United Fresh Global Food Safety Conference   24 April 2009
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United Fresh Global Food Safety Conference   24 April 2009 United Fresh Global Food Safety Conference 24 April 2009 Presentation Transcript

  • Comparing Canada’s Food Safety Programs in the Fresh Produce Sector with Programs Available in Exporting Countries
    Global Conference on Produce Food Safety Standards
    Las Vegas, Nevada
    24 April 2009
    Albert Chambers
    Monachus Consulting
  • MonachusConsulting
    United Fresh Conference – 24 April 2009
    Presentation Outline
    Introduction
    Brief Description of Canadian Programs
    Comparison Project
    Description
    Findings
    Conclusions
    Ongoing Activities
  • MonachusConsulting
    United Fresh Conference – 24 April 2009
    Introduction
    Presenting on behalf Canadian Produce Marketing Association- over 670 international & Canadian members … responsible for 90% of the fresh fruit & vegetable sales in Canada
    And the International Federation for Produce Standards - an international forum to address issues which require international harmonization or standardization for the produce sector
  • MonachusConsulting
    United Fresh Conference – 24 April 2009
    Canadian Produce Food Safety Programs
    Programs
    On-farm Food Safety Program developed by Canadian Horticultural Council for growers, packers & storage intermediaries
    Repack/Wholesale Food Safety Program developed by Canadian Produce Marketing Association
    Design Characteristics
    HACCP-based food safety requirements
    National programs
    3rd Party conformity assessment
    Government recognized
    GFSI or GFSI & GlobalGAP benchmarked
  • HACCP can’t be done on farm, or can it?
    • HACCP Program
    • Site/farm specific application of Codex HACCP approach using a full hazard analysis (biological, chemical & physical) to identify all control measures (prerequisites & CCPs) needed to produce safe food
    • Or, HACCP-based Program
    • Where the hazard analysis is generic (i.e. covers all producers or users in a given sector) and results in a list of commonly accepted hazards (biological, chemical & physical) and related controls that are then translated into a series of GAPs (or GHPs) & CCPs to which users shall adhere. (Canadian definition)
    Monachus Consulting
    Assisting Canada’s Agri-food Industry to Adapt and Prosper
  • Monachus Consulting
    United Fresh Conference – 24 April 2009
    2007/8 Joint Comparison Project - Participants
  • Joint Comparison Project - Objectives
    Compare Canadian fresh produce food safety programs with those of other countries.
    Enable the industry to determine how its food safety programs could be accepted internationally;
    Provide a basis for Canadian stakeholders (wholesalers, retailers & food service distributors) to assess the acceptability/ equivalence of programs available in other countries.
    Work done in 2007 with some additional comparisons in early 2008
    Monachus Consulting
    United Fresh Conference – 24 April 2009
  • Monachus Consulting
    United Fresh Conference – 24 April 2009
    Joint Comparison Project - Outputs
    Environmental scan of fresh produce food safety programs: farm/packer/storage intermediary & repacker/wholesaler
    Comparison criteria
    Comparison of CHC on-farm (CanadaGAP)& CPMA repack/wholesale (RWFS) programs with other programs to establish commonalities & differences
    Comparison of government recognition & private benchmarking schemes
    Final report providing comparisons, conclusions & recommendations.
  • Monachus Consulting
    United Fresh Conference – 24 April 2009
    Joint Comparison Project - Methodology
    Steering committee identified key exporting countries
    Extensive Internet & Literature search
    Documents used in comparisons
    Generic HACCP model
    Program requirements ( the standard)
    Audit checklist
    General scheme requirements for certification, etc
  • Monachus Consulting
    United Fresh Conference – 24 April 2009
    Comparison Criteria - 1
    General characteristics:
    ownership
    commodity scope (fresh produce, integrated)
    chain scope (grower/packer/storage/repacker/ wholesaler)
    content scope (food safety, environmental, etc)
    geographic reach (national, international)
    participation ( # of participants, certificates)
    recognition (government &/or customers)
    other factors (infrastructure sharing)
  • Monachus Consulting
    United Fresh Conference – 24 April 2009
    Comparison Criteria - 2
    Program/Food Safety content
    HACCP or HACCP-based or “sewn together”
    Relationship to Codex Alimentarius principles, guidelines
    CCPs (if any) identified
    Detailed analysis of GAPs or GMPs against either the CHC or CPMA programs
    Record keeping requirements
  • Monachus Consulting
    United Fresh Conference – 24 April 2009
    Comparison Criteria - 3
    Conformity assessment:
    Certification body requirements (including accreditation)
    Audit attributes (frequency, duration, use of random/ unannounced audits, etc)
    Audit scoring approach
    Auditor competency/qualifications, training requirements, etc
  • Monachus Consulting
    United Fresh Conference – 24 April 2009
    Comparison Output
    Three types of comparison:
    Described (i.e. programs for which limited information can be accessed) – Result: summary of available information with source details
    Benchmarked (i.e. programs determined by GlobalGAPor GFSI to be equivalent) – Result: short description
    Compared (i.e. access to hazard analysis &/or detailed requirements) – Result: 10-25 page fact sheet rolled up into Final Report tables on content & conformity assessment
  • Monachus Consulting
    United Fresh Conference – 24 April 2009
    Programs - Described
    Americas: Argentina, Brazil, Columbia, Costa Rica, Mexico, Peru
    Africa: Ghana, Kenya
    Asia - China, India, Malaysia, Philippines, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, Viet Nam
    If we looked again 2009 – we would find many more programs
  • Farm/Packer/Storage Programs Compared
    Canadian (2)
    CHC potatoes
    CHC greenhouse
    United States (6)
    USDA Fresh Produce
    California Leafy Greens
    PrimusLabs Ranch
    PrimusLabs Greenhouse
    Davis Fresh ProCert
    SQF 1000
    International (5)
    GlobalGAP (fruits & vegetables)
    ChileGAP
    NewZealandGAP
    FreshCare (Australia)
    PPECB (South Africa)
    Monachus Consulting
    United Fresh Conference – 24 April 2009
  • Monachus Consulting
    United Fresh Conference – 24 April 2009
    Repack/Wholesale Programs Compared
    Canadian (1)
    CPMA Repacking & Wholesale
    United States (4)
    PrimusLabs.com Packinghouse
    Davis Fresh Packing Facility
    Scientific Certification GMP Packing Facility
    AIB Produce & Fruit Packinghouse
    International (2)
    PPECB Off-Farm Produce Handling (South Africa)
    QS (Germany)
  • Monachus Consulting
    United Fresh Conference – 24 April 2009
    Final Report
    Individual comparisons are “rolled up” using tables & symbols to facilitate comparing key elements:
    Comparable to Canadian program ●●
    Missing key requirements ●
    Has additional requirements ●●●
    Requirement not mentioned ▬
    Note is made of requirements with “record keeping” (R)
    Report available at: www.cpma.ca/pdf/FoodSafety/JFSCP_May_2008_ENG.pdf
  • Monachus Consulting
    United Fresh Conference – 24 April 2009
    CHC/US - Example
  • Monachus Consulting
    United Fresh Conference – 24 April 2009
    CHC/International Example
  • Monachus Consulting
    CPMA Webinar – 12 November 2008
    CPMA/US Example
  • Monachus Consulting
    United Fresh Conference – 24 April 2009
    Conclusions (1)
    1. Programs in fresh produce sector are rapidly evolving in response to global buyer demand
    2. Rigorously applied HACCP-based approach generates comparable programs
    CHC & CPMA Programs are currently comparable or more comprehensive
    Programs that do not use HACCP-based approach have deficiencies that reflect their underlying objectives (e.g. focus on biological hazards)
    3. Trend in conformity assessment is to accredited 3rd party certification bodies
    The Canadian programs are implementing this approach
    US Programs use a variety of certification approaches (government staff, 3rd Party auditors, etc)
  • Conclusions (2)
    4. Audit Approaches vary:
    Annual audits predominate
    Some schemes permit a group or multi-site certification
    Risk based frequencies are being introduced
    5. Private Benchmarking & Government Recognition schemes
    Have similar characteristics
    Appear to provide similar results
    Benchmarking could be used as a proxy for full comparisons
    6. Comparison template provided demonstrated value to all segments of the supply chain, particularly retailers.
    Monachus Consulting
    United Fresh Conference – 24 April 2009
  • Conclusions (3)
    7. Good comparisons require detailed program information (e.g. generic model, auditable requirements & conformity assessment scheme)
    8. The Joint Comparison Project is the largest fresh produce program review to date
    9. Competitive intelligence monitoring & “best practice adoption” are an essential part of the global fresh produce industry’s future – Joint Comparison Project needs updating & deepening
    Monachus Consulting
    United Fresh Conference – 24 April 2009
  • On-going Activities (1)
    United Fresh Produce Association
    Using report as part of broader assessment of US schemes
    International Federation for Produce Standards
    Members: Canada, USA, United Kingdom, Chile, South Africa, New Zealand, Australia, Norway
    Using report as a reference document for discussions of harmonization of fresh produce food safety standards
    Engaging other stakeholders (e.g. GFSI) in discussions about harmonization of fresh produce standards
    Monachus Consulting
    United Fresh Conference – 24 April 2009
  • On-going Activities (2)
    Canadian Stakeholders
    Reference document for assessing foreign schemes
    Basis for discussions on customer requirements & recognition of CHC & CPMA Food Safety Programs
    CHC launched its program – now CanadaGAP - in September 2008
    Major retailer – Loblaws:
    Requesting CHC program (or GlobalGAP/GFSI) of Canadian & other suppliers for 2009
    Requesting CPMA RWFS program or equivalent
    CPMA board – Meets in May 2009 to consider plan to launch its audit/certification scheme
    Monachus Consulting
    United Fresh Conference – 24 April 2009
  • Thank you to the United Fresh Produce Association for the invitation and to the Canadian Produce Marketing Association for its support
    Albert Chambers
    Monachus Consulting
    afchambers@monachus.com
    Monachus Consulting
    United Fresh Conference – 24 April 2009