Zenon's City - Prolegomena to a Critique of Urban Reason

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This presentation "Zenon's City" was part of a lecture held at Leipzig University at Dec 2010.
Its topic may be summarized as "Critique of Urban Reason". As such, it may serve as the adequate theoretical layer for any kind of urban modelling.
Key concepts are growth and differentiation, including "melting & removal", associativity (of immaterial networks), networks, complexity and self-organization.
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  • Pietro Maria Bardi’s rationalist polemics from the late 1930s: Engineers are the direct and immediate agents of human progress to a greater extent that any other social category. So I am glad that I am.... well, a part-time engineer else: Lyotard: modernism tried to conquer space, postmodernism is trying to conquer time
  • Evolution, Ko-Evolution, topic in... Ulf Matthiesen,Gerhard Mahnken (eds), Das Wissen der Städte: neue stadtregionale Entwicklungsdynamiken im Kontext . 2009.
  • ausgegorener Unsinn deshalb auch eine klare Absage an „Case Studies“ eine Definition für einen „Zweck“ mag an einem bestimmten Tag im Jahr ganz hilfreich sein, dem Verständnis einer Sache dient sie nicht. Ja eben dies das Verständnis wird ja nachgerade wegdefiniert. Romantizismen entfalten letztlich immer einen totalen Anspruch, weil sie mit unausgesprochen ----- Feldtkeller Die gegliederte und aufgelockerte Stadt der Moderne zerstört den Öffentlichen Raum, der Urbanität hervorbringe Die moderne Stadt ist ihrer eigentlichen Bedeutung entledigt Die moderne Stadt "hat den Zweck aufgegeben, eine auf Zukunft ausgerichtete Stadtkultur zu produzieren --- (Louis Wirth,1964: Urbanism as a Way of life. Aus. On Cities and Social Change. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. Zuerst in American Journal of Sociology. XLIV, Juli 1938, S. 1-24. Deutsche Übersetzung von Ursula Posset. zit. nach: Ulfert Herlyn (Hg.),1974: Stadt- und Sozialstruktur. München: Nymphenburger Verlagshandlung. S. 48) „ relativ große, dicht besiedelte und dauerhafte Niederlassung gesellschaftlich heterogener Individuen“ ---------------- Lewis Mumford, 1961: This book opens with a city that was, symbolically, a world: it closes with a world, that has become, in many practical aspects, a city. (p. XI) The final mission of the city is to further man´s conscious participation in the cosmic and the historic process. (...) That magnification of all the dimensions of life, through emotional communion, rational communication, technical mastery, and above all, dramatic representation, has been the supreme office of th city in history ---------------- Alexander Mitscherlich, 1965: Unsere Städte und unsere Wohnungen sind Produkte der Phantasie und der Phantasielosigkeit, der Großzügigkeit wie des engen Eigensinns. Da sie aber aus harter Materie bestehen, wirken sie auch wie Prägestöcke: wir müssen uns ihnen anpassen. (S. 9) Die Stadt inder man durch Jahrhunderte lebte, war ein Biotop. Um diesen Terminus zu erklären: sie ist ein Platz, an dem sich Leben verschiedenster Gestalt ins Gleichgewicht bringt und in ihm erhält. (S. 39) Alexander Mitscherlich, 1965: Die Unwirtlichkeit unserer Städte; Anstiftung zum Unfrieden. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.
  • Definitionen sind nichts als der krampfhafte Versuch, ein Phänomen in eine existentiallogische Kategorie zu verwandeln Definitionen sind realen Leben niemals primär.
  • architekten sagen heute oft: wir wählen eine andere Geometrie, nur um zu meinen, „eine andere Form“
  • so, let’s play! Kant transforms traditional ontology into an analytic of pure understanding. Accordingly, the concept of substance has become a category of pure understanding.
  • danach wurde alles komplizierter
  • Bild Kubismus Bild Rom Forum
  • There is a quite obvious correlatoin between the interestingness of architecture and the various growth patterns !!!
  • Note: Gehry himself says, that he used the genesis myth of the „originary World Egg“ and the „World Snake“ during the form finding process. Other authors interpreted the floor plan as kind of an explosion, which definitely is not so different from the growth process of this primitive plant (Welwitschia). All three perspectives agree on each other that there is the idea of THE ORIGIN symbolized in the floor plan. The perspective of the growth, however, is definitely the most generally applicable.
  • und zwar über mehr als einen Zeithorizont
  • Luhmann, Sozial Systeme: „ Komplexität ist die Information , die dem System fehlt, um seine Umwelt bzw. sich selbst vollständig erfassen und beschreiben zu können. “ weil die Umwelt für jedes System komplexer ist als das System selbst. -------- komplexität [...] ist dann ein Mass für Unbestimmbarkeit oder für Mangel an Information. Komplexität is, so gesehen, die Information, die dem System fehlt, um seine Umwelt (Umweltkomplexität) bzw. sich selbst (Systemkomplexität) vollständig erfassen und beschreiben zu können." N.Luhmann, Soziale Systeme. S.50 Komplexität ist (1) etwas para-stoffliches, und (2) etwas stark negatives. "Die Einrichtung und Erhaltung einer Differenz von System und Umwelt wird deshalb zum Problem, weil die Umwelt für jedes System komplexer ist als das System selbst." (S.46)
  • und zwar über mehr als einen Zeithorizont
  • William Mitchell attack on language: intelligent workplaces.... just reconfigurable, thus to be used by several people ....
  • nicht reduzierbar auf die Verstandesleistungen Einzelner -> meaning, conventionalism
  • Robert Park, 1952: Once set up, a city is a great sorting mechanism which ... infallibly selects out of the population as a whole the individuals best suited to live in a particular region or a particular milieu. (Robert Park, 1952: Human Communities: The City and Human Ecology. New York: Free Press, p. 79, cit. in: Anthony Giddens, 1997: Sociology. Cambridge: Polity Press, 3. ed., p. 475)
  • Robert Park, 1952: Once set up, a city is a great sorting mechanism which ... infallibly selects out of the population as a whole the individuals best suited to live in a particular region or a particular milieu. (Robert Park, 1952: Human Communities: The City and Human Ecology. New York: Free Press, p. 79, cit. in: Anthony Giddens, 1997: Sociology. Cambridge: Polity Press, 3. ed., p. 475)
  • und zwar über mehr als einen Zeithorizont
  • abundance als Reichhaltigkeit, Fülle und Medialität
  • Zenon's City - Prolegomena to a Critique of Urban Reason

    1. 1. Hot Spots :: der StadtentwicklungKlaus Wassermannwassermann@arch.ethz.ch Zenon‘s City Preliminary Suggestions on Urban Reason/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / v2.14 10.12.2010 1
    2. 2. Hot Spot :: Perspective ONE personal MANY formal ANY medial/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 2
    3. 3. Preliminary Remarks methodological issues Critique of Geometry as a figure of thought in Architecture Critique of Urban Reason Which is the Essence of City? Proto-Schemata: Growth-network-Complexity-Information Potential Elements of Construction/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 3
    4. 4. Begin of the first Part: Preliminary Remarks and a short methodological warm-Up ((( aspects )))/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 4
    5. 5. Is it possible to plan „CITY“? Is it possible to plan „URBANITY“? theoría: Anschauung, Überlegung, Einsicht theory = (ortho-)regulation of the genesis and parameterisation of models/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 5
    6. 6. City Development – Linguistics of a Figure Theory time Engineering of a Performance Evolution the City Development plainly Individual of -like city Plan Growth run of Logics „events“ space/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 6
    7. 7. Methodologicals (I) challenges & constraints by Disziplinary Perspectives analysis of power, conflict-/consumism-analytics (Weber, Durkheim) Normative (naturalistic) Fallacies Romanticisms and Idealism (Feldtkeller, Mumford) Reductionisms, Ideologicalizations Materialism: statistical (Hillier), naturalistic (Mitscherlich), formal (L.Wirth, Burgess), cybernetic (Luhmann) „Projectionism“ Import of highly integrated Theories: knowledge (Matthiesen), evolution (Schamp)/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 7
    8. 8. Aspects become und ihr Wechsel exchange Aspekte visible only in their/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 8
    9. 9. Methodologicals (II) „City“ is obviously difficult to grasp ?Heterotopia Koolhaas/Foucault with strong symbolistic Components Structure cave definitionem !!! no existential questions please ... What „is“ ... Element Synthetic Mechanism Comparatistics serious story telling/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 9
    10. 10. Begin of the First Part: Critique of Geometry Influence, Reach and Overloadings/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 10
    11. 11. The Holiness of Geometry first procedure, which promised correctness of a construction ... independent of ... in opposition to symbolisation location l s narration, poetics time sa ti on ? person e r ju st ifi ca .. i .? v n e! Safety was achieved through the are th e re Un e re a re n o linkage o structure (axiomatics) and T h values (Sinnanspruch)/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 11
    12. 12. Fatal inherited Disease role of geometry first heureka-experience by the power of „ideomatics“ by Euclid quite unsuitable positioning of axiomatics things, that are directly (unmediated) clear What, if there is no epistemic directness ? Primacy of Interpretation ... then axioms would moult into interesting rules of games. complementary: Primacy of Modelling/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 12
    13. 13. Inherited Disease (II): Phenotypical Foldings Geometry Conditional Juristerei IT control technology Luhmann causal chain Cybernetics Axiomatics Shannon Proof Mathematik If - Causality Definition Center Frege Then Science navigator Frankfurter Schule Positivism/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 13
    14. 14. Towards the Sun in a straight Line... Karlsruhe mid 17th century City (?) as a kind of Accidens/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 14
    15. 15. Obsessions on CentersPalmanova „London“ Palmanova: Inhabiting or Freedom plans for new garden city, 18th century/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 15
    16. 16. Nowa Huta (Pl) – City (?) for Heroes of Production/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 16
    17. 17. geometry just yesterday/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 17
    18. 18. The Roaring Twenties... bold utterings serious issues/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 18
    19. 19. geometry today: according to human Measure? progressive? well developed? urban?/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 19
    20. 20. of course, Bucky-Boy won‘t miss... The straight-line Obsession/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 20
    21. 21. Logistics: the straight regime of Causality/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 21
    22. 22. CCD Registers: Logistics of Information/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 22
    23. 23. the total triumph The APOLLO of the global Story 1969 equation the the Atlas- Oh holy Grale steady pole phantasm of of geometric Modernism the fixed point/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 23
    24. 24. The never only ONE,Story 2009 though not yet just MANY, but ARBITRARY (as YOU<!> like) Fixed Points/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 24
    25. 25. the first and (so far) the only Compass for topo- Owner: logical Sparrow, Jack Spaces/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 25
    26. 26. Zäsur/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 26
    27. 27. What can not be drawn (any more)... ...has to be calculated, may be rendered at Scenographia Orthographia what the Ichnographia The end of Expressibility we End About Formalisability of cannot Axiomatisability Geo speak Metry/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / Michael Hansmeyer 27
    28. 28. just a different rendering Subdivision Mechanism/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 28
    29. 29. What can not be drawn (any more)... freezed to state freely choosable point in time not an algorithm any more semi-open results Michael Hansmeyer Reaction-Diffusion Mechanism/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 29
    30. 30. What can not be drawn... Schuytgraf, NL 120 clients real-time 1000‘s of constraints constraint hierarchy of goals optimization/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 30
    31. 31. What can not be drawn... Globus Zh, CHpre-specificdesigndas differential ofarchitectonicmatter ethz caad / ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 31
    32. 32. What can not be drawn.../ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 32
    33. 33. End of the First Part: Critique of Geometry The End of axiomatic Universals/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 33
    34. 34. Begin of the Second Part: Critique of Urban Reason Conditions for a Thinking of City-Becoming ((( which are the essences of any thinking about the City, beyond of any specific theories? )))/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 34
    35. 35. Layout (genealogy) of our Critique Category Self-Organisation Operation Growth Efficacy Information Causality Complexity Network Associativity formalisable structural models/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 35
    36. 36. / ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 36
    37. 37. ::by attachment (from the outside) das einfachste Wachstum entlang des Atomgitters: Mikro=Makro repräsentationale Symmetrie vollständig de-individualisierte „atomare“ Module/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 37
    38. 38. ::by attachment (from the outside)/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 38
    39. 39. ::by attachment (from inside) the principle: fixing of singular points & differentiating & repeating finding of a particular point: 2-Component System fraktal growth/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 39
    40. 40. / ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 40
    41. 41. / ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 41
    42. 42. welwitschia Welwitschia – a living fossil/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 42
    43. 43. Growth in Plants 2-Component-System at singular mikro fields (meristeme) self-affine replicationPlant Plant (-like) added complexity by repetition of processes / ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 43
    44. 44. ::by attachment (from outside & inside) primitive division of labor swarm added complexity by standardised regulation/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 44
    45. 45. ::by attachment (from outside & inside) Caglioni & Giovanni, 2003 Michael Batty, 2008/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 45
    46. 46. ::differentiation towards the inside/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 46
    47. 47. ::differentiation towards the inside Kowloon 1993 Kowloon 1972/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 47
    48. 48. ::differentiation towards the inside vertical vertical/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 48
    49. 49. ::differentiation towards the inside: embryo locally-induced growth, fractality establishes foldings AND only lokal any more Apoptosis ! „blue prints“/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 49
    50. 50. Koolhaas, an embryologist? elt i ng m/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 50
    51. 51. / ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 51
    52. 52. Embryonic Growth added Complexity Differentation by deeply layered towards the inside and embedding regulation gain of adaptivity emergence of and contexts and individuality potential/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 52
    53. 53. ::differentation towards the inside ... Zuweisung von „innen“ / „aussen“ muss immer wieder neu verhandelt werden innere Kompartimente können umarrangiert werden: potentielles schmelzen, Fusion von Räumen und Membranen/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 53
    54. 54. Growth, Differentiation: Immaterial Growth unfolding changes in Evolution structural dynamics morphology Training scaling changes in behavior precede changes of morphology Konrad Lorenz Learning, Memory, Habits, Virtualisation, Mediatisation immaterial differentiation/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 54
    55. 55. Interestingness and Patterns of Growth anorganic, crystalline which patterns organic are the most swarm-based frequently used? plant-like embryonic which are informational the most logistic, optimizing (leafs) promising? associative (as a „body without organs“) learning & behavior/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 55
    56. 56. interim result Critique of Urban Reason Growth temporal dynamics of the transformation of structures typology of differentiation processes (epi/genetics) transition to evolutive processes overcoming of the „contingency-hypothesis“ new questions: regulative factors, e.g. for continuity, melting factors/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 56
    57. 57. Genealogy of our Critique: Part 2 Category Self-Organisation Operation Growth Efficacy Information Causality Complexity Networks Associativity formalisable structural models/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 57
    58. 58. social issues living things/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 58
    59. 59. Complexity: Bestandsaufnahme clear and dark bright and labyrinthine dark and convoluted Complexity as a cipher for non-understandability fo r ible Luhmann, Sozial Systeme: „Complexity is that information, which is e l ig missing for the system, in order to measure, comprehend and in exts describe its surrounding environment completely.“ i ly externaltthreat te con Complexity als inevitable d e f in l a Self-preservation develops into a problem, „since for any r e system the surrounding environment is more complex than the system itself." Complexity as a syntactic-algorithmic entity/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 59
    60. 60. Context of Complexity makroskopich properties are not complexity is not reducible describable on the mikroscopic level in principal complexity involves strong emergence strong emergence is indispensable for adaptivity/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 60
    61. 61. What is the minimal, sufficient (and necessary) description of emergence ?/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 61
    62. 62. Turing Pattern weak, far strong, close micro-antagonistic self-referential 2-component system/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 62
    63. 63. Elementarisation of Complexity(1) Dissipation flow of entropy, consumption of energy a mystical-opaque concept(2) Antagonistic Forces reaction-diffusion-system, dialectics as population(3) Standardisation is being transformed sign theoretical: semiotic, algorithmic, geno-/phenotype, code, rule(4) Active Compartmentalization into a non-deterministic transition from order to organisation; demands for: left-overs, death, reduction(5) systemic Knots parametercontrol provokes latent internal model-based space antagonisms, „self-sustaining complexity“/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 63
    64. 64. RD-Prozesse: Besonderheiten absolutely „impermeable“ categories can NOT be applied to descriptive makro epistemologic mikro separation the other layer mutually! molekules, cells, ants, words, events, human individuals, actants in a network/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 64
    65. 65. interim result Critique of Urban reason Complexity Elementarisation allows for Operationalisability of creative Processes objective diagnosis / prognosis of stasis, Adaptivity or chaos-like melting/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 65
    66. 66. Genealogy of Critique U.R.: Part 3 Category Self-Organisation Operation Growth Efficacy Information Causality Complexity Networks Associativity formalisable struktural models/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 66
    67. 67. Networks Cities are networks, ok, so what? a TRIVIAL remark? Concept had not been in use before 1980. Network Knots and Links (everything is network, isn‘t it?)/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 67
    68. 68. From different Worlds effect-orientiet::basic typology of networks Logistic Networks geometric-causal temporally neutral, „real-time“ Associative Networks algebraic-informational actualizes just as operation = as sth temporal/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 68
    69. 69. hubs, scale-freefractaldeterministichierarchical/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 69
    70. 70. random density rhizomatic redundant recurrent probabilistic Growth ? Learning !/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 70
    71. 71. self-organizing map (SOM) mapping of n-dimensional descriptions onto a m(2+)-dimensional map ... a powerful and scalable formal model/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 71
    72. 72. Associativity in the Space of the City Meta-Stability of Neighborhoods “Once set up, a city is a great sorting mechanism which ... infallibly selects out of the population as a whole the individuals best suited to live in a particular region or a particular milieu.” Robert Park, 1952: Human Communities. not reducible to the Zürich Augustinergasse, reasoning power of individuals Farbraum Stadt, 2010/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 72
    73. 73. Associativity and Memory/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 73
    74. 74. us Logistic Networks ef ul are the great Optimizers of identified Relations in (quasi-)material contexts/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 74
    75. 75. in te re Associative Netwerks st in are the great inducers and inventors g Randolations of potential Relations, yet to be constructed in purely informational contexts/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 75
    76. 76. The Manhattan-Syndrom the „Urban“ & the Web share important properties an urban- material-proto-inter-net in steel & glass high density, intensive flows abundant heterotopias information as essential driver associativity mediagenicity/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 76
    77. 77. web(b)ed Urbanity = Wurbanity the new mash-up: the Urbane und das Web descriptional scheme: abstracting from both = WURB development of cities not (anymore just) as built substance Internet of Things (150 web devices/person by 2015) local semi-virtualisation of physical processes extending social realities as kind of „mixed reality“ New Media, new Spaces, new habits, new densification New kinds of „Urbanity“/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 77
    78. 78. interim result Critique of Urban Reason Associativity description of dynamic aggregations dynamics of qualitative properties becomes accessible „collective“ memory processes are rendered explicable/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 78
    79. 79. Schemata of a Critique of Urban Reason interdependent Conditions for Thinking the Costruction of the City Category Growth formalisable Operation Networks skalogen Associativity operationalisable active Comparatistics complexity formalisable Struktural Models/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 79
    80. 80. End of the second Part: Critique of Urban Reason conditions for a thinking of constructing the city/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 80
    81. 81. Begin of the third Part: Potential Elements of Construction (semi-)abstract conditions for a City-becoming ((( getting operational )))/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 81
    82. 82. Conditions of the Possibility of Urbanity irreducible dimensional construction Logistics material as well as immaterial, visible body of rules, organisatorically adaptive, „real-time“ function Continuity organisatorical-(quasi-)material Heterotopia informatorical-ordinal, open, manifold and mediatised antagonisms Participation real-time, „mixed-reality“, and densified „Abundance“ local, accessible, due to suitable scaling/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 82
    83. 83. Entwicklungsfelder Urbaner Vernunft residential tradition-bound order of individual roles as areas predecessors of institutions, often centralistic, oligarchic or autokratic Stadt densified potential for the creation of organisation from order, often limited to physical-material aspects Urbanität volatilised AND virtualised conditions for „Citiness“ in the realm of the immaterial; in the future tendentially more as „Wurbanity“/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 83
    84. 84. Zenon‘s City ... A field made from differential, volatile, sprouting inertial reference systems! ... which as a (semi-)autonomous entity develop its own character and its own power (as potential)/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 84
    85. 85. Thanks !/ ITA / Institute of Technology in Architecture / Faculty of Architecture / ETH Zurich / Chair for CAAD / Klaus Wassermann / Leipzig Hot::Spot / 10.12.2010 / 85

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