Male: Seminiferous Tubules

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Seminiferous Tubules

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  • testis-03
  • testes within scrotum; temperature 2-3 degrees C below body temperature which is essential for sperm production descent of testes during development (tunica vaginalis)
  • testis-06
  • testis-01
  • testis-02
  • testis-03
  • 3
  • 4
  • tight junctions of lateral processes may temporarily open to permit the passage of spermatogenic cells toward the lumen
  • 5 exchange of genetic material in MI via crossing over
  • 2
  • epididymus-01
  • 6
  • 7
  • epididymus-06
  • epididymus-07
  • epididymus-08
  • Male: Seminiferous Tubules

    1. 1. MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
    2. 2. MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM  TESTES  EPIDIDYMIS
    3. 3. Site of sperm formation Seminiferous tubules of Testis
    4. 4. MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM  TESTIS - is the serous covering of the testis TUNICA VAGINALIS (1) VISCERAL LAMINA - covers the greater part of the testis and epididymis - connects epididymis to the testis by means of a distinct fold (2) PARIETAL LAMINA -  covered by a layer of simple cuboidal endothelial cells
    5. 5. MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM  TESTIS - thick connective tissue capsule - connective tissue septa divide testis into 250 lobules TUNICA ALBUGINEA (1) SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES - each lobule contains 1-4 seminiferous tubules and interstitial connective tissue (2) RECTUS TUBULES (3) RETE TESTIS (4) EFFERENT DUCTULES (5) EPIDIDYMIS
    6. 6. MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM  TESTIS TUNICA ALBUGINEA (1) SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES - produce sperm INTERSTITIAL TISSUE - contains Leydig cells which produce testosterone (2) RECTUS TUBULES (3) RETE TESTIS (4) EFFERENT DUCTULES (5) EPIDIDYMIS
    7. 7.  TESTIS MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM EPIDIDYMIS TUNICA ALBUGINEA Mediastinum containing RETE TESTIS LOBULES
    8. 8. TESTIS H&E SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES
    9. 9. SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES INTERSTITIAL CONN. TISSUE TESTIS H&E SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES
    10. 10. TESTIS H&E SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES INTERSTITIAL CONN. TISSUE
    11. 11.  TESTIS MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM TUNICA VAGINALIS TUNICA ALBUGINEA SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES SEMINIFEROUS EPITHELIUM - complex stratified epithelium containing two basic cell populations: (1) SPERMATOGENIC CELLS (2) SERTOLI CELLS
    12. 12.  TESTIS MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES SEMINIFEROUS EPITHELIUM - complex stratified epithelium containing two basic cell populations: (1) SPERMATOGENIC CELLS (2) SERTOLI CELLS stem cells which regularly replicate and differentiate into mature sperm as they migrate toward the lumen nonreplicating physical support cells INTERSTITIAL CONNECTIVE TISSUE (1) LEYDIG CELLS produce and release testosterone
    13. 13. MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM SERTOLI CELLS SPERMATOGONIA 1º SPERMATOCYTE 2º SPERMATOCYTE SPERMATIDS  SPERMATOGENESIS SPERMATOGONIA 1º SPERMATOCYTE 2º SPERMATOCYTE SPERMATIDS
    14. 14. MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES  SPERMATOGENESIS THREE PHASES : (1) Spermatogonial Phase (Mitosis) - spermatogonia proliferate by mitotic divisions to provide stem cells and cells which will proceed through spermatogenesis (1º spermatocytes) (2) Spermatocyte Phase (Meiosis) (3) Spermatid Phase (Spermiogenesis) - spermatid differentiation into spermatazoa - diploid cells (2n) created in spermatogonial phase give rise to haploid cells (1n) - Meiosis I (reduction division) & Meiosis II (equatorial division) - 1º spermatocytes enter Meiosis I to form 2º spermatocytes which then enter Meiosis II and result in spermatids
    15. 15. MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM  SPERMATOGENESIS THREE PHASES : (1) Spermatogonial Phase (Mitosis) (2) Spermatocyte Phase (Meiosis) (3) Spermatid Phase (Spermiogenesis) - acrosome formation; golgi granules fuse to form acrosome that contains hydrolytic enzymes which will enable the spermatozoa to move through the investing layers of the oocyte - flagellum formation; centrioles and associate axoneme (arrangement of microtubules in cilia) - changes in size and shape of nucleus; chromatin condenses and shedding of residual body (cytoplasm)
    16. 16.  SPERMIOGENESIS Mature sperm 60µm long and acquire full motility in epididymis (1) HEAD (2) NECK (3) TAIL - nucleus and acrosome - centriole and connecting piece - middle piece (axoneme, outer dense fibers, mitochondial sheath) - principal piece (axoneme, outer dense fibers, fibrous sheath) - end piece (axoneme) MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
    17. 17. MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM  SPERMIOGENESIS
    18. 18. MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM  SPERMIOGENESIS
    19. 19. MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM  HORMONAL REGULATION OF MALE REPRODUCTIVE FUNCTION HYPOTHALAMUS REGULATES ACTIVITY OF ANTERIOR PITUITARY (ADENOHYPOPHYSIS) ADENOHYPOPHYSIS SYNTHESIZES HORMONES (LH and FSH) THAT MODULATE ACTIVITY OF SERTOLI AND LEYDIG CELLS Luteinizing Hormone (LH): stimulates testosterone production by Leydig cells Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH): stimulates production of sperm in conjunction with testosterone by regulating activity of Sertoli cells SERTOLI CELLS STIMULATED BY FSH AND TESTOSTERONE RELEASE ANDROGEN BINDING PROTEIN WHICH BINDS TESTOSTERONE; THEREBY INCREASING TESTOSTERONE CONCENTRATION WITHIN THE SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES AND STIMULATING SPERMATOGENESIS
    20. 20. MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM  TESTIS TUNICA ALBUGINEA (1) SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES (2) RECTUS TUBULES (3) RETE TESTIS (4) EFFERENT DUCTULES (5) EPIDIDYMIS - connecting the convoluted region of the seminiferous tubule to the rete testis -located in the hilum of the testicle (mediastinum testis) that carries sperm from the seminiferous tubules to the vasa efferentia
    21. 21. MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM  TESTIS TUNICA ALBUGINEA (1) SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES (2) RECTUS TUBULES (3) RETE TESTIS (4) EFFERENT DUCTULES (5) EPIDIDYMIS
    22. 22. EPIDIDYMIS EFFERENT DUCTULES
    23. 23. MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM  EFFERENT DUCTULES IRREGULAR LUMINAL APPEARANCE DUE TO TALL CILIATED CELLS AND SHORT NON-CILIATED CELLS CONNECT RETE TESTIS WITH EPIDIDYMIS CILIATED CELLS BEAT TOWARD EPIDIDYMIS; THIN LAYER OF SMOOTH MUSCLE ALSO AIDS MOVEMENT INTO EPIDIDYMIS
    24. 24.  EPIDIDYMIS MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM RECEIVES EFFERENT DUCTULES DIVIDED INTO HEAD, BODY, AND TAIL PSEUDOSTRATIFIED EPITHELIUM CONSISTING OF PRINCIPAL AND BASAL CELLS SMOOTH MUSCLE IN HEAD AND TAIL CONTRACT SPONTANEOUSLY; SMOOTH MUSCLE IN TAIL REQUIRES SYMPATHETIC INNERVATION FOR CONTRACTION
    25. 25. EPIDIDYMIS EFFERENT DUCTULES
    26. 26. EPIDIDYMIS EFFERENT DUCTULES
    27. 27. EPIDIDYMIS

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