INTERPERSONAL VIOLENCE ON PSU'S CAMPUS: POLICIES, RESOURCES AND PREVENTIONPSU WOMEN’S RESOURCE CENTERJESSICA AMO, ASSISTANT COORDINATOR
Training Goals What is the issue? Information, statistics, misconceptions and campus-specific information. What are the on campus resources available? What are my options for getting involved? Burning questions?
Starting Assumptions Introductions Gender & language Starting the conversation Role of the WRC
Definitions: What is Consent? Consent is a “yes” that is freely given, when the option of a “no” is present and viable. (U of O Sexual Wellness Advocacy Team) What is Sexual Assault? Sexual assault is any nonconsensual sexual act. SA is not “sex gone bad” or the result of miscommunication. SA exists when there is no interest in mutuality, consent or concern by one person for the other. (AGSATF, “Sexual Assault on Campus)
Sexual Assault @ PSU On-line survey done through Sexual Assault on College Campus’ Capstone administered June, 2009 283 Students responded, primarily first and second year students
“I was sexually assaulted before I started college” 27%-32%
“I have been sexually assaulted in my time as a college student” 12%-16%
SA on Campus Nationally As identified by the American College Health Association, the prevalence of sexual assault on campus in characterized by “high rates of sexual violence on college and university campuses and low levels of reporting of these incidents by students” American College Health Association, Campus Violence White Paper, 2007
Clery Data Reported sexual assaults: http://www.pdx.edu/cpso/clery-act-psu-crimes
Campus Stats, Con’t:2007
WRC January – June 09Types of IPV
Sexual Assault Nationally 20% to 25% of women in college reported experiencing an attempted or a completed rape in college. Fisher BS, Cullen FT, Turner MG. 2000. The sexual victimization of college women. Washington: Department of Justice (US), National Institute of Justice; Publication No. NCJ 182369. In the first rape experience of female victims, perpetrators were reported to be intimate partners (30.4%), family members (23.7%), and acquaintances (20%). Basile KC, Chen J, Lynberg MC, Saltzman LE. Prevalence and characteristics of sexual violence victimization. Violence and Victims 2007;22(4): 437-448.
Campus Response: The Conduct Code http://www.pdx.edu/dos/conduct A student is subject to disciplinary action if they engage in the following behaviors: (6) Stalking. Stalking is repeatedly contacting another person without a legitimate purpose when: (a) The contacting person knows or should know that the contact is unwanted by the other person; and (b) It is reasonable for the person in that situation to have been alarmed or coerced by the contact. As used in this subsection, "contacting" includes but is not limited to coming into the visual or physical presence of the other person; following another person; or sending written, electronic or telephonic communication of any form to the other person, personally or through a third party.
Conduct Code: Sexual Harassment (8) Sexual harassment. Sexual harassment is unwanted or unwelcome sexual advances or requests for sexual favors and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature where: (a) submission or rejection of such conduct is made either explicitly or implicitly a term or condition of an individual's employment or participation in a University Sponsored Activity; (b) submission to or rejection of such conduct by an individual is used as a basis for academic or employment decisions affecting the individual; or (c) such conduct has the purpose or effect of unreasonably interfering with an individual's academic or work performance, or of creating an intimidating, hostile or offensive educational or working environment.
Conduct Code: Sexual Misconduct “(9) Sexual misconduct. Sexual misconduct is sexual conduct, or the threat of such conduct, that is predatory in nature and that a reasonable person in the circumstances would consider offensive or likely to be harmful to others. Sexual misconduct may include, but is not limited to, the exposure of one’s sexual organs or the display of sexual behavior.”.
Conduct Code: Sexual Assault “(10) Sexual assault. Sexual assault is defined as unwanted sexual contact of any kind or threat of such contact or attempt to engage in such conduct. Sexual contact includes vaginal, oral or anal sex, touching the intimate parts of another person, or causing a person to touch the intimate parts of another person. Sexual conduct is “unwanted” if no Effective Consent is given or if the student knew or should have known that the person was incapable of giving Effective Consent by reason of mental or physical impairment, mental disorder, or mental incapacitation.”
Conduct Code: “Effective Consent” (8) “Effective Consent” is a voluntary, non-coerced and mutually understandable communication indicating a willingness to participate in a particular act.
“Impairment” (10) A “Mental or physical impairment” is an impairment that causes a person to be unable to understand the situation, understand the consequences of his/her choices, or to express his/her desires. This may include, but is not limited to, being intoxicated, being under the influence of drugs, being unconscious, or other cognitive impairment.
“Incapacitation” (12) “Mental Incapacitation” is a condition that renders a person incapable of determining his or her own conduct at the time of the alleged offense because of the influence of a controlled or other intoxicating substance.
Sexual Assault, review: “Sexual conduct is ‘unwanted’ if no Effective Consent is given or if the student knew or should have known that the person was incapable of giving Effective Consent by reason of mental or physical impairment, mental disorder, or mental incapacitation.”
Response: Basics of Being Supportive Assessing the situation What are the warning signs? Red flags? Listen Validate Do not give advice/Do not attempt to fix the situation on your own Reassure them: They need to be reassured that their survival is what matters. This is NOT a time to ask questions like “Why didn’t you run?” or “Why didn’t you scream?” or “Why don’t you leave that relationship?” Questions such as these only serve to put blame on the survivor. Be clear about your role “this is what I can do for you..” Refer to an advocate through the WRC or PWCL Do not make assumptions about behavior. Survivors of sexual assault and interpersonal violence deal with trauma in various ways. Use your natural skills working with students to your advantage! (Adapted from Portland Women’s Crisis Line “A Few Do’s and Do Not’s When Supporting Survivors “ www.pwcl.org )
Resources Women’s Resource Center SHAC CPSO Student Legal Anonymous Report
Prevention: Get Involved Interventions/Interruptions Awareness & Education: Events! Vagina Monologues Take Back the Night SAAM Planning Task Force
Women’s Resource Center Open M-F, 9-5. Front Desk: 503-725-5672 Location: 1802 SW 10th & Montgomery (Montgomery Hall basement). Adrienne Graf, IPV Program Coordinator 503-725-5605, firstname.lastname@example.org Jessica Amo, WRC Assistant Coordinator 503-725-5640, email@example.com