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Wood working or Wood work shop

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Transcript

  • 1. Wood working tools Wood cutting Wood jointing
  • 2. Steel Rule A steel rule is used for measuring straight rule lines, because of its straight edge. It can also be used as a guideline. It measurements in 1/64-inch
  • 3. Measuring Tape We are use it for the long measuring We measure the long timber But it can’t give precise measurements
  • 4. Try Square We aligning work pieces at 90° and 45° angles. Adjustable angle thingy in the middle for any odd angle you need or want to measure angle. We find the centre of any square or round object.
  • 5. Caliper A caliper is a device used to measure the distance between two opposite sides of an object.
  • 6. The mortise gauge is a special type of marking gauge and it is used to mark wood so that a mortise can be cut into it.
  • 7. Beam Compass It is a compass with a beam and sliding sockets for dividing circles
  • 8. F-Clamp The name comes from its "F" shape. The F-clamp is similar to a C-clamp in use
  • 9. cramp is often used instead when the tool is for temporary use for positioning
  • 10. Bench Vise
  • 11. Wood File A File Is Used To cut Fine Amounts Of Material From A Work Piece. Square Files Triangular Files Round Files Slitting Files Dreadnought Ferrier Rasp
  • 12. Chisel A long-bladed hand tool with a beveled cutting edge and a handle which is struck with a hammer or mallet, used to cut or shape the wood
  • 13. Wood Saw A saw is a tool consisting of a hard blade, wire, or chain with a toothed edge. It is used to cut through relatively hard material, most often wood. The cut is made by placing the toothed edge against the material and moving it forcefully back and forth. This force may be applied by hand, or powered
  • 14. Filling Operation Filing is a material removal process in manufacturing. Filing operations can be used on a wide range of materials as a finishing operation.
  • 15. Planing is used to produce horizontal, vertic al, or inclined flat surfaces on work pieces by removing small amounts of wood and it can also remove rough patches of timber
  • 16. Drilling A drilling make holes in a surface. A tool with a rotating cutting tip used for making holes is called Drilling
  • 17. BUTT JOINT CORNER REBATE DOWEL JOINT MITRE JOINT FINGER JOINT HOUSING JOINT MORTISE & TENON JOINT KNOCK DOWN FITTINGS DOVETAIL JOINT CROSS HALVING JOINT
  • 18. The wood joints simply because they require no cutting out. All you need to do is ensure both ends are square and bring them up to each other at right angles glue the faces together. That the nails have been driven in at an angle in a process called Dovetail Nailing.
  • 19. It is a permanent method but it is not the strongest joint. Modern glues that are very strong have meant that this joint is often used to quickly fix parts together.
  • 20. Some other dowelled joints in use.
  • 21.  It is ideal for box construction and is suitable for use with natural woods such as pine and mahogany or even manufactured boards such as plywood and MDF. The joint is strong especially when used with a good quality glue.  This a good example of a ‘finger’ or ‘comb’ joint.
  • 22. A Finger Joint (sometimes called a comb joint), is created by accurately cutting out a series of steps on the ends of two pieces of wood. Alternate sections are then removed so that the two pieces fit together as shown here.
  • 23. This type of joint has a wide range of uses and is particularly useful when manufacturing furniture
  • 24.  A Tri Square and a marking knife are used to mark the lines at the ends of the mortise.  The stock of the mortise gauge is pressed against the side of the wood. TRI SQUARE
  • 25. The Mortise Chisel is then used to break the surface of the waste wood by gently tapping the handle with a Mallet.
  • 26. Marking knife is used to produce a precise line, with the aid of a Tri Square . A pencil can then be used make the line stand out. The Mortise Gauge is used to mark the size of the Tenon. TRI SQUARE
  • 27. The ‘DOVETAIL JOINT’ is very strong because of the way the ‘tails’ and ‘pins’ are shaped. Used in box constructions such as drawers, jewellery boxes, cabinets and other pieces. It is a difficult joint. They can be very impressive. The box shown here is particularly strong due to the dovetail joints at its’ sides.
  • 28. CROSS HALVING JOINTS They are used whenever it is necessary to join two pieces of wood that cross over each other. Using this would joint would create a ‘+’ or a ‘X’ shape with two pieces of wood.
  • 29. BRIDLE JOINTS These joints are used when a light frame is needed and strength is not the main requirement. PLAIN BRIDLE JOINT Using this would joint would create a ‘T’ shape with two pieces of wood. ANGLED BRIDLE JOINT Using this would joint would create an ‘L’ shape with two pieces of wood.
  • 30. MITRE JOINTS A Mitre Joint is used where two pieces of wood need to be positioned next to each other at exactly 90o. A 45o cut is made on either end and when they are placed against each other, a 90o corner is achieved.
  • 31. KNOCK DOWN FITTINGS They are temporary joints although many are used to permanently join

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