The Living Lab       Enhancing environmental        citizenship and reducing      energy consumption through       creativ...
BackgroundThe case study                                    Theory                                              Methodolog...
The importance of the built                 Backgroundenvironment                                     Theory              ...
BackgroundUniversities as a public good                             Theory                                                ...
Smart building or smart                                  Backgroundpeople?                                                ...
BackgroundBehaviour-change                                 Theory                                            Methodology  ...
BackgroundIs information enough?                           Theory                                             Methodology ...
BackgroundThe participatory approach                        Theory                                              Methodolog...
BackgroundEnvironmental citizenship                         Theory                                              Methodolog...
BackgroundWeb 2.0                                                Theory                                                   ...
Link between participatory                  Backgroundprocesses and social media                     Theory               ...
BackgroundVisualising energy                                     Theory                                                  M...
BackgroundPhilosophical assumptions                             Theory                                                  Me...
BackgroundResearch methodology                                    Theory                                                  ...
BackgroundMethods                                                      Theory                                             ...
BackgroundThe Greenview app                                Theory                                             Methodology ...
The Greenview app
BackgroundAims and objective                                                      Theory                                  ...
BackgroundOriginal contribution                              Theory                                             Methodolog...
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Rsearch team presentation

  1. 1. The Living Lab Enhancing environmental citizenship and reducing energy consumption through creative engagement with building usersMonica Pianosi :: Supervisors :: Dr. Richard Bull :: Prof. Martin Rieser
  2. 2. BackgroundThe case study Theory Methodology Conclusion• Queens Building in De Montfort University• Probably expanding to DMU: Greenview project case study• 5 buildings: Queens Building, Kimberlin Library, Hugh Aston, IOCT, Campus Centre• 5 control buildings
  3. 3. The importance of the built Backgroundenvironment Theory Methodology Conclusion• The building sector consume 40% of total energy in Europe• “Building don`t use energy, people do” (Janda 2011)• Existing research into behaviour have focused into domestic consumption• In the workplace context the concept of responsibility is central
  4. 4. BackgroundUniversities as a public good Theory Methodology Conclusion• “Universities must function as places of research and learning for sustainable development” (UN DESD 2005)• DMU has made a commitment to bring sustainability into the heart of its organisation - Concrete intervention on the built environment - Transforming staff and students in responsible environmental citizens
  5. 5. Smart building or smart Backgroundpeople? Theory Methodology ConclusionFully automated buildings Manually controlled buildings• Interactivity • People do not like living in entirely artificial, controlled• Combining real and virtual environment• Reduce energy consumption • Users wish to alter the system• Complex management system • Comfort arises when may act as a barrier rather perceived level of control is than aids high • A flexible system • Some control left to occupants • Good interaction between occupants and management
  6. 6. BackgroundBehaviour-change Theory Methodology Conclusion• Behaviour has a fundamental role in defining the impact that humanity has on the environment• Environmentally significant behaviours are defined by the impact they have on the environment• There is a large range of factors that affect behaviour: personal motivation, collective practice, peer pressure, habits, subjective norms, social context
  7. 7. BackgroundIs information enough? Theory Methodology Conclusion• Traditionally attempt to change people`s attitude and behaviour have looked at an educational system• Theories are based on an `information-deficit model` following the assumption that providing people with information would make them change behaviours• Unfortunately, information by itself is inadequate to tackle behaviour-change issue
  8. 8. BackgroundThe participatory approach Theory Methodology Conclusion• Originally applied to urban and territorial planning• Considered capable of helping society to change their attitude and their actions toward a pro- environmental model• Based on the idea that lay public should be involved in decision-making processes• Establishment of a new relationship between experts and lay people comprehending of an issue• Enhancement of democracy
  9. 9. BackgroundEnvironmental citizenship Theory Methodology Conclusion• Citizens have rights and duties not only towards other human beings, but also towards the biosphere• The issue of control in the built environment is also an issue of democracy• Looking for a long-term change in attitudes and behaviours
  10. 10. BackgroundWeb 2.0 Theory Methodology Conclusion• The term refers to web-applications that facilitate participatory information sharing, interoperability, user-centred design and collaboration on the Web• This is the way today new lay knowledge is created• Ordinary people have become ‘citizens-journalist’ using social media tools to tell the world their stories, in this way attracting the world’s attention and sometimes mobilising protests (Arab spring 2011)
  11. 11. Link between participatory Backgroundprocesses and social media Theory Methodology ConclusionPublic participation Social media process • Bottom-up phenomenon• Bottom-up approach • Everyone can participate• Citizen knowledge in the online discussion• Access to information • Everybody have access• Equality to `instant` information • Information is shared without geographical and demographical constraints
  12. 12. BackgroundVisualising energy Theory Methodology Conclusion• By its nature, ‘energy’ is an abstract and invisible force that is conceptualised or commonly defined in a number of different ways• Feedback are essential because people lack the awareness and understanding about how their everyday behaviours affect the environment• Effective feedback : – Comparison over various time – Frequently updated – Interactive – Appliance specific level
  13. 13. BackgroundPhilosophical assumptions Theory Methodology Conclusion“Nihil est in intellectu quod prius non fuerit in sensu” Thomas Aquinas• Epistemological approach: Interpretivism“The world... Is constituted in one way or another as people talk it, write it and argue it” Jonathan Potter• Ontological approach: Constructivism
  14. 14. BackgroundResearch methodology Theory Methodology Conclusion• Action research – The researcher is actively involved – The research is a process linking theory and practice• The Living Lab – A living lab is a user-centred, open-innovation ecosystem – The concept is based on a systematic user co-creation, exploration, experimentation and evaluation of innovative ideas, scenarios, concepts and technological artefacts
  15. 15. BackgroundMethods Theory Methodology Conclusion• Mixed methods – Baseline survey – In-depth interviews – Focus groups – Greenview web and mobile phone application• The Living Lab – Creation of DMU living lab (heterogeneous group of people) – Engage them in focus group to talk about their views and attitudes – Engage them through the use of a web and mobile phone application (Greenview) for visualising energy consumption
  16. 16. BackgroundThe Greenview app Theory Methodology Conclusion• Theoretical background – Relevance of feedback to reduce energy use (Darby 2006) – Stimulate competition and cooperation between building users (Cowley et al. 2010) – Endangered species attachment (Dillahunt et al. 2008) – Augmented reality: the possibility of showing geographically located information (Layar and Empedia)
  17. 17. The Greenview app
  18. 18. BackgroundAims and objective Theory MethodologyAim: Conclusion• Improve the understanding of behaviour-change strategies in the non- domestic built environment contextObjectives:• To identify how individuals interact with energy in the workplace• To review the current methods of communicating and engaging individuals in the workplace in energy reduction initiatives• To understand the influences on individual behaviours in the workplace• To trial and test a novel web 2.0 tool to deliver energy consumption feedback to occupants in a UK non-domestic case study building• Understand the impact of building users on workplace energy reduction and to discover a replicable model/principles for behaviour change strategies in the built environment, therefore to provide recommendations to inform the future deployment of energy-reduction strategies in UK non-domestic buildings.• Ascertain the key features of a web 2.0 tool to enhance public engagement and behaviour-change initiatives in a UK non-domestic case study building
  19. 19. BackgroundOriginal contribution Theory Methodology Conclusion• Focusing on pro-environmental behaviours as they are performed in the workplace• Applying insights from the Public Participation Theory to the task of energy reduction behaviours• Creating the link between public participation theory and web 2.0 tools and social media• Employing an action research methodology