Transcript of "back 2 business week - green deal: Phil Powell on community energy"
Community Energy Projects • A Cinderella concept • Or• Vital part of our future • You can decide
Community Energy Projects History & future of electricity Peak oil & fossil fuel stations World power demand Community projects Case studies
Community Energy Projects • The history of electricity generation• And how it will turn• From community station• Through large centralised fossil fuel station• Back to community/ individual generation
Community Energy Projects 5 KW output Reliability poor Very expensive One hours light bulb cost a weeks wageBrighton Power Station in about 1885Coal / wood fired steam engine “State of the art”
Community Energy Projects What Happened from the 1850s ? • Coal was mined in Britain • Oil was discovered in Pennsylvania • Cheap fossil fuels drove energy demand• Technical innovation allowed power stations to develop in size
Community Energy Projects 600 MW output Gas fired High reliability One hours lighting now costs 1/40,000 weekly wageShoreham power station near BrightonCCGT combined cycle gas turbine “state of the art”
Community energy Projects Electrical generation by fuel 45% from gas 28 % from coal 18% from nuclear 7% from Renewables Source DECC website
Community Energy Projects• How will things change in the future? • Government target is an 80% • Reduction in emissions by 2050• Heavy transport will struggle to reduce •• Electricity needs to so more than 80%
Community Energy Projects • The ERA of cheap fossil fuel is nearly over • Fossil fuel Power stations are obsolete • Renewable power stations are • Smaller and more numerous• We will circle back to community sized power stations • A community plant should be owned by the community for the community
Community Energy Projects Wind for bulk generation PV for daytime peak load AD for intermittency Electricity will power almost everything Cars, home heating etc Fossil fuels will be too scarce to burnElectrical storage needs to be developed Brighton Power Station “State of the art” @2020
Community Energy ProjectsThis mix is a moving target, and depends on many variables:Technical innovation, Fossil fuel costs, Storage solutions, Public AttitudesFossil fuel will be with us for some time due to its versatilityHome / community will be a mix of PV, Wind, A D & Home fuel cell etc
Community Energy Projects • Peak oil & fossil fuel stations
Community Energy ProjectsThe 1950’s were peak years for US oil Exploration BUT US Geologist Hubbert in 1950 suggested US Oil production would peak and decline He was ridiculedUS Oil production started to decline 40 years later 47 years since the peak of WORLD discoveries HAS WORLD OIL PRODUCTION PEAKED?
Community Energy Projects • Future energy demand• Kalahari bushmen use 2,000 kcal per day• Subsistence farmers use 12,000 kcal per day• Technological society use 230,000 kcal per day• All the underdeveloped countries in the world envy and want to match our living standards • World power demand in infinite
Community Energy Projectsincreasing population will demand more energy
Community Energy Projects • Rising population • Increasing demand per person • Cheap oil used up• Renewables are a sound investment • Communities can be self sufficient • Communities can be more resilient
Community Energy Projects • Renewable stations will be smaller and more numerous than fossil plants• The large companies cant run small plants efficiently • Community groups with low overheads can • The benefits can accrue to the community • Makes our communities more resilient
Community owned microhydro• Community owned microhydro• 30KW hydro 200 MWh annually• 1 Km pipeline 25 m head at 200 l/s• All funding from grants• Project cost about £300,000 TAP• Annual income £20,000 Tintern Angiddy Project• Very low visual impact long life of project
Gwent Levels Community wind farm• CIC owned medium wind farm• 2 turbines 2MW each• Generate a total of 14 GWh annually• Gross income of £1.4M• Cost £4 million funded by share issue• Very high environmental hurdles• £200,000 for planning requirements• Benefits from the scheme include• Income for local investors loans or dividends• Improved Flood defence 7,000 homes• Support for local causes village halls• 30 jobs created locally more indirectly
Community Energy Projects Photovoltaic for a village hall • South facing pitched roof • Not significantly over shaded • 22 panels generates 4.0 MWh • Benefit of about £2,000 annually index linked • Needs about 40 m2 of roof area • Cost about £12,000 • Sizable grant and or low cost loan needed• Community members might want to loan money
Community Energy Projects a successful project • Have a reason that the community supports• A small group with a legal structure to steer the project • Newsletter to keep the community informed • Keep a record of hours for matching fund grants • Keep a record of income and expenses • Keep minutes of meetings where decisions are made • Website is a good way to inform / impress people
Monmouthshire village hall photovoltaicsAfter decades of shop, school and pub closures Village halls are often the only community building left in villages Without a community meeting place villages become mere dormitoriesWhere few knows or cares about neighbours. Our halls are vital to the community
Monmouthshire village hall photovoltaics• Impending funding cuts imperil these vital village buildings• The feed in tariff gives a unique opportunity for village halls and community to gain the following benefits • An index linked long term income stream • Fund hall maintenance and running costs • Foster closer community links • Encourage through example carbon reduction emissions. • Adds resilience to our villages • Gives out village halls respect and status
Monmouthshire village hall photovoltaics Example 9.5 KW system Generates @ 8000 KWh Annual output 1st year benefit @ £3,200 25 year total benefit @£100K Cost £32,000 1st year Return 10% Index linked for 25 years
Monmouthshire village hall photovoltaics• Photovoltaic panels have benefits over other renewable energy such as wind or water • Reliable and dependable technology • Numerous competitive suppliers • Lower planning hurdles • Lower initial costs • Low maintenance and administration costs • Perfect income source for village halls
Monmouthshire village hall photovoltaics • Financing is the biggest hurdle • People who use the hall might help with a loan.• The FIT income allows you to pay interest say 3% service a loan and give a useful amount to the hall • How much do they cost depends on the size • A 4 KW installation costs £13 to £14,000 • A 10 KW installation costs about £33,000. •
Monmouthshire village hall photovoltaics • This is not always possible or desirable for village hall committees to take on the administration responsibility • There are 2 alternative solutions to this• Gwent Energy CIC is a community interest company that will take on this responsibility on for you • Robert Owen Community Banking Fund Ltd., will do this admin for you They are a not for profit lender linked to the Wales credit union network
Monmouthshire village hall photovoltaics • We suggest the following timetable• Call Phil on 07506004581 to come and have a look at discuss the options • An installer Beverley Thomas (07817367590) will come and do a survey and give you the details of what is possible and how much it will cost • Decide on the options for managing and financing the system• Apply for planning permission and to western power for grid connection • Raise the money and order the system • if you have a high proportion in loans, aim for a spring installation • Register for FITs as soon as possible after installation
Monmouthshire village hall photovoltaics • For more information call these • Richard Lewis on 01873736031 firstname.lastname@example.org • Phil Powell on 01291 629936 (07506004581) email@example.com • Gwent energy can help you organise it • For a survey, price and detailed technical information • Beverley Thomas 07817367590 firstname.lastname@example.org• • AND GIVE OUR VILLAGES A CHANCE
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