Module 9 lesson 9.1

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Module 9 lesson 9.1

  1. 1. In this module you review what a sentence is. You will also review sentence fragments and run on sentences.
  2. 2. Do you remember what a sentence is? You learned this in module 1. Look at the next slide to check your answer.
  3. 3. What is a sentence? A sentence is a group of words that contains a subject, a verb, and expresses a complete thought. Subject verb The girl ate a hamburger. Subject verb Juan rides his bike to work.
  4. 4. Sentence Fragment
  5. 5. Remember that for a sentence to be a sentence, it needs to have: a subject, a verb, and express a complete thought. If this doesn’t happen, the group of words is not a sentence but a fragment.
  6. 6. To decide if your group of words is a sentence or a fragment, ask yourself the following questions:  Does it have a subject?  Does it have a verb?  Does it express a complete thought?
  7. 7. Fragment Reason Complete Sentence Bought a dress. She a dress. missing subject missing verb She bought. doesn’t express a complete thought She bought a dress. She bought a dress. She bought a dress.
  8. 8. Sentence fragments often occur as a result of wrong punctuation. If you put a period in the wrong place you will create a fragment.
  9. 9. Example: Fragment Corrected Sentence I saw. The new teacher. I saw the new teacher. “An American in Paris”. “An American in Paris” A great movie. is a great movie. I want to go to the movies. With you. I want to go to the movies with you.
  10. 10. Sentence fragments also occur when a subordinating conjunction (after, as soon as, before, when, until, since, etc.) comes before a clause, and it is not joined to an independent clause.
  11. 11. Example: Fragment Corrected Sentence Until she started studying. She failed all her tests until she started studying. Before I do the practice activities, I read the presentations. Before I do the practice activity. As soon as I get home. As soon as I get home, I do my homework.
  12. 12. Run-on Sentences
  13. 13. Run-on sentences are two or more independent clauses written as though they were one sentence. The main cause of run-on sentences, like fragments is wrong punctuation.
  14. 14. Correcting run-on sentences: End marks like periods, exclamation points, and question marks can make or break a sentence. Commas, used with a conjunction, can transform runon sentences.
  15. 15. Example: Run-on Sentence Corrected Sentence Julie is studying hard she is trying to win a scholarship. Julie is studying hard. She is trying to win a scholarship. Isabel sang I played music. When I played music, Isabel sang. Sara lived in Medellin now she lives in Bogota. Sara lived in Medellin, but now she lives in Bogota.

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