Plantations imported workers Pineapple and sugar plantations
KingKalakauaThe ruling sovereignrefused to give PearlHarbor to the U.S. as amilitary base. As aresult, the missionaryparty launched an assaulton his character, accusinghim of all kinds of negativebehavior. Because thepeople stood behindhim, they plotted tomurder him then decidedto just force him to givethem the power ofgovernment. In 1887, the“bayonet constitution”stripped him of his power.
Queen Lili’uokalani They thought they could control a woman, but they underestimated her. She immediately tried to do away with the unlawful constitution. In response, they brought in the marines and took over. She surrendered, believing the U.S. government would support her.
President GroverClevelandAn honest man, thepresident of thetime, ordered the falsegovernment of Hawaii togive power back to theQueen, and they refused.This is treason. They wrotea new constitution andonly let their supporters An honest manvote. Once Cleveland wasout of office they rushed toPresident McKinley who and presidentsupported theirbackhanded dealings. TheTerritory of Hawai’i wasborn in 1898.
1900-1959• Sanford Dole, governor, used this time to develop commercially.• The Big Five businesses controlled ALL business, media and politics.• “Hawaiian” was redefined as a racial term.• Citizens of Chinese, Japanese, Korean heritage, etc., were no longer Hawaiian.• 50% Hawaiian blood entitled you to special land privileges.• Children were forced to attend American schools.• Customs, traditions, and language were suppressed.
1900-1959 continued• Much Hawaiian cultural knowledge was lost.• American immigration took place on a large scale, and much land was stolen or lost.• U.S. military came• Pearl Harbor 1941
Statehood 1959• The vote was assured by thousands of American immigrants.