician forest economy (Fireman Project 30.09.10)
Impact fires in galician forest economy (Fireman Project 30.09.10)
Impact fires in galician forest economy (Fireman Project 30.09.10)
Impact fires in galician forest economy (Fireman Project 30.09.10)
Impact fires in galician forest economy (Fireman Project 30.09.10)
Impact fires in galician forest economy (Fireman Project 30.09.10)
Impact fires in galician forest economy (Fireman Project 30.09.10)
Impact fires in galician forest economy (Fireman Project 30.09.10)
Impact fires in galician forest economy (Fireman Project 30.09.10)
Impact fires in galician forest economy (Fireman Project 30.09.10)
Impact fires in galician forest economy (Fireman Project 30.09.10)
Impact fires in galician forest economy (Fireman Project 30.09.10)
Impact fires in galician forest economy (Fireman Project 30.09.10)
Impact fires in galician forest economy (Fireman Project 30.09.10)
Impact fires in galician forest economy (Fireman Project 30.09.10)
Impact fires in galician forest economy (Fireman Project 30.09.10)
Impact fires in galician forest economy (Fireman Project 30.09.10)
Impact fires in galician forest economy (Fireman Project 30.09.10)
Impact fires in galician forest economy (Fireman Project 30.09.10)
Impact fires in galician forest economy (Fireman Project 30.09.10)
Impact fires in galician forest economy (Fireman Project 30.09.10)
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Impact fires in galician forest economy (Fireman Project 30.09.10)

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Encuentro Proyecto Europeo “FIREMAN” …

Encuentro Proyecto Europeo “FIREMAN”
http://www.fireman-europe.com/

Castelo de Santa Cruz, CEIDA, Oleiros, A Coruña.
30 Septiembre-1 Octubre
Encuentro de Participantes en la Gestión de Montes y Prevención de Incendios.

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  • 1.  
  • 2. Galicia in figures <ul><li>2.7 million inhabitants (stagnating, ageing, coastal zone >70% inland <30%) </li></ul><ul><li>Total extension: aprox. 3 M ha ( approximately the size of Belgium ) </li></ul><ul><li>G eographical dispersal of the population (76% in municipalities < 2 000 inhabitants) </li></ul><ul><li>Own Language (Galician) </li></ul><ul><li>Primary sectors relevant to economy </li></ul><ul><li>(Agriculture, Fishing, Forestry[+FBI],…) </li></ul><ul><li>Other important sectors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Energy, car industry, textile …) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Still Convergence Region </li></ul>
  • 3. <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>“ dhas arboledas non son brauas sino que se ponen y plantan y cultivan … dhas arboledas crian en heredades propias limitadas y amojonadas como si fusen huertas o viñas y las benefician curándolas y labrándolas y cortando de ellas de tantos en tantos años muy amenudo porque la tierra es de tal calidad que quantomas se cortare, tanto mas naçe y crece y es tanta la arboleda que produce que tiene necesidad de yrla entresacando todos los años”. </li></ul>Galicia, Cradle of Silviculture? Galicia: Cuna de la Selvicultura Letter sent in 1574 to King Phillip II (Felipe II) by the regent and majors of the cities of the Old Kingdom of Galicia
  • 4.  
  • 5. <ul><li>Galicia produces: </li></ul><ul><li>50-55% Spanish roundwood </li></ul><ul><li>40% Spanish Sawnwood, </li></ul><ul><li>33% Spanish Panels, (74% Spanish Fibreboards and MDF) . </li></ul><ul><li>30% Spanish Pulp (Supplying 50% Spanish Wood for pulp production) </li></ul>
  • 6. Forest Based Industries in Galicia, main figures <ul><li>Annual turnover in Galicia: >2.000 M€ (3-4 % Galician GDP) </li></ul><ul><li>Direct Employment: 15.000 persons (1,3% Galician workers) </li></ul><ul><li>Induced Employment: 60.000 persons (5,3% Galician workers) </li></ul><ul><li>Of which in rural areas: 65 % </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible of 5% of Galician trade to EU and overseas </li></ul>
  • 7. Forest Based Industries in Galicia, key for interterritorial balance Location of Galician Forest Based Industries Counties where FBI employment > 25% of total
  • 8. Forest Ownership in Galicia 98% of the forest is PRIVATE FOREST 672.000 individual forest owners (in a 2.7 million population) less than 2 hectares in 2 or 3 different plots per owner . 80% of the plots is smaller than 0,5 ha. 2.800 private communal forests average size 250 ha, 36% public management through contracts
  • 9.
  • 10.
  • 11.
  • 12. 2006 Forest Fires Regarding Galician Forest Services estimations 96.000 has affected 55.000 has of dense forest burned More than 4 M m3 affected 7.500 population entities menaced
  • 13.
  • 14.
  • 15. Direct Impact on Galician Forest Based Industries
  • 16. Direct Impact on Galician FBIs <ul><li>Losses on Forests Owned or Managed by Companies: </li></ul><ul><li>2006 - 15% of Forests Owned by Companies were affected </li></ul><ul><li>Losses on stumpage stock: </li></ul><ul><li>2006 - 45.000 tons bought on stumpage burned before been harvested </li></ul><ul><li>Firefighting effort by FBI </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In 2006 more than 200 industry employees equiped with forest machinery were involved in firefighting - RISK </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Damages on Industrial sites: (yards, powerlines,…) </li></ul>
  • 17. Medium-Long Term Impact on Galician FBIs <ul><li>Inminent lack of Local Raw Material </li></ul><ul><li>Close-down and relocation Risk </li></ul>
  • 18. Medium-Long Term Impact on Galician FBIs
  • 19. Medium-Long Term Impact on Galician FBIs Small forest owner withdrawal
  • 20. <ul><li>Changes in Policies and Budget Allocation </li></ul><ul><li>Short term vs Long term ……. Expenses vs Investments </li></ul>45 55 65 75 85 95 105 115 125 135 2003 2004 2005 2006 (p) 2007 (proy) Millones de € Prevencion y Defensa contra Incendios RESTO PROGRAMAS Medium-Long Term Impact on Galician FBIs 2010
  • 21.
  • 22.
  • 23. Vale máis unha terra con árbores nos montes que un estado con ouro nos bancos. Alfonso Daniel Rodriguez Castelao

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