back 2 business week 2011 - green deal: Phil Thomas on planning
Planning for the future…how the planning system can help youachieve your energy potential
Corporate aims of County Council• Making Monmouthshire cleaner and greener• Stimulating strong local economies• Supporting safer and stronger communities
National Planning Policy Context Substantial Guidance produced by WAG in recent years to encourage green energy:• Technical Advice Note 8: Planning for Renewable Energy• Technical Advice Note 22: Planning for Sustainable Buildings• A Low Carbon Revolution- The Welsh Assembly Government Energy Policy Statement• Best Practice Guidance: Planning for Renewable and Low Carbon Energy – A Toolkit for Planners• Planning Implications of Renewable and Low Carbon Energy• Capturing the Potential: A Green Jobs Strategy for Wales e.g. Mabey Bridges, Chepstow• Planning Policy Wales Edition 4
Monmouthshire Planning Policy Context• Current UDP policy not that up to date – only relates to wind farm developments rather than wider use of other renewables• LDP Process: Frontloaded approach- Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Study (REEES) (2010) - explores potential for Wind, Biomass and small scale Hydro Power.• REEES Addendum imminent – to validate existing REEES against methodology set out in the Toolkit for Planners. Explores potential for Biomass (more detail), Solar, Building Integrated Renewables and District Heat Networks. Provides heat opportunity mapping and heat poverty mapping for Monmouthshire.• LDP policies – Renewable Energy and Sustainable Construction/Energy Efficiency policies; being prepared within the broad context of promoting sustainable development.• LDP policies are yet to be endorsed by the County Council – reporting on Deposit LDP on 1st July 2011. Public Consultation will then take place in Autumn.• Supplementary Planning Guidance (spg) relating to the LDP will provide detailed guidance for developers for all forms of renewable energy and the REEES addendum will provide background detail to this SPG once finalised.
Technical Advice Note (TAN)22Promoting sustainable construction in the planning application process Code for Sustainable Homes –this measures the sustainability performance of a home against nine design categories BREEAM • Code for Sustainable • BREEAM ‘Very Good’ Homes (CSH)Level 3 standard applies to all applies to all new build dwellings (not conversions) commercial (non- • Code is to ensure new domestic) buildings over dwellings are built to 1000 sq.m. and is similar higher standards of to the CSH in improving insulation, energy building standards to be efficiency and the more energy efficient, materials are sourced sustainably – enforced by etc. planning conditions
Permitted Development RightsEased for existing dwellings in England and Wales Solar tree, Austria• Solar panels – roof and ground mounted• Ground source heat pumps• Biomass heating systems (Flues)• Rules slightly more stringent for Conservation Areas• WAG guide for householders, communities and businesses to creating your own energy
Commercial development and renewables• Unlike dwellings, commercial properties do not have permitted development rights – yet (Government review in progress)• WAG and Mon CC encourage renewables on business premises, subject to impact• Pragmatic approach e.g. solar panels on factories, where they do not affect external appearance are treated as not needing permission e.g. inner valley of roof Coil for ground source heat pump – permitted development for a householder, but not for a business….
How do we work in practice in Monmouthshire? Case Study 1 Application approved• Angiddy Hydro electricity scheme, Tintern• Community based scheme to generate electricity for up to 40 homes• Development is a new water channel and turbine building• Constraints – AONB, archaeology; scheduled ancient monuments and biodiversity.
Angiddy HEP Scheme Community based scheme• Example of community working with the local authority and other public bodies to achieve a small, but worthy scheme that is sustainable but also ‘low impact’
Case Study 2: Llancayo Solar Farm• 5 MW generation scheme involving up to 22000 PVs - scheme to benefit from Feed in Tariff (FIT) scheme• Site (13 ha) covers three arable fields north of the historic group of buildings at Llancayo, north of Usk• Constraints – biodiversity, landscape impact, historic buildings, archaeology
Llancayo Solar Farm• Scheme amended following input from Council, CCW, Cadw, GGAT and EA• Pressure to determine quickly to enable connection to grid by August 2011• Scheme approved May 2011 – just over 8 weeks to determine• Proposal is reversible – arrays sit on pads Solar farm, France
Wind Turbines – a localised approach• Wind power recognised as playing key role by WAG but Monmouthshire not in SSAs set out by WAG in TAN8• Landscape, noise and biodiversity constraints• Small scale domestic/ commercial turbines approved, but small in number and only single turbines – no groups• No permitted development rights – even for householders
Conclusion• WAG and Mon CC polices support green energy proposals that need planning permission but a balance is required to protect the landscape / built heritage of the area• In practice, Mon CC is pragmatic in dealing with renewable energy proposals while safeguarding other interests like landscape and biodiversity• The extension of Permitted Development is freeing up householders, enabling the provision of renewable energy Monnow hydro electricity plant – expect businesses to be next