-: Presented by :-
Monika K Tambakhe
Email id: email@example.com
University Department of Chemical
Technology , Sant Gadge baba Amravati
University Amravati. Maharashtra INDIA 444602
“Biodiversity encompasses the whole variety of
life, it is all living things ,from the tiny garden to
the giant redwood tree. You will find
biodiversity everywhere, in window boxes and
wild woods, roadsides and rain forests, snow
field and sea shor”.
Types of biodiversity :
1. Genetic Diversity - Diversity within species
2. Species Diversity – Diversity between species
3. Ecosystem Diversity - Diversity within specific
region or political entity.
Loss of biodiversity :
Europe covers only 7% of the Earths land
surface but contains a large biodiversity due to
natural fragmentation by rivers, mountains,
seas, the influences of glaciation, etc. The
pressures on European biodiversity emanate
from all sectors of society, with agriculture,
forestry and transport being particularly
responsible for habitat loss and
Causes for loss of biodiversity :
1. Human population growth
2. Habitat destruction
5. Global warming
Conservation of biodiversity :
1.Community Based Conservation
2.Modern methods of Conservation
Ecological Concepts, Principles and
Application to Conservation :
The report on Ecological Concepts, Principles
and Application to Conservation was
prepared under the direction of Biodiversity
BC's Technical Subcommittee, whose
members include representatives of
conservation organizations and the B.C.
There is general agreement among experts that
prevention is the key to the conservation of
Applying Ecological Concepts and
Principles in Biodiversity Conservation
• Represent all native ecosystem types in a system of
• Retain large contiguous or connected areas that
sustain natural ecological processes.
• Maintain or emulate natural ecological processes.
• Manage for adaptability in response to
Applying Ecological Concepts and Principles
in Biodiversity Conservation
• Minimize the introduction and spread of invasive
• Maintain viable populations of all native species in
natural patterns of abundance and distribution.
• Preserve rare landscape elements, critical habitats
and features, and associated species.
The ecological concepts and principles, and
their application to conserve biodiversity
described in this document are intended to
provide a science-based starting point for the
action on biodiversity conservation.