Get your SMARTson!!!Gardner’s MultipleIntelligences
“we are not all the same, we do not allhave the same kinds of minds, andeducation works most effectively formost individuals if…human differencesare taken seriously”(Gardner, 1995, p.208)
Multiple Intelligences MatterIt is important in education to celebrate all aspects of diversity,including the many ways students learnAddressing all intelligences in the classroom is paramount for thesuccess of all students. Individuals should be encouraged to use theirpreferred intelligences in learning.Variation of subject content may result in higher levels of studentachievement and success. Instructional activities should appeal todifferent forms of intelligence.Variation in assessing student knowledge must be part of lesson-plan andimplementation. Assessment of learning should measure multiple formsof intelligence.
How do most students learn?(What we already know)In various ways! Each child is different.They learn byBeing engaged in their LearningSolving problemsCommunicatingCollaborating with othersSeeking connectionsUsing technologyHow do Howard Gardners theory of Multiple Intelligencesaddress all of these!
It’s Not About How Smart You Are…..The “One-Size-Fits-All” ideal does notapply to our students anymoreIt’s About ‘How You Are Smart!’So….How are you SMART?
Logic/Number SMARTAbility to think conceptually, logically, & abstractlyLearn best by forming concepts and looking for patterns &relationshipsuse logic and deductive reasoning to process and understandconcepts.Is familiar with the concepts of quantity, time, and cause andeffect.Uses abstract symbols to represent concrete objects and concepts.Logical-mathematical intelligence is called upon for activitiesinvolving categorization, classification, inference, generalization,calculation, and hypothesis testing.Like to conduct experiments, to solve puzzles and other problemsEnjoy working with numbers and math formulas to solve complexproblems
Art/Picture SMARTSensitivity to the relationship that occurs through shapes,images, line, colour, space, form, patterns,Tend to think in images and picture visualises in detailLike to draw, paint, and make interesting designs and patternsLove to work jigsaw puzzles, read maps, and find their wayaround new placesThe ability to perceive the visual-spatial worldLearns by seeing and observing.Uses visual images as an aid in recalling information.Enjoys doodling, drawing, painting, sculpting, or otherwisereproducing objects in visible form.
Body/Movement SMARTPrefers to touch, handle, or manipulate what is to be learned.High sense of coordination and timing.Learns best by direct involvement and participation.Remembers most clearly what was done, rather than what wassaid or observed.Very high command of bodily motions and fine motor skills.Tend to have a keen sense of body awarenessLikes to demonstrate how to do somethingFind it difficult to sit still for long periods of time
Music/Sound SMARTSensitive to singing, playing instruments, drummingThe capacity to perceive, discriminate, transform, and expressmusical forms. This intelligence includes sensitivity to therhythm, melody, and timbre of a musical piece.Ability to perform or compose musicLearn anything more easily if it is sung or tapped outStudy and work better with music in the backgroundSkilled at mimicking sounds, language accents, and speechpatternsListens and responds with interest to a variety of soundsincluding the human voice, environmental sounds, and music, andorganizes such sounds into meaningful patterns.Is eager to be around and learn from music and musicians.
Nature/Environment SMARTKnowing what occurs in and through encounters with the naturalworldHeightened sensitivity to changes in environment.In tune with nature and interested in exploring and learningabout nature and elements associated with nature.Has an interest in and good knowledge of how the body worksand keeps abreast of health issues.Has an understanding of, and interest in, the main globalenvironmental issues.Have a profound love for the outdoors, animals, and plantsAbility to observe patterns in nature and understand naturaland human-made systemsLearn best when outside interacting with environment
People/Group SMARTKnowing what happens when we work with and relate to peopleDevelops a whole range of social skillsForms and maintains social relationships.Expresses an interest in interpersonally-oriented careers suchas teaching, social work, counseling, management, or politicsLearn best in cooperative and social situationsSensitive to people’s feelings and ideasEspecially like helping others, peer tutoring, workingcooperativelyThe ability to perceive the moods, intentions, motivations, andfeelings of other people.
Self/Introspection SMARTWant to know the meaning, purpose, and significance of thingsIs motivated to identify and pursue goals.Deep understanding of self.Understands and appreciates one’s own feelings, fears andmotivations.Have the ability to analyze strengths and weaknessesSelf-reflective and self-awareStrong willed, self-confident, and have well-thought out opinionson almost any issueLearn best when working independently, they are self-motivated
Word/Book SMARTUnderstands the order and meaning of wordsHave highly developed skills for reading, speaking, and writingLike various kinds of literature, playing word games, debating,and creative writingComprehension of anything read is highThe ability to learn and use language to accomplish certaingoals.The ability to construct and comprehend languageLearn best by saying, hearing, and seeing wordsEnjoys reading, writing, and discussing.
Logic/Number SMARTHow can I bring in numbers, calculations, logic, classifications or criticalHow can I bring in numbers, calculations, logic, classifications or criticalthinking skills?thinking skills?(Sorting sentences & essays, PowerPoint presentations, group work, Venn Diagram sorting, analyzing data, usesearch engines to run queries, & various online platforms to problem solve)Art/Picture SMARTHow can I use visual aids, visualization, color, art, or metaphor?How can I use visual aids, visualization, color, art, or metaphor?(Graphic images, PowerPoint presentations, student presentations(Graphic images, PowerPoint presentations, student presentations, charting, graphing, utilizing online platforms, charting, graphing, utilizing online platformsand editors, prepared or created images, digital animation)and editors, prepared or created images, digital animation)Body/Movement SMARTHow can I involve the whole body or hands-on experience?How can I involve the whole body or hands-on experience?(Use of tactile materials, group work, presentations, diagramming, videoconferencing, sorting various materialsby attributes, participating in virtual group simulations)Music/Sound SMARTHow can I bring in music, environmental sounds, and set key points in arhythmic or melodic framework?(Incorporate digital sounds into PowerPoint & multimedia presentations, group work, rap, chant, song, poetry)We should be asking…
We should be asking…Nature/Environment SMARTHow can I appeal to the students’ love and understanding of nature?(Group work, organizing & making sense of information, through creation of databases or semanticmapping)People/Group SMARTHow can I engage students in discussion, cooperative learning, or largeHow can I engage students in discussion, cooperative learning, or largegroup simulation?group simulation?(Small & large group work, synchronous--chat-rooms or asynchronous--email, discussion boards, dice game,dialogue, role playing & various collaborative projects)Self/Introspection SMARTHow can I evoke personal feelings or memories, or give students choices?How can I evoke personal feelings or memories, or give students choices?(Narrative essays, letters, answers to guided questions posted on the discussion section of Blackboard)Word/Book SMARTHow can I use the spoken andHow can I use the spoken and written word?(Desktop & Web-based publishing, PowerPoint presentations, sentence & essay writing, poetry & storywriting, lecture, dice games, discussion letters, dialogue, plays, email)
Why Multiple Intelligences?Helps promote self-motivation in students because learningis based on innate talentsValidates teacher insights into their students• Teachers are better able to create more inclusive,affective and effective instruction• According to Howard Gardner, learning is both a social andpsychological process. When students understand thebalance of their own multiple intelligences, they beginTo manage their own learning.To value their individual strengths
• How do you think most of YOURstudents learn?• Which methods do you usuallyutilize when you teach?
Teaching Style vs.Learning Styles• Much research supports the view thatwhen students learning preferencesmatch their instructors teachingstyles, student motivation andachievement usually improve.(Miller 2001; Stitt-Gohdes 2003)