Smart parking a way to toward green city: case of Sofia, Bulgaria
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Smart parking a way to toward green city: case of Sofia, Bulgaria

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Limited number parking lots and missing governance in managing and disseminating information about available car parking spaces became significant problem in many metropolis cities. Sofia city ...

Limited number parking lots and missing governance in managing and disseminating information about available car parking spaces became significant problem in many metropolis cities. Sofia city government had yearlong experience with improving own system of parking lot management. Even e semi-electronic parking lot system was implemented a upon a time ago, internally the system does not provide information for free available parking lots. Contribution of this study is to provide whole extensive evidence based on urban design, growth of traffic flow and technology innovation with aim to implement software application services to domestic transportation system agents with goal to increase local social wealth with car parking lot reorganization and positive influence over reduction of carbonate gases and city traffic flow. Furthermore, we are first who attempt to implement similar system in the capital city of Bulgaria (Sofia city). Likewise, we tried to exclude deficiency of previous research that was implementing mobile technologies in intelligent transportation system. In this proposal we attempt to solve those problems.

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Smart parking a way to toward green city: case of Sofia, Bulgaria Smart parking a way to toward green city: case of Sofia, Bulgaria Document Transcript

  • Smart parking lot a way to toward green city by Simeon Arnaudov 463.507 Practices in Technology Management Economics and Policy 01 March 2014 Abstract Limited number parking lots and missing governance in managing and disseminating information about available car parking spaces became significant problem in many metropolis cities. Sofia city government had yearlong experience with improving own system of parking lot management. Even e semi-electronic parking lot system was implemented a upon a time ago, internally the system does not provide information for free available parking lots. Contribution of this study is to provide whole extensive evidence based on urban design, growth of traffic flow and technology innovation with aim to implement software application services to domestic transportation system agents with goal to increase local social wealth with car parking lot reorganization and positive influence over reduction of carbonate gases and city traffic flow. Furthermore, we are first who attempt to implement similar system in the capital city of Bulgaria (Sofia city). Likewise, we tried to exclude deficiency of previous research that was implementing mobile technologies in intelligent transportation system. In this proposal we attempt to solve those problems. Keywords: Intelligent transportation system; Information technology; Innovation; Convergence; Intelligent transportation system and mobile application; Green city; Addressed to: Sofia Municipality; IT Technology and Policy program (ITPP) – Seoul National University; CityNet (Korea, Seoul branch office); Possible funding: Sofia Municipality state budget; European funds in area of urban planning and ecology;
  • Introduction Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) include traffic control, mobile communication (GPRS vehicle monitoring system) and all types of communications in vehicles, between vehicles (car-to-car), and between vehicles and fixed car-to- infrastructure. However, ITS is not restricted to Road Transport only - they also include the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) for any type of transport including navigation system. Urbanization and population growth are conspiring to overwhelm transportation systems around the world (IBM 2010). Over the last 50 years, Sofia-city had grown three times (NSI 2007). Heavy investment in number of industries, and rebuilding the city urbanization shift the city population to over a million. People and goods mobility from one point to the end point increase significantly the traffic jams. Limited number of parking lots became problem as well. Fortunately, it is difficult to conclude which is bigger problem, the lack of parking lots or missing of governance in managing and disseminating information about free car parking spaces. City government had yearlong experiance with improving own system of Parking lot management (September 2012 – implement a SMS parking lot payment system). Since June 2008 (Sofia city government) had been introduced innovative technology for mobile phone subscribers using short SMS message to pay particular occupied parking lot. Perhaps the system was available only in down town, where parking restriction existed only. In other location of the city there is not payment restriction, in case there are have not parking under restriction of the Road law. That
  • time the city government idea was to increase social wealth with reducing time for buying parking ticket, eliminating the chance of private interaction between parking lot valet and car driver. The role of parking valets reclassified, then they begin only to oversee parking lot subscriber fulfilling their obligation for payment for certain duration. The valets was equipped with smart mobile devices, with full access to parking lot data base. The data base content information about occupied and not occupied parking lot places, car plate’s numbers of parked cars and paid parking duration for certain car. However this system is working well, there is not public access for available (not occupied) parking lots. Under public access, we understand open landline or mobile internet admittance to parking lot information. The information could content only information for free and available parking lots in “blue” and “green” parking zones. State of art Information about city urbanization have to be conducted from city government report, traffic reports, urbanization plan, and annual report for mobile communication demand (yearly market overview). Technology for managing information about free parking lots will be host online with accessibility via mobile internet (mainly using city territory available mobile Internet technologies as Mobile Wi-Fi, 3G or LTE) and available via mobile application. The goal of the mobile application is to search for available parking lot. The mobile app will have access to parking lot data base, payment parking system and mobile application server. Literature review of city government reports gave us fully understanding of the parking lot problem, city government planning and public budget, number of registered cars, pollution reports, and traffic jam report.
  • Overview of mobile communication demand is important to understand the user adaptation to new innovation technologies as 3G; 4G and LTE and in other hand the mobile application. Most popular mobile technology for internet access and type of mobile phone operation system will show the most favourable type of mobile phone application. Report of CRC 2012 shows 91% of population operate with mobile phone, where out of them 12 % (ARC fund 2011) are smart phones. The 2011 year growth of smart phone users is 24% (ARC fund 2011). Smart phone survey among Bulgarian customers (NGO Mobile review 2011) shows that 65,8% from mobile operation system is Symbian. Nevertheless, 11% of smart phones are with installed iOS, these users are generating half of the mobile data traffic. Literature review of current mobile internet based intelligent transportation system. Project proposal goals With this proposal, we attempt to propose new services for available parking lots, data collection and real time dissemination of information for “blue” and “green” parking lots zones. Service have to be available for online access. Furthermore, we will extend the importance (understanding) of Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) and passably will link this IT solution to global warming issue with partially reducing carbonate gases and city pollution. Contribution to this study is to provide completely extensive evidence based on urban growing, traffic flow increasing and technology improvement for implementing innovative services to domestic transportation system with aim to increase local social
  • wealth fare. Furthermore, we are first who are tried to implement similar system in the city of Sofia. Likewise, we tried to exclude deficiency of previous research that was implementing mobile technologies in intelligent transportation system. Methodology We summarize the literature, municipality legislation, Sofia urban planning, domestic law of road traffic, current mobile services supply, usage of mobile internet and other related reports. Finally, we propose our service solution, limitations and future research. Conclusion and future research Reducing collusions, pollution, lost working time, traffic jams for drivers looking free parking lot significantly will increase social wealth fare. Further study is to upgrade the mobile application including navigation system to the nearest free parking lot.
  • Reference: Simeon Arnaudov: “Navigate for available parking lots with usage of mobile application”, 463.516 Management of technology convergence, Fall semester 2012 IBM 2010: http://public.dhe.ibm.com/common/ssi/ecm/en/tte03001usen/TTE03001USEN.PDF NSI 2007 – national statistical institute. Annual report 2007 Sofia-city government: http://www.sofia.bg/sinia_zona.asp CRC – communication regulation commission http://crc.bg/index.php?lang=en ARC fund: http://www.arcfund.net/ Mobile review: http://socialevo.net/nad-edin-milion-smartfoni-v-balgariya-za-2011-g-44911